Introduction of Hyssop:Hyssop herb or Hyssopus officinalis.
✵The article gives records of the herb Hyssop, its English name, Latin name, common names, property and flavor, its botanical source one plant species, ①.Hyssopus officinalis L., with a detailed introduction to the botanical features of this plant species, the growth characteristics, and ecological environment of this plant species, the features of the herb Hyssop, its pharmacological actions, medicinal efficacy, and administration guide.
English Name: Hyssop.
Latin Name: Hyssopus officinalis L.
Common Names: Hyssop
Property and flavor: The plant has a weak sweetish smell, it tastes bitter.
Brief introduction: The pointed leaves and small blue and violet flowers of Hyssopus officinalis, a hardy, stiff-stemmed perennial shrub native to Eurasia and naturalized in North America. The essential oil distilled from both the leaves and the flowering tops is used medicinally as well.
Botanical source: Common herbal classics defined the herb Hyssop as the above-ground parts of the species (1).Hyssopus officinalis L. It is a plant species of the Hyssopus genus, the Lamiaceae family (Labiatae, mint family). The fresh or dried aboveground parts are used medicinally. This commonly used species is introduced:
(1).Hyssopus officinalis L.
Botanical description: Hyssopus officinalis is a semi-shrub, the plant grows up to 20~50 or 80 cm high; Stems are much branched, obtusely quadrangular, striate, pubescent; Leaves are linear, lanceolate or linear-lanceolate, 1~4 cm long, 2~7 mm wide, blunt at the apex, tapered to wedge at the base, sessile, glabrous on both surfaces, glandular-dotted, with the midrib inconspicuous on the upper surface, obvious bulge on the back surface, rough edges and short strigose, slightly inflexed;
The inflorescence is composed of 3~7 flowers, axillary, often inclined to one side, with a total stalk less than 1 mm long, forming an elongated terminal spike usually 4 cm long. The upper one is dense, while the lower one is far away. Sometimes, it gathers into a panicle at the top of the main shaft due to the contraction of lateral flower branches. At this time, the inflorescence is very elongated, up to 10 cm long; Bracts and bracteoles are linear subulate, sharp, longer than pedicels, 3~5 mm long, puberulent; the pedicel is 0.5~1.5 mm long, puberulent with total peduncle; Calyx is tubular, about 7.5 mm long with teeth, often colored, externally puberulent on veins, with glandular spots between veins, and glabrous on the inner surface, with 15 prominent veins. The dents between teeth are somewhat tumor-shaped due to the connection of two veins. Calyx teeth are 5, triangular and lanceolate, about 2.5 mm long, with short spikes at the apex; Its flowering period is from June to September, nutlets are oval and triangular, smooth, and the whole herb has an aroma. It will enter the flowering period in June every year, with purple spikes, in many areas, it has pink and white spikes, which are especially beautiful.
Ecological environment: Hyssopus officinalis is native to Southern Europe and grows wild in the Mediterranean region and Asia. It is cultivated in North America, and other areas.
Growth characteristics: Sandy loam or deep loam with sufficient sunshine, good ventilation, and good drainage is preferred for cultivation.
Pharmacological actions: ①.expectorant actions;
Hyssop has some expectorant actions, its expectorant action is identified mainly attributes to component marrubiin, explaining its traditional applications for sore throat, clear chest congestion, etc.
Medicinal efficacy: Hyssop was used as an insect repellent and insecticide, and as a healing agent for coughs or colds. Hyssop tea and rubs were used for clearing congested air-ways by loosening sticky phlegm and soothing a hoarse or sore throat. Today it is still recommended by herbalists for excess gas, colic, indigestion, fever, asthma, rheumatism, poorly regulated blood pressure, circulation problems, gout, weight problems, and urinary tract infections. Infusion is applied to treat cold sores and genital herpes, poultices are used to heal cuts, and the volatile oil is used as a flavoring in foods and perfumes.
Administration of Hyssop (Hyssopus officinalis):
Administration Guide of Hyssop (Hyssopus officinalis)
Herbal classic books:
Dosage: An infusion is prepared with 1 to 2 teaspoons of hyssop per cup of water, three times daily.
Contraindications, Precautions and Adverse Reactions: Hyssop is considered a relatively safe herb, it is included on the FDA's list of herbs "Generally Recognized As Safe"(GRAS) for food use. The oil is nonirritating and non-sensitizing to human and animal skin. Commercial essential oil preparations may pose some risk of central nervous system reactions. The herb should not be used during pregnancy. Reported isolated cases of tonic-clonic spasms have been observed among adults after intake of 10 to 30 drops of the volatile oil over several days, 2 to 3 drops for children.
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1.Introduction of Hyssop:Hyssop herb or Hyssopus officinalis.