Introduction of Marshmallow:Marshmallow root or Schloss Tea.
✵The article gives records of the herb Marshmallow, its English name, Latin name, common names, property and flavor, its botanical source one plant species, ①.Althaea officinalis L., with a detailed introduction to the botanical features of this plant species, the growth characteristics, and ecological environment of this plant species, the features of the herb Marshmallow, its pharmacological actions, medicinal efficacy, and administration guide.
English Name: Marshmallow.
Latin Name: Althaea officinalis L.
Common Names: Althea, kitmi, mallards, malvavisco, Moorish mallow, Mortification root, Schloss Tea, Sweet weed, White Maoow, Wymote.
Property and flavor: cool in nature, tastes sweet.
Brief introduction: Marshmallow grows in marshes. It also flourishes in meadows, bogs, and other moist places across USA (the United States of America), it is native to Europe, and other parts of the world. Primarily the tall root of this perennial is used for medicinal purposes, although the velvety-hairy leaves and even the large pale pink or white flowers, which bloom in summer, are occasionally used as well.
Botanical source: Common herbal classics defined the herb Marshmallow as the dried root or leaf of the species (1). Althaea officinalis L. It is a plant species of the Althaea Linn genus, the Malvaceae family (hibiscus, mallow family). The dried leaves and flowers, syrup, and roots are used medicinally. This commonly used species is introduced:
(1).Althaea officinalis L.
Botanical description: Althaea officinalis is a biennial upright herb, it grows up to 2 meters tall, with densely prickled stems and branches. The leaves are nearly round-heart-shaped, 6~16 cm in diameter, palmately 5~7 lobed or wavy, the lobes are triangular or round, the middle lobes are about 3 cm long and 4~6 cm wide, the upper part is sparsely stellate pilose, rough, and the lower part is stellate hirsute or villous; the petiole is 5~15 cm long, stellate hirsute; Stipules is ovate, 8 mm long, the apex is 3-pointed.
Flowers are axillary, solitary, or nearly clustered, arranged in racemes; With leaflike bracts, the pedicel is about 5 mm long, extended to 1~2.5 cm in fruiting, covered by stellate hirsute; Bracts are cup-shaped, often 6-7-lobed, lobes are ovate-lanceolate, 10 mm long, densely covered with stellate hirsute, connate at base; Calyx is bell-shaped, 2~3 cm in diameter, 5-toothed, lobes are ovate-triangular, 1.2~1.5 cm long, densely covered with stellate hirsute; Flowers are large, 6~10 cm in diameter, with red, purple, white, pink, yellow and black-purple colors, single or double petals, petals are inverted oval triangle, about 4 cm long, concave apex, narrow base, long whiskers grow on claws; Stamens are glabrous, about 2 cm long, filaments are slender, about 2 mm long, anthers are yellow; Style branches are numerous, with fine hairs.
Fruit is disk-shaped, about 2 cm in diameter, pubescent, mericarps are nearly round, numerous, with 1 mm thick back and longitudinal grooves. Its flowering period is from February to August.
Ecological environment: The plant was native to Asia and then spread westward to southeast Europe and eastward to China. In temperate latitudes, Marshmallow is established as a garden plant.
Growth characteristics: Althaea officinalis is cold-resistant, and waterlogging-resistant, the plant prefers sunshine, tolerates half shade, but avoids waterlogging. Strong saline-alkali tolerance, and it can still grow in soil containing 0.6% salt. The plant is cold-resistant, and can safely overwinter in the open field in North China. It grows well in loose and fertile sandy soil with good drainage and rich organic matter.
Characters of herbs: Marshmallow root is the dried root of althaea officinalis, the root is harvested from October to November, cleaned, and dried, Marshmallow leaves are the dried leaves of althaea officinalis.
Pharmacological actions: ①.source of mucilage; ②.soothing the throat; ③.blood sugar lowering; ④.fights bacteria; ⑤.boost immune system;etc.
Marshmallow root contains up to 5 to 10 percent mucilage, mucilage becomes gooey when combined with liquid and has a sound reputation for softening, protecting, and soothing irritated mucous membranes or skin. Marshmallow root soothes the throat, it helps to suppress coughing, cutting short the vicious circle of irritation-cough-irritation. The mucilage has also shown notable blood sugar lowering actions in healthy mice. Marshmallow root also fights certain types of disease-causing bacteria, it also boosts the immune system.
Medicinal efficacy: Marshmallow was used as food during famines in ancient times, decoction was used for colds, stomach troubles, vomiting, diarrhea, and kidney and bladder ailments. It was used as an antidote for poison. The herb is also used as an emollient and wound healer, for burns, bites, scalds, bruises, toothaches and tissue irritations, to soothe chapped hands and cold-induced swellings, or sores called chilblains. It is recommended by contemporary herbalists for throat irritation caused by coughs, colds, and bronchitis, to relieve stomach upset, and control urinary bladder inflammation and other urinary complaints, it was used as a diuretic, and its ointments and pastes are used in healing minor cuts, scrapes, abrasions, and burns, including sunburns. Marshmallow is also used as a flavoring agent in beverages, candies, breads, and other foods. In Europe, the herb marshmallow leaf is approved for cough and bronchitis, marshmallow root is approved for inflammation of gastric mucosa, and oral and pharyngeal irritation. In folk medicine, marshmallow leaf and root is used for diarrhea, insect bites, and ulcers.
Administration of Marshmallow (Althaea officinalis):
Administration Guide of Marshmallow (Althaea officinalis)
Herbal classic books:
Dosage: marshmallow leaf tea is prepared using 1 heaping teaspoon of leaves per cup of water. A decoction is made using 1 to 2 teaspoons of root per cup of water. The syrup is taken in doses of 10 grams. The average daily dose is 5 grams of the leaf. A preparation for external use is made by applying enough water to the chopped root to form a paste. The herb should be protected from light sources and insects.
Contraindications, Precautions and Adverse Reactions: Marshmallow root is safe according to records. Precaution is that the herb may delay the absorption of other herbs taken at the same time, it may also interfere with treatment for lowering blood sugar.
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1.Introduction of Marshmallow:Marshmallow root or Schloss Tea.