Introduction of Savory:Summer savory and Winter savory.

Popular Herbs. ✵The article gives records of the herb Savory, its English name, Latin name, common names, property and flavor, its botanical source two plant species, ①.Satureja hortensis L., ②.Satureja montana., with a detailed introduction to the botanical features of these two plant species, the growth characteristics, and ecological environment of these two plant species, the features of the herb Savory, its pharmacological actions, medicinal efficacy, and administration guide.

Savory(Summer savory).

 English Name: Savory.
 Latin Name: Summer savory:Satureja hortensis L. Winter savory:Satureja montana.
 Common Names: Bean herb, white thyme, Garden Savory, Savory, Winter Savory.
 Property and flavor: Summer savory has a spicy scent and a taste that is spicy and peppery.

 Brief introduction: Summer savory is the fresh or dried plant harvested during the flowering stage.

 Botanical source: Common herbal classics defined the herb Savory as the leaves and stems of the species (1).Satureja hortensis L.(2).Satureja montana. They are plant species of the Mentha genus, the Lamiaceae family (Labiatae, mint family). The dried fruit and essential oil from the ripe fruit are used medicinally. This commonly used species is introduced:

(1).Satureja hortensis L.

 Botanical description: The plant Satureja hortensis grows up to 30~50 cm high, with upright, heavily branched, and shortly pubescent stems. The leaves are crossed opposite, up to 3 cm long, short-petioled, lanceolate or linear-lanceolate, and entire-margined. They are rather thick with a ciliate margin and are glandular-punctate on both surfaces.

 The lilac or whitish labiate flowers are in axillary, 5-blossomed, false whorls. The calyx is tubular-campanulate, regular, and has 5 tips. The corolla does not have a ring of hair. The upper lip is straight and edged. The lower lip has 3 divisions and is red-spotted at the mouth of the tube.

 Ecological environment: The plant is native to Southern Europe and northern Africa, and is extensively cultivated elsewhere.

(2).Satureja montana.

 Botanical description: Satureja montana, is also known as winter savory, is a low-growing, woody-stemmed, somewhat-shrubby, spreading perennial which is frequently grown in herb gardens for its stiff, linear to lance-shaped, pungent, glossy, dark green leaves grows to 2.5 cm long, which can be used fresh or dried as a seasoning in food. Tiny white-to-lilac flowers appear in terminal spikes in mid to late summer. The plant grows up to 15~40 cm tall.

 Ecological environment: The plant is native to Southwestern Asia, southern Europe, and is extensively cultivated elsewhere.

 Growth characteristics: Best grown in dry to medium moisture, rocky to sandy, well-drained soil in full sun. Tolerant of some light shade.

 Pharmacological actions: ①.mild antibacterial and antifungal properties; ②.astringent; ③.antispasmodic effect; ④.expectorant effect; ⑤.diuretic activity; ⑥.antiseptic effect;etc.

 The study found dried summer savory contains about 1% volatile oil, and it has mild antibacterial and antifungal properties, an aqueous extract of the herb has antiviral properties.

 The tannin and phenolic compounds in the oil have an astringent property, it is useful for treating mild diarrhea.

 Savory oil has antispasmodic effects on isolated smooth muscle.

 Summer savory contains volatile oil and astringent tannins, it soothes minor coughs and throat irritations, summer savory and winter savory contains a component cineole, and it has an expectorant action, valuable for treating congestion.

 Winter savory volatile oil has diuretic activity in laboratory rat experiments.

 Summer savory has a mild antiseptic effect due to the presence of cymol and carvacrol in the essential oil.

 Medicinal efficacy: Savory has been used for centuries as a cooking spice with a spicy aroma, summer savory is used for boosting sexual drive, in folk medicine the herb is used as a tonic, for cough and congestion, sore throat, diarrhea, appetite loss, gastrointestinal upsets such as cramps, gas, indigestion, stomach upset, coughs, colds in children.

 Administration of Savory (Summer savory): 
Reference: Administration Guide of Savory (Summer savory)
Herbal classic books: Dosage: An infusion is prepared using 4 teaspoons of herb per cup of water and is drunk up to three times per day. The tincture is taken in doses of 1 teaspoon up to three times per day. Three teaspoonfuls of the herb can be taken daily in the form of a hot tea. To prepare the tea, do not boil, but leave the herb to steep in scalding hot water.
 Contraindications, Precautions and Adverse Reactions: Savory is safe to use as culinary herbs and herbal remedies. The FDA places savory on its list of foods "Generally Recognized As Safe"(GRAS).

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