Introduction of Squaw Vine:partridgeberry or winter clover.
✵The article gives records of the herb Squaw Vine, its English name, Latin name, property and flavor, its botanical source two plant species, ①.Mitchella repens L., with a detailed introduction to the botanical features of this plant species, the growth characteristics, and ecological environment of this plant species, the features of the herb Squaw Vine, its pharmacological actions, medicinal efficacy, and administration guide.
English Name: Squaw Vine.
Latin Name: Mitchella repens L.
Common Names: Deerberry, one-berry, partridgeberry, winter clover.
Property and flavor: specific.
Brief introduction: This creeping evergreen perennial is native to woodlands and dry areas of eastern and central North America. Its rounded, shiny leaves have white markings. Long stems bear pairs of fragrant, fringed white flowers that merge to form a single bright red berry. The leaves and stems are used medicinally.
Botanical source: Common herbal classics defined the herb Squaw Vine as the leaves and stems of the species (1).Mitchella repens L. It is a plant species of the Mitchella genus, the Rubiaceae family (madder family). The leaves and stems are used medicinally. This commonly used species is introduced:
(1).Mitchella repens L.
Botanical description: Mitchella repens is an evergreen, perennial, a woody creeping herb in the Rubiaceae family; the stem is slender, glabrous, or nearly glabrous, and the stems run along the ground in a vine-like fashion often carpeting an area; Twigs are very delicate and barely woody. They are pale green to brown. Leaves are opposite, with two types, large leaves are triangular-ovate or ovate, 1~2.1 cm long, 7~15 mm wide, the apex is sharp or round, the base is truncated or rounded, the margin is sparsely toothed, glabrous on both sides; 2~3 lateral veins on each side, inconspicuous on both sides; petiole grows up to 1.1 cm long, glabrous or nearly glabrous; small leaves are ovate to positive round, 2~3 mm long; stipules grow between petioles, triangular;
Flowers are solitary and grow in leaf axils at forks of cymose branches; pedicels are about 8 mm long; the calyx is hemispherical, with 4 teeth at the top; corolla is funnel-shaped, white, about 15 mm long, 4-lobed eaves, throat and the inner surface of lobes coated with hairs; Fruit is nearly spherical, red when ripe, about 8 mm in diameter; fruit stem is about 8 mm long; flowering in autumn, fruiting in winter.
Ecological environment: Mitchella repens is found naturally in forests, stream-banks, on rotten logs, and in bottomlands and other wet habitats throughout eastern and central North America, it also grows in the north of Taiwan, lower reaches of the Yangtze river, Wuyi mountain of China, some other area of East Asia.
Growth characteristics: Gardeners favor the plant as an ornamental ground cover.
Pharmacological actions: ①.anti-diarrheal; ②.astringent, etc.
The herb contains tannins, has astringent and antidiarrheal effects, and stops or relieves diarrhea by reducing inflammation in the intestines. But no research supports the herb's use for menstrual irregularities, hastening childbirth, or in any other way affecting the uterus.
Medicinal efficacy: Traditionally, the tea made from the leaves of Squaw vine was used by women of various Native American tribes to hasten and facilitate childbirth during the final weeks of pregnancy. The tea stimulates the uterus. It is recommended by some modern herbalists for preparing a woman's womb for childbirth and for relieving menstrual pain or irregularity at other times, as an astringent and effective for diarrhea, as a diuretic, and useful for certain fluid retention and some urinary problems. The berry was used for insomnia, rheumatic pains, poor milk flow in nursing women, and other disorders.
Administration of Squaw Vine (partridgeberry):
Administration Guide of Squaw Vine (partridgeberry)
Herbal classic books:
Dosage: The liquid extract is taken in doses of 4 ml. Take commercial preparations according to package directions.
Contraindications, Precautions and Adverse Reactions: Scientists know very little about the safety profile of this herb. To be safe, pregnant women may want to avoid squaw vine, given its reputation as a uterine stimulant, even though data to indicate that it affects the human uterus in any way cannot be found.
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1.Introduction of Squaw Vine:partridgeberry or winter clover.