Introduction of Wild Strawberry:Mountain Strawberry or wood strawberry.
✵The article gives records of the herb Wild Strawberry, its English name, Latin name, property and flavor, its botanical source two plant species, ①.Fragaria vesca L., with a detailed introduction to the botanical features of this plant species, the growth characteristics, and ecological environment of this plant species, the features of the herb Wild Strawberry, its pharmacological actions, medicinal efficacy, and administration guide.
Wild Strawberry(Mountain Strawberry).
English Name: Wild Strawberry.
Latin Name: Fragaria vesca L.
Common Names: Woodland strawberry, wood strawberry, Alpine Strawberry, Mountain Strawberry, Wild Strawberry.
Property and flavor: specific.
Brief introduction: This low-growing perennial spreads by means of underground runners. Stems emerging above ground sports clusters of bright green three-part leaves. White-petaled flowers appear in May and fall off in late summer, at which point the flower receptacle becomes a bright red berry. The leaves, fruit, and root are used medicinally. The plant is native to temperate regions of Europe and Asia and can be found across North America.
Botanical source: Common herbal classics defined the herb Wild Strawberry as the leaves, fruit, and root of the species (1).Fragaria vesca L. It is a plant species of the Fragaria genus, the Rosaceae family (rose family). The leaves, fruit, and root are used medicinally. This commonly used species is introduced:
(1).Fragaria vesca L.
Botanical description: Fragaria vesca is a perennial, herbaceous plant that grows from 20 to 30 cm high. The rhizome is cylindrical, horizontal, or crooked and thickly covered with residual dead leaves and stipules. Long runners grow from the axils of the basal leaves. The stem is upright and is slightly longer than the basal leaves. The cauline leaves are trifoliate and roughly serrate from the first quarter upward. The petioles are very long and, like the stem, have patent hairs. The stipules are lanceolate, long-acuminate, entire-margined, reddish brown, glabrous above, and hairy beneath.
The small white flowers are arranged on a repeatedly bifurcated pedicle. They are usually androgynous. There are 5 sepals and 5 petals. The sepals are triangular, pointed, or appressed pubescent. The petals are orbicular or ovate, glabrous, and pure white. There are 20 stamens and numerous ovate, glabrous carpels, and a style at the side. After flowering, the receptacle turns into a fleshy false fruit. The receptacle is 2 cm long, ovate, globular or clavate, and red when ripe. The nutlets are ovate, 0.8~1.5 mm long, brown, and matte.
Ecological environment: Fragaria vesca is found in almost all the temperate zones of Europe and Asia.
Characters of herbs: Strawberry leaf is the dried leaf of Fragaria species, mainly Fragaria vesca. The leaves are collected in the wild and air-dried in a shady place.
Pharmacological actions: ①.tannins and astringent; ②.anti-ulcer properties, etc.
The herb contains some tannins and has astringent properties, tannins constrict tissue and control bleeding and are believed to relieve diarrhea by reducing inflammation in the intestines.
The herb wild strawberry has anti-ulcer properties.
Medicinal efficacy: Wild strawberry leaves are used as an alternative to ordinary tea, it was used as a mild astringent for diarrhea and stomach upset, to stimulate the appetite, it was used for arthritis and gout, and as cleansing diuretics. Leaf preparations were used for rashes and wounds, lotions were applied to minor burns and scapes, and gargles were used to treat sore throats. The fruits were used as a popular cosmetic to whiten the complexion and lighten freckles, to remove tartar and tooth stains, the fresh fruits have laxative properties, poultice of crushed fruits is applied to relieve skin inflammations and sunburns.
Administration of Wild Strawberry (Mountain Strawberry):
Administration Guide of Wild Strawberry (Mountain Strawberry)
Herbal classic books:
Dosage: An infusion is prepared using 1 teaspoon of chopped leaves per cup of water. To control diarrhea, it is drunk several times per day. As an anti-diarrheal agent, several cups per day. To prepare an infusion, add 4 grams of herb to 150 ml of boiling water. To prepare a decoction, boil 375 grams of green leaves with 1.5-liter water until only 550 ml remains.
Contraindications, Precautions and Adverse Reactions: No reports of significant adverse reactions have been linked to the use of wild strawberries as a herbal remedy, although no formal studies have apparently been done. If you are sensitive to regular strawberries, be aware that the wild strawberry leaves and fruits used in many teas and other preparations may cause allergic reactions.
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1.Introduction of Wild Strawberry:Mountain Strawberry or wood strawberry.