Introduction of Bào Mǎ Zǐ Pí:Syringa reticulata stem-bark or Cortex Syringae.

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The article gives records of the herb Syringa reticulata stem-bark, its English name, Latin name, property and flavor, its botanical source one plant species, ①.Syringa reticulata(Bl.) Hara var.mandshurica(Maxim.) Hara., with a detailed introduction to the botanical features of this plant species, the growth characteristics, and ecological environment of this plant species, the features of the herb Syringa reticulata stem-bark, its pharmacological actions, medicinal efficacy, and administration guide.

Cortex Syringae.

Syringa reticulata stem-bark:herb photo Pin Yin Name: Bào Mǎ Zǐ Pí.
 English Name: Syringa reticulata stem-bark.
 Latin Name: Cortex Syringae.
 Property and flavor: slight warm, pungent, bitter.

 Brief introduction: The herb Cortex Syringae is the dried stem-bark of Syringa reticulata(Bl.) Hara var.mandshurica(Maxim.) Hara, used as an antipyretic, antitussive and diuretic for treating acute or chronic bronchitis, asthma, and cardiac edema. The herb is commonly known as Cortex Syringae, Bào Mǎ Zǐ Pí.

 Botanical source: The herb Cortex Syringae is the dried stem-bark of Syringa reticulata(Bl.) Hara var.mandshurica(Maxim.) Hara, it is a plant of Syringa Linn. Genus, the Oleaceae family (olive family) of the Contortae order. It is also known as Bào Mǎ Zǐ Pí.

 Syringa reticulata:flowering tree Herbal classic book defined the herb Cortex Syringae as the dried stem-bark of:(1). Syringa reticulata(Bl.) Hara var.mandshurica(Maxim.) Hara. This commonly used species is introduced:

(1).Syringa reticulata(Bl.)Hara var.mandshurica(Maxim.)Hara.

 Botanical description: Small deciduous trees, 4~10 meters tall. Bark is purple-grayish brown, with fine cracks. Branch is green or slightly purple halo, sparse lenticels. Leaves are opposite; Petiole is 1~2.5 cm long, glabrous; Leaf blade is thickly papery, broadly ovate, ovate to elliptic ovate, or oblong-lanceolate, 2.5~13 cm long, 1~6 cm wide, apex is shortly caudate to caudate acuminate or pointed, base often rounded. Panicles growing from 1 to 1 at most opposite lateral shoots on the same branch; Inflorescence axis is lenticular; Pedicels 2 mm long; Calyx 1.5~2 mm long, calyx teeth obtuse, convex or truncated; Corolla is white, radial, 4~5 mm in diameter, corolla tube ca. 1.5 mm, lobes ovate, 2~3 mm long, apex is pointed; Filaments slender, stamens nearly twice as long as corolla lobes, anthers yellow. Capsularfruit is oblong, 1.5~2 cm long, apex often obtuse, or pointed, convex, smooth or with minute lenticels. The tree is flowering from June to July, fruiting from August to October.

 Syringa reticulata:flowering tree Ecological environment: The plant grows in thickets, forest margins, or mixed coniferous and broad-leaved forests on slopes with an altitude of 100~1,200 meters above sea level. Cultivated. Resources distribution: The plant is mainly distributed in the north, west north, and other areas of China.

 Growth characteristics: The tree grows in thickets, forest margins or mixed coniferous broad-leaved forests on the slopes at an altitude of 100~1,200 meters above sea level, it is also cultivated.

 Characters of herbs: The herb is in the form of groove or roller, with different lengths, the thickness is 2~4 mm. The outer surface is dark grayish brown, the tender cortex is smooth and shiny, and the old cortex is rough and coarse, striated. The transverse lenticels are oval and dark yellow; The cortex is thin and tough, which can be torn horizontally, and the peeling place is dark yellow-green. The inner surface is light yellowish brown. The texture of the herb is brittle, easily broken, the fracture surface is irregular. The herb is lightly fragrant, has a bitter taste.

 Pharmacological actions: ①.Expectorant Effects; ②.Antiasthmatic effect; ③.reduce Ⅲ bronchial epithelium hypertrophy; ④.Bacteriostatic Effect; ⑤.Antipyretic Effect.

 Medicinal efficacy: Open the inhibited lung-energy and resolving phlegm, relieve cough and prevent asthma, alleviate water retention, indicated for chronic bronchitis, asthma, cardiac edema.

 Administration of Cortex Syringae (Bào Mǎ Zǐ Pí): 
Reference: Administration Guide of Cortex Syringae (Bào Mǎ Zǐ Pí)
TCM Books: ①.Internally:0.5~1 liang(about 15~30 grams), ②.water decoction; ③.or water decoction, 15~30 grams, or prepare to finely ground herb powder and prepared to pill, powder.

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