Introduction of Bào Mǎ Zǐ Pí:Syringa reticulata stem-bark or Cortex Syringae.

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The article gives records of the herb Syringa reticulata stem-bark, its English name, Latin name, property and flavor, its botanical source one plant species, ①.Syringa reticulata (Bl.) Hara var .mandshurica (Maxim.) Hara., with a detailed introduction to the botanical features of this plant species, the growth characteristics, and ecological environment of this plant species, the features of the herb Syringa reticulata stem-bark, its pharmacological actions, medicinal efficacy, and administration guide.

Cortex Syringae.

Syringa reticulata stem-bark:herb photo Pin Yin Name: Bào Mǎ Zǐ Pí.
 English Name: Syringa reticulata stem-bark.
 Latin Name: Cortex Syringae.
 Property and flavor: slight warm, pungent, bitter.

 Brief introduction: The herb Cortex Syringae is the dried stem-bark of Syringa reticulata (Bl.) Hara var .mandshurica (Maxim.) Hara., used as an antipyretic, antitussive and diuretic for treating acute or chronic bronchitis, asthma, and cardiac edema. The herb is commonly known as Cortex Syringae, Bào Mǎ Zǐ Pí.

 Botanical source: The herb Cortex Syringae is the dried stem-bark of Syringa reticulata (Bl.) Hara var .mandshurica (Maxim.) Hara., it is a plant of Syringa Linn. Genus, the Oleaceae family (olive family) of the Contortae order. It is also known as Bào Mǎ Zǐ Pí.

 Herbal classic book defined the herb Cortex Syringae as the dried stem-bark of:(1). Syringa reticulata (Bl.) Hara var.mandshurica (Maxim.) Hara. This commonly used species is introduced:

(1).Syringa reticulata (Bl.) Hara var .mandshurica (Maxim.) Hara.


 Syringa reticulata:flowering tree Botanical description: Syringa reticulata (Bl.) Hara var .mandshurica (Maxim.) Hara is also known as Syringa reticulata (Bl.) Hara var.amurensis (Rupr.) Pringle., or Syringa amurensis Rupr., or Bào Mǎ Dīng Xiāng. Deciduous small trees, the tree grows up to 4~10 meters tall. The bark is purple-grayish brown, has fine cracks. Branches of the current year are green or slightly have a purple halo and sparse lenticels. Simple leaves are opposite; petioles are 1~2.5 cm long, glabrous; leaf blades are thickly chartaceous (papery), broadly ovate, ovate to elliptic ovate or oblong-lanceolate, 2.5~13 cm long, 1~6 cm wide, the apex is shortly caudate to caudate acuminate or pointed, the base is usually rounded.

 Panicles grow from a single pair to a multi-pair of lateral shoots inserted on the same branch; the floral axis (rachis) has lenticels; pedicels are 2 mm long; calyx is 1.5~2 mm long, calyx teeth are obtuse, convex or truncated; the corolla is white, rotates, is 4~5 mm in diameter, corolla tube is about 1.5 mm long, lobes are oval (egg-shaped), 2~3 mm long, the apex is pointed; filaments are slender (thin and long), stamens are nearly two times the length of the corolla lobes, anthers are yellow.

 Capsularfruit is oblong oval, 1.5~2 cm long, the apex is often obtuse, or pointed, convex, smooth, or has fine lenticels. The tree is in flower from June to July, and its fruiting period is from August to October.

 Syringa reticulata:flowering tree Ecological environment: The tree grows in thickets, forest edges, or mixed coniferous broad-leaved forest on slopes at altitudes of 100~1,200 meters above sea level. The tree is also cultivated. Resources distribution: The tree is mainly distributed in the northern and west-north areas and other areas of China.

 Growth characteristics: The tree grows in thickets, forest edges, or mixed coniferous broad-leaved forest on slopes at altitudes of 100~1,200 meters above sea level. The tree is also cultivated.

 Characters of herbs: The herb is in the form of a shallow groove, or clintheriform, slightly concave, different in length, and the thickness is 2~4 mm. The outer surface is dark grayish brown, the tender cortex is smooth and glossy, and the old cortex is rough and coarse, with lines from the formation of cracking. The transverse lenticels are elliptical, maple (pale brown), cork bark is thin and tough, which is strip-shaped and transverse, and the peeling part is yellowish (light yellow) to light yellow-green, slightly glossy. The inner surface is yellowish (light yellow) to light yellowish brown. The texture of the herb is brittle and easily broken, and the fracture surface is untidy. The herb is lightly fragrant and has a bitter taste.

 Pharmacological actions: ①.Expectorant Effects; ②.Antiasthmatic effect; ③.reduce Ⅲ bronchial epithelium hypertrophy; ④.Bacteriostatic Effect; ⑤.Antipyretic Effect.

 Medicinal efficacy: Open the inhibited lung-energy and resolving phlegm, relieve cough and prevent asthma, alleviate water retention, indicated for chronic bronchitis, asthma, cardiac edema.

 Administration of Cortex Syringae (Bào Mǎ Zǐ Pí): 
 
Reference: Administration Guide of Cortex Syringae (Bào Mǎ Zǐ Pí)
TCM Books: ①.Internally:0.5~1 liang (about 15~30 grams), ②.water decoction; ③.water decoction, 15~30 grams, or prepare to finely ground herb powder and prepared to pill, powder.

 

 
  

 

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References:
  • 1.Introduction of Bào Mǎ Zǐ Pí:Syringa reticulata stem-bark or Cortex Syringae.

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