Introduction of Zi Hua Di Ding:Violet Herb or Herba Violae.

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The article gives records of the herb Violet Herb, its English name, Latin name, property and flavor, its botanical source one plant species, ①.Viola yedoensis Makino., with a detailed introduction to the botanical features of this plant species, the growth characteristics, and ecological environment of this plant species, the features of the herb Violet Herb, its pharmacological actions, medicinal efficacy, and administration guide.

Herba Violae(Violet Herb).

dried herb pieces of Violet Herb Pin Yin Name: Zǐ Huā Dì Dīnɡ.
 English Name: Violet Herb.
 Latin Name: Herba Violae.
 Property and flavor: cold, bitter, pungent.

 Brief introduction: The herb Herba Violae is the dried herb of Viola yedoensis Makino, used to clear heat and counteract toxins for the treatment of acute pyogenic infections such as boils, sores and abscesses, and also for venomous snake-bite. The herb is commonly known as Herba Violae, Violet Herb, Zǐ Huā Dì Dīnɡ.

 Botanical source: The herb Herba Violae (Violet Herb) is the dried herb of Viola yedoensis Makino., it is a plant of the Viola L. genus, the Violaceae family (violet family) of the Malpighiales order. This commonly used species is introduced:

(1).Viola yedoensis Makino.

 flowering plant of Viola yedoensis Makino with purple flowers Botanical description: Viola yedoensis Makino is a plant of the Violaceae family (violet family) and Viola genus, it is also known as Viola philipica Cav., Viola confusa Champ., it is commonly known as Ye Jin Cai, Guang Ban Jin Cai.

 A perennial herb, the plant grows up to 4~14 cm tall, up to over 20 cm tall in the fruit phase. Rhizomes are short, perpendicular, hazel (pale brown), 4~13 mm long, and 2~7 mm in diameter; nodes are dense, have several radicels (rootlets). Leaves are many, basal, rosette; petioles are 1~2 times longer than leaf blades in the anthesis (flowering period), have narrow wings, up to over 10 cm in the fruit phase, the upper part has wider wings; leaf blades on the lower part are usually smaller, triangular-ovate or narrowly ovate, leaf blades on the upper part are longer, long circular, narrowly ovate-lanceolate or oblong-ovate, 1.5~4 cm long, 0.5~1 cm wide, the apex is blunt, the base is truncated or cuneate, sparsely slightly cordate, margins are comparatively flat crenate, both surfaces are glabrous or covered with thin short hairs, the leaf blade is enlarged in fruit phase; stipule is membraneous, pale or pea green (pale green), 2/3~4/5 connate with petiole, the free part is linear-lanceolate.

 a purple flower of Viola yedoensis Makino. Peduncles are usually many, thin and weak, equal length as leaf blade or higher than leaf blade; flowers are violet or mauve (lilac), sparsely white, throat part is in faint colors with purple stripes; 5 sepals, ovate-lanceolate or lanceolate, basal appendages are short, end tip is circular or truncate; flower petals 5, obovate or oblong-obovate; calcar is fine tubular, 4~8 mm long, end tip is round; 5 stamens, anther is about 2 mm long, appendage at the front end of the septum is about 1.5 mm long; the ovary is oval (egg-shaped), glabrous, style is clavate, slightly longer than the ovary, the base is slightly geniculate, stigma is triangular.

 Capsularfruit is long circular, 5~12 mm long, glabrous; seeds are ovoid, 1.8 mm long, primrose yellow (pale yellow). The flowering period and fruiting period are from mid-April to September.

 flowering plants of Viola yedoensis Makino grow in a cluster with many purple flowers Ecological environment: The plant grows in fields, wasteland, grass on hillsides and mountain slopes, forest edges or bushes. It is distributed in most areas of China.

 Growth characteristics: The plant Viola yedoensis Makino prefers a warm or cool climate. One should avoid waterlogging, and it is advisable to choose a field with good drainage, sandy loam, and clay loam for cultivation, and should not cultivate the plant in low-lying land or areas prone to water logging.

 dried herb pieces and segments of Violet Herb Characters of herbs: The whole herb mostly shrivels to a lump. The main root (tap root) is oblong and conical, pale yellowish-brown, 1~3 mm in diameter, with fine longitudinal striations. The leaves are celadon (sage green or grayish green), flattened leaves are lanceolate or ovate-lanceolate, 4~10 cm long, 1~4 cm wide, the apex is blunt, the base is truncated or slightly cordate, the edge has crenatures, and both surfaces are covered with hairs; petiole has narrow wings, 2~6 cm long, and the upper part has obvious narrow wings. The scapes (flower stalks) are slender; the flowers are mauve (lilac), petal calcar is fine tubular. The capsularfruit is elliptic or split into three carpels, and many seeds. The herb has a slight odor, it tastes slightly bitter and slightly sticky. The herb of a better grade is green, yellow roots.

 Pharmacological actions: ①.inhibit the growth of tuberculosis bacilli in the test tube, it has an antiviral effect; ②.antagonistic effect on endotoxin.

 Medicinal efficacy: Clear heat and detoxify, cool blood and detumescence (reduce swelling). It is indicated for malignant boils and furuncle, ulcer grows on back, erysipelas, venomous snake bites.

 Administration of Herba Violae (Zǐ Huā Dì Dīnɡ): 
Reference: Administration Guide of Herba Violae (Zǐ Huā Dì Dīnɡ)
TCM Books: ①.Internally:15~30 grams. Externally: fresh herb proper amount, mashed and apply stick at the affected area; ②.Internally: water decoction, 15~30 grams. Externally: fresh herb proper amount, mashed, and apply stick at the affected area.




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  • 1.Introduction of Zi Hua Di Ding:Violet Herb or Herba Violae.

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