Introduction of Zi Hua Di Ding:Violet Herb or Herba Violae.

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The TCM herbalism is also known as pharmaceutics of Traditional Chinese Medicine, or Chinese pharmaceutics, is the branch of health science dealing with the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of Chinese herbs. It is majorly composed of Introduction of Chinese Medicinals, Classification of Chinese Herbs, Formulas, and Patent medicines.

Classifications of Herbs:Herbs Clearing Heat and Counteracting Toxins.

 TCM Herbs Icon05 Introduction:Herbs Clearing Heat and Counteracting Toxins:an agent or substance herbs that counteracts heat toxins or fire toxins, mainly indicated in the treatment of boils, sores, abscess, erysipelas, epidemic infectious diseases, mumps, dysentery, insect or snake bite, and burns.

 
Herba Violae(Violet Herb).

Violet Herb:dried herb Pin Yin Name: Zǐ Huā Dì Dīnɡ.
 English Name: Violet Herb.
 Latin Name: Herba Violae.
 Property and flavor: cold, bitter, pungent.

 Brief introduction: The herb Herba Violae is the dried herb of Viola yedoensis Makino(family Violaceae), used to clear heat and counteract toxins for the treatment of acute pyogenic infections such as boils, sores and abscesses, and also for venomous snake-bite. The herb is commonly known as Herba Violae, Violet Herb, Zǐ Huā Dì Dīnɡ.

 Botanical source: The herb Herba Violae(Violet Herb) is the dried herb of Viola yedoensis Makino., it is a plant of the Viola L. genus, the Violaceae family of the Malpighiales order. This commonly used species is introduced as:

(1).Viola yedoensis Makino.


 Viola yedoensis Makino.:flowering plant Botanical description: The Viola yedoensis Makino., is a plant of the Violaceae family and Viola genus, perennial herb, without stems above ground, 4~14 cm tall, fruiting up to 20 cm tall. Rhizomes short, vertical, light brown, 4~13 mm long, 2~7 mm thick, densely hatched, with several light brown or nearly white fine roots. Leaves mostly, basal, rosettelike; leaf blade usually lower smaller, triangular-ovate or narrowly ovate, upper ones long, oblong, narrowly ovate-lanceolate or oblong-ovate, 1.5~4 cm, 0.5~1 cm wide, apex rounded, base truncate or cuneate, sparsely cordate, margins flattened crenate, both surfaces glabrous or minutely short-bred, sometimes just below along leaf veins short hairs In fruiting period, the leaves are enlarged, and the length can reach more than 10 centimeters and the width can reach 4 centimeters. The petiole is usually 1~2 times longer than the leaves at the flowering stage, the upper part has extremely narrow wings, and the fruiting period can reach more than 10 centimeters. Wing wide, glabrous or shortly slender; stipules membranous, pale or pale green, 1.5~2.5 cm long, 2-3-3-4/5 connate with petiole, free part linear-lanceolate, margin sparsely fimbriate, finely toothed or nearly entire glands.

 Viola yedoensis Makino.:flower Flowers medium-sized, purplish or lavender, thinly white, throat lighter with purple stripes; pedicels usually mostly thin, as long as leaves or taller than leaves, glabrous or shortly hairy, near middle 2 bracteoles linear; bracts ovate-lanceolate or lanceolate, 5~7 mm long, apex acuminate, base appendages short, 1~1.5 mm long, distally rounded or truncate, margin membranous White rimless, glabrous or shortly hairy; petals obovate or oblong-obovate, lateral petals long, 1~1.2 cm, inside glabrous or bearded, below petals 1.3~2 cm long, with purple veins inside From the thin tube, 4~8 mm long, round at the end; anther length approx. 2 mm, appendage at the top of the septum ca. 1.5 mm, lower 2 stamens at the back, narrow tube, 4~6 mm long, slightly slender at ends Ovary ovate, glabrous, style clavate, slightly longer than ovary, base slightly geniculate, stigma triangular, slightly thickened on both sides and rear to slightly bulging rim, slightly flattened at the top, shortly beaked in front. Capsule fruit oblong, 5~12 mm long, glabrous; seeds ovoid, 1.8 mm long, pale yellow flower. The fruiting period is from mid-late April to September.

 Viola yedoensis Makino.:flowering plants in cluster Ecological environment: The plant grows in fields, wasteland, hillside grass, forest edge, or thicket. It distributes in most areas of China.

 Growth characteristics: The plant Viola yedoensis Makino prefers a warm or cool climate. To avoid waterlogging, it is advisable to choose sandy loam and clay loam with good drainage, and not to cultivate in low-lying land or areas prone to water accumulation.

 Violet Herb:fresh herb Characters of herbs: this herb is more wrinkled into a group. Taproots yellowish-brown, 1~3 mm in diameter, with fine longitudinal lines. Leaves grayish-green, lanceolate or ovate-lanceolate after flattening, 4~10 cm long, 1~4 cm wide, apex obtuse, apex obtuse, base truncates or slightly cordate, margin indented serrate, both surfaces hairy; Petiole has narrow wings. Flower stem slender; Flowers mauve, petals from slender tubular. Capsule elliptic or split into three fruit what, most seeds. Slightly bitter and slightly sticky. The color green, yellow root for the best.

 Pharmacological actions: ①.inhibit the growth of tuberculosis bacilli in the test tube, it has an antiviral effect; ②.antagonistic effect on endotoxin.

 Medicinal efficacy: Clear heat and detoxify, cool blood and detumescence(reduce swelling). It is indicated for malignant boils and furuncle, ulcer grows on back, erysipelas, venomous snake bites.

 Administration of Herba Violae(Zǐ Huā Dì Dīnɡ): 
 
Reference: Administration Guide of Herba Violae(Zǐ Huā Dì Dīnɡ)
TCM Books: Internally:15~30 grams. Externally: fresh herb proper amount, mashed and apply stick at the affected area(CP), Internally: water decoction, 15~30 grams. Externally: fresh herb proper amount, mashed, and apply stick at the affected area(CHMM).

 
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References:
  • 1.Introduction of Zi Hua Di Ding:Violet Herb or Herba Violae.
  • 2.TCM Books:DCTM(Dictionary of the Chinese Traditional Medicine),CHMM(Chinese Herbal Materia Medica).

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