Introduction of Mi Meng Hua:Pale Butterfly-bush Flower or Flos Buddlejae.
✵The article gives records of the herb Pale Butterfly-bush Flower, its English name, Latin name, property and flavor, its botanical source one plant species, ①.Buddleja officinalis Maxim., with a detailed introduction to the botanical features of this plant species, the growth characteristics, and ecological environment of this plant species, the features of the herb Pale Butterfly-bush Flower, its pharmacological actions, medicinal efficacy, and administration guide.
Flos Buddlejae(Pale Butterfly-bush Flower).
Pin Yin Name: Mì Ménɡ Huā.
English Name: Pale Butterfly-bush Flower.
Latin Name: Flos Buddlejae.
Property and flavor: slightly cold, sweet.
Brief introduction: The herb Flos Buddlejae is the dried flower-bud and inflorescence of Buddleja officinalis Maxim., used to clear liver heat and remove nebula for the treatment of acute conjunctivitis with lacrimation and photophobia, and blurred vision due to nebula. The herb is commonly known as Flos Buddlejae, Pale Butterfly-bush Flower or Mì Ménɡ Huā.
Botanical source: The herb Flos Buddlejae (Pale Butterfly-bush Flower) is the dried flower-bud and inflorescence of Buddleja Officinalis Maxim., it is a plant of the Buddleia L. genus, the Loganiaceae family of the Contortae order.
Herbal classic book defined the herb Flos Buddlejae (Pale Butterfly-bush Flower) as the dried flower-bud and inflorescence of (1). Buddleja officinalis Maxim. This commonly used species is introduced:
(1).Buddleja officinalis Maxim.
Botanical description: Deciduous shrub, the plant grows up to 1~3 meters tall. Branchlets are grayish brown, slightly prismatic, densely grayish tomentose. Leaves are opposite, narrowly elliptic to linear-lanceolate, 5~15 cm long, 3 cm wide, apex acuminate, base cuneate, entire-edge or slightly serrate, surface is covered with fine stellate hairs, veins sunken, undersurface is densely covered with grayish to yellow stellate hairs, veins raised; Petiole is 6~10 mm long, covered with gray fuzz; Stipules are atrophic to a horizontal line at base of two petioles. Panicles are terminal, 5~12 cm long, densely grayish pilose, bracts are lanceolate, tomentose; Calyx campanulate, apex 4-lobed; Corolla is tubular, ca. 1.5 cm long, apex 4 lobed, tube violet, mouth orange, inside and outside pilose; 4 stamens, inserted in middle of corolla tube; Ovary is superior, 2-locular, apex tomentose, style short, stigma undivided. Capsularfruit is 2~6 mm long, 2-lobed, base with persistent calyx and petals. Seeds are numerous, fine, much flattened. Its flowering period is lasting for 2 or 3 months, fruiting period is from July to August.
Ecological environment: The plant grows on hillsides, hills, rivers, bushes or bushes near villages. The plant is distributed in south and northwest, southwest area of China. It is mainly produced in provinces Henan, Hubei, Sichuan.
Growth characteristics: The plant grows on the hillside, hill, river side, in the bush or grass near the village.
Characters of herbs: The herb is mostly a small branch of inflorescence with dense flower buds, with irregular cone shape, 1.5~3 cm long. The surface is grayish yellow or brownish yellow, densely covered with fuzz. A single flower bud is short, with a slightly larger upper end, 0.3~1 cm in length and 0.1~0.2 cm in diameter. The calyx is campanulate, apex 4-toothed; the corolla is tubular, as long as or slightly longer than the calyx, apex 4-lobed, lobes are ovate; 4 stamens, inserted in the middle of the corolla tube. The texture of the herb is soft, the herb smells slightly fragrant, it tastes slightly bitter and pungent. The herb of better grade has dense buds, grayish yellow color, with fuzz and the texture of the herb is soft.
Pharmacological actions: ①.vitamin P-like effects; ②.reduce formaldehyde inflammation; ③.reduce the permeability and fragility of the blood vessels in the skin and small intestine; ④.spasmolysis effect; ⑤.relaxation effect on the bile duct smooth muscle.
Medicinal efficacy: Dispels wind, cools blood, moistens liver, brightens eyes. It is indicated for eye red and swollen pain, more tears and photophobia, glaucoma(blue blindness, optic atrophy) and nebula, wind dizziness and eye ulcer.
Administration of Flos Buddlejae (Mì Ménɡ Huā):
Administration Guide of Flos Buddlejae (Mì Ménɡ Huā)
①.Internally:3~9 grams; ②.Internally:water decoction, 1~3 qian (about 3~9 grams), or prepare to pill,powder.
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1.Introduction of Mi Meng Hua:Pale Butterfly-bush Flower or Flos Buddlejae.