Introduction of Cao Dou Kou:Katsumada Galangal Seed or Semen Alpiniae Katsumadai.

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The article gives records of the herb Katsumada Galangal Seed, its English name, Latin name, property and flavor, its botanical source one plant species, ①.Alpinia katsumadai Hayat., with a detailed introduction to the botanical features of this plant species, the growth characteristics, and ecological environment of this plant species, the features of the herb Katsumada Galangal Seed, its pharmacological actions, medicinal efficacy, and administration guide.

Semen Alpiniae Katsumadai(Katsumada Galangal Seed).

Semen Alpiniae Katsumadai:herb photo Pin Yin Name: Cǎo Dòu Kòu.
 English Name: Katsumada Galangal Seed.
 Latin Name: Semen Alpiniae Katsumadai.
 Property and flavor: warm, pungent.

 Brief introduction: The herb Semen Alpiniae Katsumadai is the dried seed of Alpinia katsumadai Hayata(family zingiberaceae), used to dry dampness, move Qi, and warm the middle for relieving gastralgia, vomiting, and diarrhea due to accumulation of cold-damp or Qi stagnation in the spleen and stomach. The herb is commonly known as Katsumade Galangal Seed, Seed of Katsumada Galangal, Cǎo Dòu Kòu.

 Botanical source: Common famous herbal classics and official herbal classics defined the herb Semen Alpiniae Katsumadai(Katsumada Galangal Seed) as the dried seed of the species (1). Alpinia katsumadai Hayat., it is a plant of the Amomum genus, the Zingiberaceae family, the Zingiberales order. This commonly used species is introduced as:

(1).Alpinia katsumadai Hayat.

 Alpinia katsumadai Hayat.:growing plant Botanical description: It is commonly known as Cǎo Dòu Kòu. Perennial herbs, 1.5~3 meters tall. Petiole length 1.5~2 cm; Leaf blade narrowly elliptic or linear-lanceolate, 50~65 cm long, 6~9 cm wide, apex acuminate, base acuminate, margin hairy, both surfaces glabrous or sparsely hirsute only below; Leaf tongue egg vegetables, 5~8 mm long, covered with coarse hair. Raceme terminal, erect, 20~30 cm long, raceme axis densely hirsute, pedicel ca. 3 meters long, bracteoles milky white, broadly elliptic, ca. 3.5 cm long, apex obtuse, base connate; Calyx campanulate, white, 1.5~2.5 cm long, apex irregularly 3-obtuse, 1-sided deeply lobed, outer hairy; Corolla white, corolla tube ca. 8 mm long, 3 lobes, oblong, upper lobes larger, ca. 3.5 cm long, ca. Lateral staminodes lanceolate, 4 mm long or sometimes absent; 1 stamens, 2.2~2.5 cm long, anthers elliptic, septum abaxially covered with glandular hair, filaments flattened, length is about 1.5 cm. Ovary ovoid, inferior, densely covered with pale yellow silky hair. Capsule suborbicular, ca. 3 cm in diameter, hirsute, yellow when ripe. Its flowering period is from April to June, fruiting from June to August.

 Alpinia katsumadai Hayat.:growing shrubs Ecological environment: the plant grows in mountainous areas, sparse forests, gullies, rivers, and wet forest margins. Resource distribution: the plant distributes in the Zhujiang river area, Hainan, and other areas of China.

 Growth characteristics: The plant Alpinia katsumadai prefers a warm and humid climate and semi-shade environment. In the sparse forest layer deep, fertile loose loam is appropriate for cultivation. Seeds and ramets are used for propagation.

 Alpinia katsumadai Hayat.:green fruits Characters of herbs: The herb is a seed ball, spherical or elliptical, with obvious 3 blunt edges and 3 shallow grooves, 1.5~3 cm long and 1.5~3 cm in diameter. The surface is grayish brown or yellowish-brown; There is a yellowish-white or light brown diaphragm in the middle, which divides the seed ball into three chambers, each of which contains 22~90~110 seeds, which are tightly adhered, difficult to disperse, and slightly smooth. The seed is an oval polyhedron with a length of 3~5 mm and a diameter of 2.5~3 mm, slightly raised on the back, there is a round-nest-shaped hilum at the thicker end, a longitudinal groove on the ventral surface, there is a light brown seed ridge along the longitudinal groove from the hilum to the chalaza, and a longitudinal groove along the chalaza to the back, the end of the groove not reaching the hilum. The texture of the herb is hard, the fracture surface is milky white. The herb has an aromatic fragrance, it tastes pungent, spicy, and slightly bitter. The herb of better grade is big, full, with a strong fragrance.

 Katsumada Galangal Seed:herb photo Pharmacological actions: ①.inhibitory effect on Staphylococcus aureus, Bacterium dyseioteriae and Escherichia coli; ②.excitatory effect on isolated guinea pig intestines.

 Medicinal efficacy: Drying the dampness and invigorate the spleen, warm the stomach and stop vomiting, warm the middle energizer, dispel cold, and promoting the circulation of Qi. It is indicated for internal stagnation of cold and dampness, cold and pain in the heart and abdomen, epigastric and abdominal distention fullness cold and pain, cold and dampness stagnation of the spleen and stomach, distention and fullness and dyspeptic retention, belching and vomiting, vomiting, vomiting and regurgitation, no appetite, diarrhea with undigested food, cold and dampness vomiting and diarrhea, diarrhea, phlegm and fluid retention, abdominal mass, beriberi, scrambling malaria, halitosis(bad breath), etc.

 Administration of Semen Alpiniae Katsumadai(Cǎo Dòu Kòu): 
Reference: Administration Guide of Semen Alpiniae Katsumadai(Cǎo Dòu Kòu)
TCM Books: ①.Internally:3~6 grams;②.Internally:water decoction, 0.8~1.5 qian(about 2.4~4.5 grams), or prepare to pill,powder;③.Internally:water decoction,3~6 grams,better decoct later,or prepared to pill, powder.

Fragrant Odor for Resolving Dampness Herbs.

 Introduction: Fragrant Odor for Resolving Dampness Herbs: a fragrant agent or substance herbs effective for resolving damp, often used in the treatment of damp syndrome marked by anorexia, lassitude, nausea and vomiting, distension in the chest and abdomen, greasy tongue coating and slippery pulse either in cases of febrile diseases or in other miscellaneous diseases.
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