Introduction of Huang Yuan Hua:Yellow Genkwa Leaf and Flower or Folium et Flos Wikstroemiae Chamaedephnis.

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The article gives records of the herb Chamaedaphne Leaf and Flower,Yellow Genkwa Leaf and Flower., its English name, Latin name, property and flavor, its botanical source one plant species, ①.Wikstroemia chamaedphne Meisn., with a detailed introduction to the botanical features of this plant species, the growth characteristics, and ecological environment of this plant species, the features of the herb Chamaedaphne Leaf and Flower,Yellow Genkwa Leaf and Flower., its pharmacological actions, medicinal efficacy, and administration guide.

Folium et Flos Wikstroemiae Chamaedephnis(Chamaedaphne Leaf and Flower,Yellow Genkwa Leaf and Flower).

Folium et Flos Wikstroemiae Chamaedephnis:herb photo Pin Yin Name: Huáng Yuán Huā.
 English Name: Chamaedaphne Leaf and Flower,Yellow Genkwa Leaf and Flower.
 Latin Name: Folium et Flos Wikstroemiae Chamaedephnis.
 Property and flavor: warm, pungent, mild toxic.

 Brief introduction: The herb Folium et Flos Wikstroemiae Chamaedephnis is the leaf and flower-bud of Wikstroemia chamaedphne Meisn.(family Thymeleaceae), it is used in a similar way to Flos Genkwa, and also for treating acute and chronic hepatitis, schizophrenia, and epilepsy. The herb is commonly known as Folium et Flos Wikstroemiae Chamaedephnis, Chamaedaphne Leaf and Flower, Yellow Genkwa Leaf and Flower, Huáng Yuán Huā.

 Botanical source: Official herbal classics and other famous herbal classics defined the herb Folium et Flos Wikstroemiae Chamaedephnis(Chamaedaphne Leaf and Flower, Yellow Genkwa Leaf and Flower) as the flower-bud of the species (1). Wikstroemia chamaedphne Meisn. It is a plant of the Daphne Linn. Genus, the Thymelaeaceae family of the Myrtales order. This commonly used species is introduced as:

(1).Wikstroemia chamaedphne Meisn.


 Wikstroemia chamaedphne Meisn.:flowering plants Botanical description: It is commonly known as Hé Shuò Ráo Huā. A deciduous small shrub, 30~120 cm tall, branching many and slender, glabrous, old branches brownish yellow, young branches green, easily broken, section visible white spongy fibers. Leaves opposite or subopposite, petiole short. Leaf-blade lanceolate, smooth glabrous, green above, slightly shriveled after drying, grayish-green below, smooth, 2.5~5.5 cm long, 0.2~1 cm wide, entire, apex acute, base cuneate or acuminate, margin slightly rolled down, white spongy fibers at veins visible at fracture. Inflorescences terminal umbel, a constant collection of panicles. Perianth tubular, yellow, apex 4-lobed, 8 stamens, twirling into perianth tube; Ovary inferior, elliptic, stigma short, rounded. Drupe is ovate. Its flowering period is from June to August, fruiting from September. Light smell, taste pungent, astringent, stimulating.

 Wikstroemia chamaedphne Meisn.:flowers Ecological environment: The plant grows on the hillside, roadside, ditch edge, and grass. The plant mainly distributes in the north, northwest, the middle reaches area of the Yellow River, and other areas of China.

 Yellow Genkwa Leaf and Flower:herb photo Characters of herbs: The flowers are rod-shaped or slender cylindrical, mostly scattered in bunches, bisexual, without petals, the calyx is cylindrical and thin, less curved, 3~8 mm long, the surface is light grayish-green or grayish-yellow, densely pubescent, the apex lobes are 1/6-1/4 of the total length, and the back is also pubescent. Anatomically, it can be seen that there are 4 lobes at the apex of calyx, oval, 8 stamens, arranged in 2 rows, inserted in calyx tube, without filaments. The herb has a faint odor, it tastes sweet and spicy. The herb of better grade is fresh, neat, and free of impurities.

 Pharmacological actions: ①.anti-arrhythmia; ②.anti-early pregnancy.

 Medicinal efficacy: Induce diarrhea and hydragogue, wash away the phlegm. It is indicated for abdominal distension and fullness, phlegm and fluid retention, cough and dyspneal fullness, infectious hepatitis, schizophrenia, epilepsy, etc.

 Administration of Folium et Flos Wikstroemiae Chamaedephnis(Huáng Yuán Huā): 
 
Reference: Administration Guide of Folium et Flos Wikstroemiae Chamaedephnis(Huáng Yuán Huā)
TCM Books: ①.Internally:grinded into fine powder, 1.5~3 grams; water decoction, 3~6 grams; for the treatment of schizophrenia,dosage could be gradually up to 6 grams from smaller dosage,water decoction.
 Contraindications, Precautions and Adverse Reactions:should forbidden using the herb Folium et Flos Wikstroemiae Chamaaedephnis during pregnancy, physical weakness.

 
Diuretics and Hydragogues Herbs:Herbs Hydragogues or Drastic Purgatives.

 Introduction: Herbs Hydragogues or Drastic Purgatives: also known as diuretic hydragogue herbs, an agent or substance herbs that causes copious discharge of water through catharsis and at the same time increases urine excretion.
 
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  • 1.Introduction of Huang Yuan Hua:Yellow Genkwa Leaf and Flower or Folium et Flos Wikstroemiae Chamaedephnis.

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