Introduction of Xian He Cao:Hairvein Agrimonia Herb or Herba Agrimoniae.

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The TCM herbalism is also known as pharmaceutics of Traditional Chinese Medicine, or Chinese pharmaceutics, is the branch of health science dealing with the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of Chinese herbs. It is majorly composed of Introduction of Chinese Medicinals, Classification of Chinese Herbs, Formulas, and Patent medicines.

Classifications of Herbs:herbs regulating blood conditions,herbs hemostatics.

 TCM Herbs Icon10 Introduction: herbs regulating blood conditions,herbs hemostatics: the blood-regulating herbs are an agent or substance herbs that has the effects of regulating blood-including arresting bleeding and activating circulation-and tonifying blood.The herbs hemostatics or hemostatic herbs are an agent or substance that arrests bleeding, either internal or external.

 
Herba Agrimoniae(Hairvein Agrimonia Herb).

Herba Agrimoniae:herb photo Pin Yin Name: Xiān Hè Cǎo.
 English Name: Hairvein Agrimonia Herb.
 Latin Name: Herba Agrimoniae.
 Property and flavor: neutral, bitter, puckery.

 Brief introduction: The herb Herba Agrimoniae is the dried aerial part of Agrimonia pilosa Ledeb.(family Rosaceae), used (1).as an astringent hemostatic for treating various kinds of bleeding including bloody dysentery, and (2).to counteract toxins and reduce swelling for treating boils and sores. It is also used for treating malaria. The herb is commonly known as Herba Agrimoniae, Hairvein Agrimonia Herb, Hairyvein Agrimonia Herb and Bud, Xiān Hè Cǎo(literally it means "the Crane Herb").

 Botanical source: Official herbal classics and other famous herbal classics defined the herb Herba Agrimoniae(Hairvein Agrimonia Herb) as the dried aerial part of the species (1). Agrimonia pilosa Ledeb. It is a plant of the Agrimonia genus, the Rosaceae family of the Rosales order. These 2 commonly used species are introduced as:

(1).Agrimonia pilosa Ledeb.


 Agrimonia pilosa Ledeb.:drawing of whole plant Botanical description: The plant is commonly known as Lóng Yá Cǎo(literally it means "Dragon's Sprout Grass"). Perennial herb. Roots are often tuberous, surrounded by many lateral roots, the rhizome is short, base often has 1 to several underground buds. The stem is 30~120 cm tall, sparsely pilose and pubescent, sparsely hirsute below.

 Agrimonia pilosa Ledeb.:growing shrub Leaves odd-odd pinnate compound, usually with 3~4 pairs of lobules, sparse 2 pairs, reduced to 3 lobules, petiole sparsely pilose or pubescent; Small leaves are sessile or short shank, obovate, elliptic or lanceolate, pour eggs 1.5~5 cm long, 1~2.5 cm wide, apex acute to obtuse, dilute acuminate, base cuneate to broadly cuneate, margin with acute to obtuse serrate, puberulous at the upper part, loose fall off a few glabrous, usually under the pulse on rusty villous, loose fall off a few glabrous, glandular dots significantly; Stipules herbaceous, green, falcate, sparsely ovate, apex acute or acuminate, margin sharply serrate or lobes, sparsely entire, lower stipules sometimes ovate-lanceolate, often entire.

 Agrimonia pilosa Ledeb.:flowering plant Inflorescences spike racemose terminal, branched or unbranched, raceme axis pilose, pedicels 1~5 mm long, pilose; Bracts usually deep 3-lobed, lobes zonal, bracteoles opposite, ovate, entire or marginal dividing; Flowers 6-9 mm in diameter; 5 sepals, triangular-ovate; Petals are yellow, oblong; 5~8~15 stamens; 2 styles, filiform, stigma capitate.

 Fruit is obovate-conical, with 10 ribs outside, sparsely pilose, with several layers of hooks at the top, erect when young, conjoined when mature, 7~8 mm long, 3~4 mm in diameter at widest. Its flower period is from May to December.

 Agrimonia pilosa Ledeb.:growing shrub Ecological Environment: The plant grows in the wasteland, hillside, streamside, roadside, grassland, thicket, forest edge, and undergrowth. It distributes in most areas of China. It produces mainly in the middle and lower reaches areas of the Yangtze River, north area, Zhujiang river area, and other areas of China.

 Hairvein Agrimonia Herb:herb photo Characters of herbs: The whole grass is dry, stem base lignified, pale tan to purplish red, diameter 4~6 mm, smooth glabrous, stem nodes conspicuous, upper sparsely dense, sometimes with residual stipules; Upper stem greenish-brown, or yellowish-brown, white pilose, leaves grey-green, wrinkled and curly. Occasionally see a flowering branch or fruit branch. Slight smell, slightly bitter taste. The herb with purple stem, branch tender, leaves intact is the best.

 Pharmacological actions: ①.anticoagulation and antithrombosis; ②.prolong bleeding time, plasma thromboplastin time, and inhibit the aggregation of ADP and collagen in platelet-rich plasma; ③.anti-tumor; ④.anti-parasite; ⑤.antibacterial effects.

 Medicinal efficacy: Hemostasis with astringents, preventing attack or recurrence of malaria, stop dysentery, replenish stomach, detoxification, kill parasites. It is indicated for hemoptysis(cough up blood), hememesis(spitting blood), hematuria(blood in urine), hemafecia(pass blood in stool), dysentery with bloody stool, dysentery of red and white, malaria, weakness and internal lesion caused by overexertion, uterine bleeding, uterine bleeding and morbid leukorrhea, pruritus vulvae and morbid leukorrhea, carbuncle, swelling, sore poison, bleeding due to falling and trauma injury, etc.

 Administration of Herba Agrimoniae(Xiān Hè Cǎo): 
 
Reference: Administration Guide of Herba Agrimoniae(Xiān Hè Cǎo)
TCM Books: Internally:6~12 grams. Externally:proper amount.(CP), Internally:water decoction,3~5 qian(about 9~15 grams), fresh herb 0.5~1 liang(about 15~30 grams), or extract juice, or prepare to pill, powder. Externally:mashed and apply stick(DCTM), Internally:water decoction,10~15 grams, big dosage could be up to 30 grams;or prepared to powder. Externally:mashed and apply stick, or prepare paste and smear stick(CHMM).

 
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References:
  • 1.Introduction of Xian He Cao:Hairvein Agrimonia Herb or Herba Agrimoniae.
  • 2.TCM Books:DCTM(Dictionary of the Chinese Traditional Medicine),CHMM(Chinese Herbal Materia Medica).

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