Introduction of Angelica:Angelica archangelica or wild celery.
✵The article gives records of the herb Angelica, its English name, Latin name, common names, property and flavor, its botanical source one plant species, ①.Angelica archangelica., with a detailed introduction to the botanical features of this plant species, the growth characteristics, and ecological environment of this plant species, the features of the herb Angelica, its pharmacological actions, medicinal efficacy, and administration guide.
English Name: Angelica.
Latin Name: Angelica archangelica L.
Common Names: American angelica, baizhi, European angelica, Garden angelica, masterword, wild angelica, wild celery, Angel's wort.
Property and flavor: tastes sweet, slightly musky scent.
Brief introduction: The Angelica archangelica is commonly known as American angelica or Angel's wort. The seed, whole herb, and root are used medicinally. Angelica herb consists of the above-ground parts of Angelica archangelica, Angelica root is the dried root and rhizome of Angelica archangelica. Sometimes referred to as Archangelica officinalis(Moench) Hoffm. Other Angelica species, including the North American Angelica atropurpurea, are sometimes used medicinally as well.
Botanical source: Common herbal classics defined the herb Angelica as the root of the species (1). Angelica archangelica. It is a plant species of the Angelica genus, the Apiaceae family (Umbelliferae, the parsley family). The seed, whole herb, and root are used medicinally. This commonly used species is introduced:
Botanical description: The Angelica archangelica grows up to 50 cm to 2.5 meters high, it has a short and strong rhizome, fleshy, and has long fibrous roots. The stem is upright and thick, the diameter of the base part is about six cm, and the lower part is round and hollow, finely grooved, and tinged reddish. The plant has large leaves up to 60~90 cm and tripinnate with hollow petiole, ovate leaflets, and unevenly serrate, the leaf sheaths are large and swollen. Its flowers are greenish-white to yellowish and are arranged in 20 to 40 rayed compact umbels without an involucre, the small epicalyx has numerous sepals with minute tips, the petal has an indented tip, the fruit is elliptic, 7 mm long and 4 mm wide, winged, there is a membrane separates the outer fruit from the inner one.
Ecological environment: Angelica archangelica was indigenous to Syria, Netherlands, and Poland, it distributes and grows in the wild on the coasts of the North and Baltic seas as far north as Lapland. In Iceland, it is a protected species and is cultivated in other regions. Angelica archangelica also grows in Northern Europe, Iceland, and Greenland. Other species, Angelica atropurpurea is found in America, Angelica sylvestris is found in Europe, and Angelica sinensis is found in Asia.
Growth characteristics: The plant grows in woodland shade and shady edge, it better grows in deep moist fertile soil in dappled shade or full sun.
Characters of herbs: The herb rhizome is short, strong, and fleshy and has long fibrous roots.
History story of Angelica archangelica: In the 16th century, Angelica archangelica spread to some warmer areas of Europe from North Africa. Because it blooms for the first time on May 8th, the day of St. Michael the Archangel (St. Michael the Archangel, in the Bible, one of the archangels.), which makes it often appear in some mysterious ceremonies, it is not difficult to understand why it is often planted in monasteries, and it is called "Angel's wort".
Pharmacological actions: ①.dyspeptic problems; ②.loss of appetite; ③.mild rubefacient; etc.
Medicinal efficacy: The herb is mainly used in North America for respiratory ailments such as cough and bronchitis, arthritis and rheumatic complaints, stomach cancer, painful or irregular menstrual cycles, stimulating the appetite, relieving gas, and soothing other digestive problems, today it is also used as a flavoring for alcoholic beverages, and as a scent. In folk medicine, the root preparation is used as a mild rubefacient, for coughs, bronchitis, menstrual complaints, loss of appetite, dyspeptic complaints with mild gastrointestinal cramps, and liver and biliary duct conditions. Seed preparation is used internally for kidney conditions and efferent urinary tract, intestinal tract, and the respiratory tract, for rheumatic and neuralgic complaints. An ointment prepared from seeds is used for body lice. Preparations from leaves have been used as diuretic and diaphoretic.
Administration of Angelica (Angelica archangelica):
Administration Guide of Angelica (Angelica archangelica)
Herbal classic books:
The common dosage for infusion is 1 teaspoon of powdered seeds or leaves per cup of boiling water, steeped for ten to twenty minutes. Decoctions are made with 1 teaspoon of powdered roots per cup of water, simmered for two minutes, and drunk in quantities of up to 2 cups a day. The herb is advised 4.5 grams daily, 1.5 grams tincture, and 10 to 20 drops of essential oil.
Contraindications, Precautions and Adverse Reactions: The herb has No health hazards or side effects if the proper administration of therapeutic dosages. Avoid sunbathing and intensive UV radiation for the duration of treatment.
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1.Introduction of Angelica:Angelica archangelica or wild celery.