Introduction of Mugwort:Carline thistle or Bulwand-Wormwood.
✵The article gives records of the herb Mugwort, its English name, Latin name, common names, property and flavor, its botanical source one plant species, ①.Artemisia vulgaris L., with a detailed introduction to the botanical features of this plant species, the growth characteristics, and ecological environment of this plant species, the features of the herb Mugwort, its pharmacological actions, medicinal efficacy, and administration guide.
English Name: Mugwort.
Latin Name: Artemisia vulgaris L.
Common Names: Carline thistle, Bulwand-Wormwood, Felon Herb, St.John's Plant, Wormwood.
Property and flavor: Mugwort has a pleasant tangy taste. The root is sweet and pungent, the herb is aromatic and bitter.
Brief introduction: Mugwort is the leaves, small yellow or reddish flowering tops, and roots of the tall Artemisia vulgaris plant that are used medicinally. Artemisia vulgaris is similar to Artemisia argyi, they are different species in the Artemisia genus.
Botanical source: Common herbal classics defined the herb Mugwort as the whole plant of the species (1).Artemisia vulgaris L. It is a plant species of the Artemisia genus, the Asteraceae family (Compositae, daisy family). The leaves, small yellow or reddish flowering tops, and roots are used medicinally. This commonly used species is introduced:
(1).Artemisia vulgaris L.
Botanical description: Artemisia vulgaris is a perennial herb, stems are few or solitary, it grows up to 1.6 meters, severally branched; stems and branches are slightly pubescent, leaves are initially sparsely covered with arachnid hairs, and the lower part of the stem is densely covered with gray-white spider silk-like hairs; leaves of lower stems are elliptical or oval, bipinnately parted or fully lobed, with short stalks; middle leaves are elliptic, elliptic-ovate or long ovate, 3~15 cm long, one to two pinnatifid or fully lobed, each lateral has 3~5 lobes, small lobes are elliptic-lanceolate or linear-lanceolate, 3~5 cm long, often with 1 to several lobed teeth on the edge, narrow wing on the central axis, basal lobes are pseudostipule-like, semi-stipulate clasping, without petioles; leaves on the upper part are pinnately parted, lobes are lanceolate or linear-lanceolate; bract leaves are 3-deep cleft or not divided.
The capitulum is oblong, 2.5~3.5 mm in diameter, with bracteoles at the base, arranged in dense spikes on branchlets, and panicles on stems; back of involucral bracts are densely covered with arachnid pilose; female flowers 7~10, purple; hermaphrodite flowers 8~20, corolla eaves is purple-red; The inner flowers are androgynous and those on the outside are female, achenes are obovate or oval; its flowering and fruiting period is from August to October.
Ecological environment: Artemisia vulgaris mostly grows in grasslands, forest grasslands, forest margins, valleys, barren slopes, and roadsides in sub-alpine regions. It mainly grows in north Asia, and Europe except for Iceland and the islands in the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea, Canada, and the eastern USA (the United States of America) in North America.
Characters of herbs: Mugwort herb is the above-ground part of Artemisia vulgaris. The branch tips are gathered during the flowering season and carefully dried. Other fresh above and underground parts of the plant are harvested at the beginning of winter, primarily from the wild. Mugwort root is the below-ground part of Artemisia vulgaris.
Pharmacological actions: ①.soothing stomach upset; ②.stimulating the appetite; ③.antibacterial and antifungal properties; ④.insecticidal and larvacidal properties.
The herb mugwort contains volatile oil and bitter-tasting substances, explaining its use for soothing stomach upset and stimulating the appetite.
The mugwort volatile oil has antibacterial and antifungal properties, and insecticidal and larvacidal properties, the herb aqueous extract and essential oil show antimicrobial activity in the laboratory test.
Medicinal efficacy: The herb was used in traditional medicine for centuries to relieve painful menstrual cramps, induce menstruation, treat other gynecological problems, delayed or irregular menstruation, combat intestinal worms, and worm infestations, relieve poor liver performance, aid digestion, lessen stomach upset, stimulate a flagging appetite, reduce gas and bloating, stomach ulcers and indigestion, persistent vomiting, the herb smoke was used to calm nervousness and insomnia, as a sedative, it was ever used to treat epilepsy.
The herb was traditionally used as a substitute for hops to flavor beer, it was used as a material for moxas, placed on the skin, ignited, and allow burning down to the skin and form a scar, moxa is used to stimulate the immune system positively and help reduce pain and cold spasms, revive sensation in deadened limbs, stop hemorrhage, etc.
Administration of Mugwort (Bulwand-Wormwood):
Administration Guide of Mugwort (Bulwand-Wormwood)
Herbal classic books:
Dosage: To stimulate the appetite, a tea prepared using 1 teaspoon, about 1.2 grams of the herb in 1 cup of water is drunk two or three times per day before meals. The liquid root extract is taken in doses of 0.5 to 5 ml. An infusion of 0.5 to 2 grams is given 3 times daily, the usual dosage of tea is one cup 2 to 3 times daily.
Contraindications, Precautions and Adverse Reactions:Commonly recommended doses of mugwort are unlikely to cause harm. Allergic reactions including contact dermatitis may occur in previously sensitized individuals, Mugwort is not to be used during pregnancy, as it stimulates the uterus and possibly causes miscarriage, however, pregnancy loss has apparently never been documented.
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1.Introduction of Mugwort:Carline thistle or Bulwand-Wormwood.