Introduction of Passionflower:Granadilla or Passion Vine.

Popular Herbs. ✵The article gives records of the herb Passionflower, its English name, Latin name, property and flavor, its botanical source one plant species, ①.Passiflora incarnata L., with a detailed introduction to the botanical features of this plant species, the growth characteristics, and ecological environment of this plant species, the features of the herb Passionflower, its pharmacological actions, medicinal efficacy, and administration guide.

Passionflower(Passion Vine).

Passionflower English Name: Passionflower.
 Latin Name: Passiflora incarnata L.
 Common Names: Apricot vine, maypop, Granadilla, passiflora, Passion Vine, wild passionflower.
 Property and flavor: warm in nature, tastes bitter.

 Brief introduction: Passiflora incarnata is the most common species used for the medicinal purpose among hundreds of passionflower species, the dried flowers and oval pulpy fruit from this perennial climbing vine are used medicinally.

 Botanical source: Common herbal classics defined the herb Passionflower as part of the species (1).Passiflora incarnata L. It is a plant species of the Passiflora genus, the Passifloraceae family (passion-flower family). The aerial parts are used medicinally. This commonly used species is introduced:

(1).Passiflora incarnata L.

 Passiflora incarnata:purple flower Botanical description: Passiflora incarnata is a perennial vine on a strong, woody stem growing up to about 10 meters in length. The vine is initially angular, later gray, and rounded with longitudinally striated bark. The leaves are alternate, petiolate, serrate, and very finely pubescent. The back surface is hairier than the upper surface. There are bumpy extra-floral nectaries on the leaf blades. Stipules and tendrils grow from the leaf axils.

 The axillary pedicle grows up to 8 cm and bears 1 flower. The flowers are androgynous and rayed with a diameter of 5 to 9 cm and have an involucre. The 5 sepals are green on the outside, white on the inside, and tough. The 5 petals are white to pale red. There is a secondary corolla inside the petals made up of 4 thread wreaths arranged in rays around the axis of the flower, which are white on the inside and purple on the outside. The ovary has 3 carpels and 3 style branches, which end in a thickened stigma. The 5 stamens are joined at the base and fused to the androgynophor.

 Passiflora incarnata:purple flower Ecological environment: Passiflora incarnata is indigenous to an area from the southeast USA (the United States of America) to Argentina and Brazil. It is cultivated in Europe as a garden plant.

 Growth characteristics: Passiflora incarnata thrive in full sun but can also tolerate a part shade position, adapt well to most types including extremely poor soils, providing they are well-drained and moist, the plant can handle drought conditions but keep the soil consistently moist for the best chance to appreciate the beautiful blooms, the plant is cold-tolerant.

 History story: Sixteenth-century Spanish explorers who came across the showy, oddly attractive passionflower in Peru concluded that the flowers were symbolic of the Passion of Christ, and thus a sign of Christ's approval of their endeavors. Based on its name, the flower could inspire emotional or physical passion. Passionflower adorns many gardens around the world and is also a popular houseplant.

 Characters of herbs: Passion flower herb is the fresh or dried aerial parts of Passiflora incarnata. The flowering shoots are cut 10 to 15 cm above the ground, usually after the formation of the first apple-sized fruit. For a maximum flavonoid content in the flowering shoot, twice yearly harvest is recommended, the harvested part is dried in a haydryer or in the air.

 Pharmacological actions: ①.sedative and tranquilizer effect; ②.digestive aid; ③.soothing agent for menstrual discomfort; ④.antimicrobial; ⑤.relieve pain;etc.

 Passionflower has a long-standing reputation as a sedative and tranquilizer effect, resulting in an overall sedating and tranquilizing effect.

 Studies found passionflower may work as a digestive aid, and soothing agent for menstrual discomfort.

 Passionflower leaves have an antimicrobial effect and kill many different kinds of bacteria, yeast, and fungi in the test tube. Passionflower has pain-killing effects.

 Medicinal efficacy: Passionflower has a long history of use as a sedative or calming agent, and tranquilizer, in the United Kingdom passionflower ranks as the most popular herbal sedative, American herbalists contend that passionflower is one of nature's best tranquilizers. Passionflower is recommended for promoting night sleep, especially in cases of anxiety-related insomnia, soothing jangled nerves, relaxing the body, calming emotional upset, controlling anxiety-related muscle spasms, treating headaches and pain, and aiding digestion, traditionally it is used to reduce exaggerated awareness of heart palpitations. In Europe, passionflower is approved for nervousness and insomnia. In folk medicine, passion flower is used internally for the depressive state such as hysteria, general nervous agitation, insomnia, and nervous gastrointestinal complaints.

 Administration of Passionflower (Passion Vine): 
Reference: Administration Guide of Passionflower (Passion Vine)
Herbal classic books: Dosage: An infusion is prepared using 1 teaspoon of dried flowers per cup of water. As a sleep aid, it is drunk before bedtime; in other cases, it is drunk up to three times per day. The tincture is used in doses of a half to 1 teaspoon up to three times per day. The solid extract is taken 150 to 300 mg per day. Tea is prepared with 150 ml hot water over 1 teaspoon of the herb and strained after 10 minutes, drink 2 to 3 times throughout the day and one-half hour before bedtime. The tincture is recommended at 0.5 to 2 ml, 3 times daily.
 Contraindications, Precautions and Adverse Reactions: Passionflower probably posed no health risk when used in typically recommended amounts. After centuries of use, there are no reports of serious harm. Avoid large doses, as the plant contains chemicals that may depress the central nervous system. Pregnant women should not take it for its component harman and harmaline affect the uterus.

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