Introduction of Zhe Bei Mu:Thunbery Fritillary Bulb or Bulbus Fritillariae Thunbergii.

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The article gives records of the herb Thunbery Fritillary Bulb, its English name, Latin name, property and flavor, its botanical source one plant species, ①.Fritillaria thunbergii Miq., with a detailed introduction to the botanical features of this plant, the growth characteristics, and ecological environment of this plant, the features of the herb Thunbery Fritillary Bulb, its pharmacological actions, medicinal efficacy, and administration guide.

Bulbus Fritillariae Thunbergii(Thunbery Fritillary Bulb).

Thunbery Fritillary Bulb:herb photo Pin Yin Name: Zhè Bèi Mǔ.
 English Name: Thunbery Fritillary Bulb.
 Latin Name: Bulbus Fritillariae Thunbergii.
 Property and flavor: cold, bitter.

 Brief introduction: The herb Bulbus Fritillariae Thunbergii is the dried bulb of Fritillaria thunbergii Miq.(family Liliaceae), used (1).to clear heat and resolve phlegm in cases of cough with thick expectoration, and (2).to reduce nodulation in cases of mastitis and scrofula. The herb is commonly known as Bulbus Fritillariae Thunbergii, Thunbery Fritillary Bulb, Zhè Bèi Mǔ.

 Botanical source: The herb Bulbus Fritillariae Thunbergii(Thunbery Fritillary Bulb) is the dried bulb of Fritillaria thunbergii Miq., it is a plant of the Fritillaria L. genus, the Liliaceae family of the Liliflorae order. It is also known as Bulb of Thunberg Fritillary or Zhè Bèi Mǔ.

 Fritillaria thunbergii Miq.:flowering plant Herbal classic book defined the herb Bulbus Fritillariae Thunbergii(Thunbery Fritillary Bulb) as the dried bulb of:(1). Fritillaria thunbergii Miq. This commonly used species is introduced as:

(1).Fritillaria thunbergii Miq.

 Fritillaria thunbergii Miq.:drawing of whole plant Botanical description: It is also known as Zhè Bèi Mǔ, a perennial herb, 50~80 cm high. Bulb oblate, 1.5~4 cm in diameter, with 2 white, thick scaly leaves joined. Leaves opposite or scattered at the bottom of the stem, gradually upward and often both scattered, opposite and whorled; Leaf blade sub2-lanceolate, 7~11 cm long, 1~2.5 cm wide, apex not curly or slightly curved. 1~6 Flowers, pale yellow, sometimes slightly purplish, apical flowers with 3~4 leaflike bracts, others with 2~4 cm, 1~1.5 cm wide, inner and outer wheel similar, inner mask purple grid markings, base with nectaries above; 6 stamens, about 2/5 of tepals long; Anthers subbasal, filaments without papillae; Stigma segment length is about 1.5~2 mm. Capsule ovoid, 6 ribs, 2~2.2 cm long, 2.5 cm wide, with 6~8 mm wings on the ribs. It is flowering in March to April, fruiting in May.

 Ecological environment: the plant grows on lower elevations in the shade of hills or under bamboo forests. Resource distribution: the plant mainly distributes in the lower reaches area of the Yangtze River, and other areas of China.

 Growth characteristics: The plant grows on wet ridges, hillsides, ditches, and bushes near villages. It mainly distributes in the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River.

 Fritillaria thunbergii Miq.:flowering plant Characters of herbs: ①.The pearl fritillary bulb is a complete bulb, it is also known as "Zhu Bei", oblate and 1~2.5 cm in diameter. The surface is off-white, and the two scales of the outer layer are thick and folding, with 2-3 scales and residual stem inside. The texture of the herb is strong and fragile, easy to break, the fracture surface is white and rich in powder. The herb has slight smell, it tastes bitter. ②.The big fritillary bulb is a single plump scaly leaf with the shape of an ingot or rhombus, 2~4 cm in length, 1~2.5 cm in height and 0.6~1.5 cm in thickness; The outer surface is off-white to light yellowish white, with light brown spots, and the inner surface is off-white to yellowish white. The herb which has thick scales, the texture of the herb is firm and solid, rich in powder, the fracture surface is white, is better.

 Pharmacological actions: ①.Effects on smooth muscle and glands; ②.Effect on circulatory system and respiration.

 Medicinal efficacy: Clear heat and reduce phlegm, expelling stagnation and eliminating stagnation, indicated for wind-heat, dry heat, pyrophlegm cough, abscess of the lung, acute mastitis, scrofula, ulcer sore poison, depressed in heart and chest.

 Administration of Bulbus Fritillariae Thunbergii(Zhè Bèi Mǔ): 
Reference: Administration Guide of Bulbus Fritillariae Thunbergii(Zhè Bèi Mǔ)
TCM Books: ①.Internally:4.5~9 grams, ②.1.5~3 qian(about 4.5~9 grams), ③.3~10 grams, water decoction; prepare to finely ground herb powder and prepared to pill, powder.Externally:prepare to finely ground herb powder and apply.
 Precautions: should not be combined with herbs of Aconiti species.

Antitussives Herbs.

 Introduction: Antitussives herbs: an agent or substance herbs that stops coughing.
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