Introduction of Sang Bai Pi:White Mulberry Root-bark or Cortex Mori.

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The article gives records of the herb White Mulberry Root-bark, its English name, Latin name, property and flavor, its botanical source one plant species, ①.Morus alba L., with a detailed introduction to the botanical features of this plant species, the growth characteristics, and ecological environment of this plant species, the features of the herb White Mulberry Root-bark, its pharmacological actions, medicinal efficacy, and administration guide.

Cortex Mori(White Mulberry Root-bark).

White Mulberry Root-bark.:herb photo Pin Yin Name: Sāng Bái Pí.
 English Name: White Mulberry Root-bark.
 Latin Name: Cortex Mori.
 Property and flavor: cold, sweet.

 Brief introduction: The herb Cortex Mori is the dried root-bark, deprived of the external brown corky part, of Morus alba L.(family Moraceae), used (1).to purge the lung and relieve dyspnea for treating lung heat with cough and dyspnea, and (2).to induce diuresis in cases of edema. The herb is commonly known as Cortex Mori, White Mulberry Root-bark, Sāng Bái Pí.

 Botanical source: The herb Cortex Mori(White Mulberry Root-bark) is the dried root-bark of Morus alba L., it is a plant of the Morus genus, the Moraceae(mulberry family or fig family) of the Rosales order.

(1).Morus alba L.

 Morus alba L.:small tree Botanical description: The Morus alba L., is a plant of the Moraceae family and Morus genus, it is commonly known as "Mulberry Tree" or "White Mulberry", or "Sang Shu", deciduous shrubs or small trees, 3~15 meters high. The bark is brownish-brown, branches gray or gray-yellow, sparsely sparse, shallowly longitudinally divided, slightly pilose when tender. Leaves alternate, ovate to broadly ovate, 6~15 cm long and 4~12 cm wide. Tip or blunt, base round or near heart-shaped, coarse teeth on the edge, above the hairless, shiny, green below, veins with sparse hairs, hairy veins; petiole length 1~2.5 cm. Dioecious, bone inflorescence axillary; male inflorescence caducous; female inflorescence length 1~2 cm, style is not obvious or no, 2 stigmas. The leaves are oval, broadly ovate, and heart-shaped. They are about 15 cm long, about 10 cm wide, and about 4 cm in length. The base of the leaf blade is heart-shaped, slightly apical at the apex, serrated at its edge, and densely covered with white pilose leaves. Old thick yellow-green leaves. The young leaves are thin and dark green. Crisp and brittle, grip the hands. It is light and slightly bitter. Medicinal use is generally considered to be good after the frost. The poly fruit (mulberry) is dark purple, red or milky when cooked. The tree is flowering from April to May and fruiting from June to July.

 Morus alba L. Growth characteristics: The mulberry tree has strong adaptability, anti-pollution, anti-wind, salt-alkali resistance. It mainly distributes in the middle reaches area of the Yellow River, the middle and lower reaches area of the Yangtze River.

 Characters of herbs: The root is twisted in the shape of a roll, a groove or a plate, with different length and width, and thickness of 1~4 mm. The outer surface is white or light yellowish-white, relatively flat, with some residual orange or brown scaly rough skin; The inner surface is yellowish white or grayish yellow with fine longitudinal lines. The herb is light in weight, the texture of the herb is tough, strong fibrous, difficult to break, easy to tear longitudinally, and there is dust flying when tearing. The herb has slight smell, it tastes slightly sweet. The herb which is white, thick cortex and flexible is better.

 Pharmacological actions: ①.Antihypertensive effect; ②.Effects on the cardiovascular system; ③.Diuretic and cathartic effects.

 Medicinal efficacy: Removing heat from the lung and relieving asthma, inducing diuresis to alleviate edema, indicated for lung heat dyspnea cough, edema and distension fullness, oliguria(abnormally small amount of urine), facial and skin edema.

 Administration of Cortex Mori(Sāng Bái Pí): 
Reference: Administration Guide of Cortex Mori(Sāng Bái Pí)
TCM Books: ①.Internally:6~12 grams; ②.water decoction, 2~5 qian(about 6~15 grams), or prepared into powder;Externally:proper amount, extract to juice and apply, or wash with water decoction; ③.9~15 grams, water decoction; grinded to fine powder and prepared to powder.Externally:proper amount, extract to juice and apply, or wash with water decoction.

Antitussives Herbs.

 Introduction: Antitussives herbs: an agent or substance herbs that stops coughing.
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