Introduction of Sha Ji:Fructus Hippophae or Seabuckthorn Fruit.

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The article gives records of the herb Seabuckthorn Fruit, its English name, Latin name, property and flavor, its botanical source one plant species, ①.Hippophae rhamnoides L., with a detailed introduction to the botanical features of this plant, the growth characteristics, and ecological environment of this plant, the features of the herb Seabuckthorn Fruit, its pharmacological actions, medicinal efficacy, and administration guide.

Fructus Hippophae(Seabuckthorn Fruit).

Seabuckthorn Fruit:herb photo Pin Yin Name: Shā Jí.
 English Name: Seabuckthorn Fruit.
 Latin Name: Fructus Hippophae.
 Property and flavor: warm,sour,pickery.

 Brief introduction: The herb Fructus Hippophae is the dried ripe fruit of Hippophae rhamnoides L.(family Elaeagnaceae), used (1).as an antitussive and expectorant for treating cough with profuse phlegm, (2).as a stomachic for dyspepsia and abdominal pain due to undigested food, and (3).to promote blood circulation and remove stasis for treating traumatic wounds and amenorrhea. The herb is commonly known as Fructus Hippophae, Seabuckthorn Fruit, Shā Jí.

 Botanical source: The herb Fructus Hippophae(Seabuckthorn Fruit) is the dried ripe fruit of the Hippophae rhamnoides L., it is a plant of the Hippophae genus, the Elaeagnaceae(oleaster) family of the Rosales order.

(1).Hippophae rhamnoides L.

 Hippophae rhamnoides L.:fruiting tree with leaves Botanical description: The Hippophae rhamnoides L., is a plant of the Elaeagnaceae family and Hippophae L. genus, it is commonly known as "Hippophae rhamnoides", or "Cu Liu(literally it means vinegar salix)", or "Sha Ji(literally it means bramble and thorns grow in sands)”, deciduous shrubs or trees, 1.5 meters in height, grow up to 18 meters in high mountain valleys, with more thorns, stout, terminal or lateral; twigs brownish green, densely silvery white with brown scales or sometimes white Starlike pilose, old branches gray and black, rough; buds large, golden or rusty. Single leaves usually subopposite, similar to branches, papery, narrowly lanceolate or oblong-lanceolate, 30~80 mm long, 4~13 mm wide, obtuse or base at both ends Nearly circular, base widest, green above, white peltate or stellate pilose at first, silvery or pale white below, scales, no stellate hairs; petiole very short, few or as long as 1~1.5 mm. Fruit spherical, 4~6 mm in diameter, orange; fruiting pedicels are 1~2.5 mm long; seeds small, broadly elliptic to ovate, sometimes slightly flat, 3~4.2 mm long, black or purple-black, with luster. It is flowering from April to May, fruiting from September to October.

 Hippophae rhamnoides:fruiting tree Growth characteristics: The Hippophae rhamnoides grows on sunny slopes, desert valley terraces, flat sandy lands, and gravel slopes, at an area with an altitude of 800~3600 meters above sea level. It mainly distributes in the north, northwest, and other areas of China.

 Characters of herbs: The fruit is spheroidal or oblate, with single or several conglutinations, the diameter of the fruit is 5-8 mm; The surface is brownish red or dark brown, shriveled, often with short fruit stalks; The fruit pulp is oily and soft. The seeds are oblate, 2.5~4 mm in length and 2 mm in width, the surface is brown, with the hilum at the narrow end, there is a micropyle at the other end and a longitudinal groove on each side; The seed coat is hard, and the cotyledons are milky white and oily. The herb has slight smell, tastes sour and puckery. The herb which grain is big, thick pulp and oily is better.

 Pharmacological actions: ①. Effects on the heart; ②.the effect of preventing thrombosis, and has a certain anti-coagulation effect; ③. Hypolipidemic effect; ④. Anti-gastric ulcer; ⑤.Liver protective effects; ⑥.Anti-oxidation and anti-aging effect; ⑦. Resistance to cold, fatigue, and hypoxia; ⑧. Immune-enhancing effects; ⑨. Resistance mutation, antitumor effect; ⑩. The anti-allergic effect; ⑾. Anti-radiation effect; ⑿.Glycemia lowering effect; ⒀. Other functions.

 Medicinal efficacy: Relieve cough and expectoration, help digestion and eliminate stagnation, activate blood circulation, and dissipate stasis. It is indicated for a cough with much phlegm, indigestion, food accumulation and abdominal pain, blood stasis and amenia, traumatic injury, and bruises.

 Administration of Fructus Hippophae(Shā Jí): 
Reference: Administration Guide of Fructus Hippophae(Shā Jí)
TCM Books: ①.Internally:3~9 grams; ②.3~9 grams, water decoction; grinded to fine powder and prepared to pill, powder.Externally:proper amount, mashed and apply or grinded into fine powder and apply.

Antitussives Herbs.

 Introduction:  Antitussives herbs: an agent or substance herbs that stops coughing.
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