Introduction of Fu Xiao Mai:Light Wheat or Fructus Tritici Levis.
✵The article gives records of the herb Light Wheat, its English name, Latin name, property and flavor, its botanical source one plant species, ①.Triticum aestivum L., with a detailed introduction to the botanical features of this plant species, the growth characteristics, and ecological environment of this plant species, the features of the herb Light Wheat, its pharmacological actions, medicinal efficacy, and administration guide.
Fructus Tritici Levis(Light Wheat).
Pin Yin Name: Fú Xiǎo Mài.
English Name: Light Wheat, Blighted Wheat, Shriveled Wheat.
Latin Name: Fructus Tritici Levis.
Property and flavor: cool in nature, tastes sweet, salty.
Brief introduction: The Herb Fructus Tritici Levis is the dried light grains of Triticum aestivum L., used as an antihidrotic agent for spontaneous sweating or night sweats. The herb is commonly known as Fructus Tritici Levis, Light Wheat, Fú Xiǎo Mài.
Botanical source: Herbal classic book defined the Fructus Tritici Levis(Light Wheat) as the dried light grains of the species (1). Triticum aestivum L. It is a plant of the Triticum L. genus, the Gramineae family(Poaceae family) of the Poales order. This commonly used species is introduced:
(1).Triticum aestivum L.
Botanical description: It is commonly known as Xiǎo Mài. Herbs annual or perennial, the plant grows up to 60~100 cm tall. Culms are upright, usually 6-9 nodes. Leaf-sheath is smooth, often shorter than internode; Leaf tongue is membranous, short; Leaf blade is flat, long lanceolate, 15~40 cm long, 8~14 mm wide, apex is acuminate, base is rounded. Spikes are upright, 3~10 cm long; Spikelet is flat on both sides, ca. 12 mm long, parallel or nearly family line on cob, each spikelet is with 3~9 flowers, only lower flowers are firm; Glume is short, the first glume is wider than the second glume, both with sharp ridges on the back, sometimes extending into awn; Lemma is membranous, slightly lobed into 3-dentate, central teeth are often extended into awn, palea as long or slightly short as lemma, ridge with scaly narrow wings; Stamens 3; Ovary is ovate. Caryopses are oblong or subovate, ca. 6 mm long, pale brown. It is flowering from April to May, fruiting from May to June.
Ecological environment: It is cultivated throughout the country as one of China's main food. The soil layer is deep and the topsoil with good structure is deep, which is beneficial to water storage, fertilizer conservation, and root development. Soil structure refers to the proportion of solid (organic and inorganic), liquid and gas composition, which is closely related to soil moisture, air, temperature, and nutrients. Long sunshine crops (8 to 12 hours of sunlight per day), if sunshine conditions are insufficient. It can't go through the light stage, it can't produce a solid ear.
Wheat is a product of the domestication of its wild ancestors by neolithic humans and has been cultivated for more than 10,000 years. In the vast areas of Central Asia, many remains have been excavated from prehistoric primitive social settlements, including wild and cultivated wheat heads and grains, charred wheat grains, heads and impressions of wheat grains on hard mud. Wheat was widely cultivated in Iran, Palestine, Iraq, Syria as early as 7,000~6,000 B.C. Wheat was grown in Pakistan 6,000 B.C., in Europe 6,000~5,000 B.C., in Transcaucasia and Turkmenistan 5,000~4,000 B.C., in Africa 4,000 B.C. China's wheat was gradually expanded from the middle reaches of the Yellow River to the south of the Yangtze River, and into Northeast Asia. Between the 15th and 17th centuries, European settlers spread wheat to North and South America. Wheat spread to Oceania in the 18th century.
Characters of herbs: The dried caryopsis is oblong, about 2~6 mm long, and about 1.5~2.5 mm in diameter. The surface is yellowish-brown or yellow, slightly wrinkled, with a deep longitudinal groove in the center of the ventral surface, an inconspicuous embryo at the base of the dorsal surface, and yellow pilose at the top part. The texture of the herb is hard, a few extremely flat, the grain is soft. The fracture surface is white or light yellowish-brown. A few have glume and lemma. The herb has no odor, it tastes mild. The herb of better grade has even grain, light and floating to the water surface, with glossy surface, no impurities.
Medicinal efficacy: Eliminate deficient heat, antiperspirant. It is indicated for Yin deficiency and fever, hectic fever due to yin deficiency and consumptive fever (bone steaming, fever of consumption), night sweat (perspire during sleep), spontaneous perspiration (spontaneous sweating), etc.
Administration of Fructus Tritici Levis (Fú Xiǎo Mài):
Administration Guide of Fructus Tritici Levis (Fú Xiǎo Mài)
①.N/A.;②.Internally:water decoction, 3~5 qian (about 9~15 grams);or stir-bake to brown and prepare to finely ground herb powder; ③.Internally:water decoction, 15~30 grams;or prepare to ground herb powder. For antiperspirant purpose, better stir-bake for appplication.
Contraindications,Precautions and Adverse Reactions:should avoid using the herb Fructus Tritici Levis in conditions dysphoria without perspiration or collapse with sweating.
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1.Introduction of Fu Xiao Mai:Light Wheat or Fructus Tritici Levis.