Introduction of Lian Qiao:Weeping Forsythia Fruit or Fructus Forsythiae.

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The article gives records of the herb Weeping Forsythia Fruit, its English name, Latin name, property and flavor, its botanical source one plant species, ①.Forsythia suspensa (Thunb.)Vahl., with a detailed introduction to the botanical features of this plant species, the growth characteristics, and ecological environment of this plant species, the features of the herb Weeping Forsythia Fruit, its pharmacological actions, medicinal efficacy, and administration guide.

Fructus Forsythiae(Weeping Forsythia Fruit).

Fructus Forsythiae:herb photo Pin Yin Name: Lián Qiáo.
 English Name: Weeping Forsythia Fruit.
 Latin Name: Fructus Forsythiae.
 Property and flavor: slightly cold, bitter.

 Brief introduction: The herb Fructus Forsythiae is the dried fruit of weeping forsthia, Forsythia suspensa(Thunb.) Vahl, often used together with honeysuckle flower (1).to clear heat, counteract toxins and dissipate nodulation in cases of boils, sores and abscesses, and (2).to disperse wind-heat for wind-heat afflictions and warm diseases at the early stage. The herb is commonly known as Fructus Forsythiae, Weeping Forsythia Fruit, Lián Qiáo.

 Botanical source: The herb Fructus Forsythiae (Weeping Forsythia Fruit) is the dried fruit of (1). Forsythia suspensa(Thunb.) Vahl, it is a plant of the Forsythia genus, the Oleaceae family (olive family) of the Lamiales order. This commonly used species is introduced:

(1).Forsythia suspensa (Thunb.)Vahl.

 Forsythia suspensa:flower and herb Botanical description: The Forsythia suspensa (Thunb.) Vahl., is a plant of the Oleaceae family (olive family) and Forsythia Vahl genus, it is commonly known as "Forsythia suspensa", or "Lian Qiao", deciduous shrubs. Branches spreading or pendulous, brown, tan or yellowish-brown, branchlets are yellowish or grayish brown, slightly 4-angled, sparsely lenticels, internodes are hollow, joints with solid medullary. Leaves are usually single leaves, or 3-lobed to 3-foliolate, leaf blade is ovate, broadly ovate or elliptic-ovate to elliptic, 2~10 cm long, 1.5~5 cm wide, apex pointed, base rounded wide wedge-shaped to wedge-shaped, except for the edge of the leaf edge with sharp serrations or coarse serrations, uppersurface is dark green, undersurface is pale yellow-green, both sides are glabrous; petiole length is 0.8~1.5 cm, glabrous.

 Forsythia suspensa:flowering plant Flowers are usually solitary or as many as 2 to several grow in leaf axils, blooming before leaves sprout; pedicels are 5~6 mm long; calyx is green, lobes are oblong or oblong-elliptic, long 5~7 mm, apex is blunt or pointed, margin with lashes, nearly as long as corolla tube; corolla is yellow, lobes are obovate-oblong or oblong, 1.2~2 cm long, 6~10 mm wide; 5~7 mm long at pistil in flowers, the stamens are 3~5 mm long, and in stamens 6~7 mm long, the pistol is about 3 mm long.

 Fruit ovoid, ovate-elliptic or oblong, 1.2~2.5 cm long, 0.6~1.2 cm wide, apex calyx acuminate, surface has sparsely lenticels; fruit stems are 0.7~1.5 cm long. It is flowering from March to April and fruiting from July to September.

 Ecological environment: The shrub grows in thickets, sparse forests, and bushes on hillsides. It is mainly distributed in the area of the Yellow River, the area of the Yangtze River, and other areas of China.

 Growth characteristics: The Forsythia suspensa prefers warm and humid climate. Strong adaptability, cold tolerance, poor quality. Love lots of sunshine. Soil requirements are not strict, the plant can grow in hummus and sandy gravel soil.

 Weeping Forsythia Fruit:herb photo Characters of herbs: The fruit is long egg to oval, slightly flat, 1~2.5 cm long and 0.5~1.3 cm in diameter. The herb Lao Qiao (Old Forsythia Fruit) is mostly cracked from the apex, slightly bent outward or split into two petals, with a stalk or its broken mark at the base, the outer surface of the petal is yellow-brown, irregular longitudinal wrinkles and most convex yellowish trailing spots, less trailing spots at the base and a longitudinal concave groove at the center; The inner surface is yellowish brown, smooth and slightly shiny, with a mediastinum in the center, with many seeds falling off, the peel is hard and brittle, the fracture surface is flat. The herb Qing Qiao (Green Forsythia Fruit) is mostly non-cracking, with green-brown surface, few trailing spots, many fruit stalks at the base, many seeds in it, lanceolate, slightly curved, about 0.7 cm long and 0.2 cm wide, brown surface and narrow wings on one side. The herb is slightly fragrant, it tastes bitter. The herb Qing Qiao (Green Forsythia Fruit) is better if it is green and does not crack; The herb Lao Qiao (Old Forsythia Fruit) is better with yellow color, large valve and thick shell.

 Pharmacological actions: ①.Antibacterial effect: concentrate decoction of Fructus forsythiae has an antibacterial effect in vitro, which can inhibit Typhoid bacillus, Paratyphoid bacillus, Escherichia coli, Dysentery bacillus, Diphtheria bacillus, Vibrio cholerae, Staphylococcus, Streptococcus, and so on. The antimicrobial activity of forsythia in vitro was similar to that of honeysuckle, and it is the main antimicrobial component of yinqiao powder. ②.Other effects: inhibit the emetic effect, antiemetic effect.

 Medicinal efficacy: Clear heat, detoxify, dissipate stagnation and detumescence (reduce swelling). It is indicated for ulcer, scrofulous, acute mastitis, erysipelas, macules, wind-heat colds, warm disease, onset of warm disease, fever of warm disease, warm and heat enter into the Ying system, high fever and polydipsia, coma and macula, carbuncles sores swelling poison, ulcer, scrofula, galls, pharyngitis, leaching, pyretic stranguria and urodialysis.

 Administration of Fructus Forsythiae (Lián Qiáo): 
Reference: Administration Guide of Fructus Forsythiae (Lián Qiáo)
TCM Books: ①.Internally:6~15 grams; ②.Internally:water decoction, 3~5 qian(about 9~15 grams), or prepare to pill,powder.Externally:wash with water decoction; ③.Internally:water decoction, 6~15 grams, or prepared to pill, powder.

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