Introduction of Bai Jiang:Patrinia Herb or Herba Patriniae.
✵The article gives records of the herb Patrinia, its English name, Latin name, property and flavor, its botanical source two plant species, ①.Patrinia scabiosaefolia Fisch., ②.Patrinia villosa Juss., with a detailed introduction to the botanical features of these two plant species, the growth characteristics, and ecological environment of these two plant species, the features of the herb Patrinia, its pharmacological actions, medicinal efficacy, and administration guide.
Pin Yin Name: Bài Jiànɡ, Bài Jiànɡ Cǎo.
English Name: Patrinia, or Whiteflower Patrinia Herb, Dahurian Patrinia Herb.
Latin Name: Herba Patriniae.
Property and flavor: cool, pungent, bitter.
Brief introduction: The herb Herba Patriniae is the dried entire plant of Patrinia scabiosaefolia Fisch. Or Patrinia villosa Juss.(family Valerianaceae), used for clearing heat, counteracting toxins, evacuating pus, dispelling blood stasis and relieving pain in the treatment of lung abscess, acute appendicitis, boils, sores, ulcers, and postpartum abdominal pain. The herb is commonly known as Herba Patriniae, Patrinia, Bài Jiànɡ Cǎo.
Botanical source: Common herbal classics and official herbal classics defined the herb Herba Patriniae(Patrinia) as the dried entire plant of (1). Patrinia scabiosaefolia Fisch. (2). Patrinia villosa Juss. They are plants of the Patrinia genus, Valerianaceae family, Rubiales order plant. These 2 commonly used species are introduced as:
(1).Patrinia scabiosaefolia Fisch.
Botanical description: It is commonly known as Yellow-flower Patrinia, Huáng Huā Bài Jiànɡ. Herbs perennial, 50~130 cm tall. Roots and stems have a peculiar odor. Stem erect, yellow-green purplish, upper branched. Basal leaves fasciculate, ovate-lanceolate, not divided or pinnate, stipitate. Cauline leaves opposite, shortly sessile or subsessile, leaf blade pinnate deeply lobed, central lobes larger, lanceolate, apex acuminate, base cuneate, margin with large serrate irregularly. Cymes corymbose, terminal or axillary. Inflorescence base bracts 1 pair, striate. Calyx short, 5 teeth inconspicuous; Corolla tube short yellow, upper 5-lobed, endophytic white long hair; 4 stamens, ovary inferior, stigma capitate. Achene, elliptic, trigonal. Its flowering period is from July to August, fruiting from September to October.
Ecological environment: The plant is suitable to be cultivated in a moist environment and cold tolerance, but it is better to plant it in fertile sandy soil. The plant grows in areas at an altitude of 700~1,600 meters above sea level, on the mountain slope, wasteland. The plant distributes in the Guizhou province of China.
Growth characteristics: The Patrinia scabiosaefolia prefers a slightly humid environment, resistance to sub cold, general soil is suitable for cultivation, but the more fertile and active sand holding loam is better.
Characters of herbs: The whole herb is often folded into bundles. The stem is cylindrical, curved, 5~15 cm long, 2~5 mm in diameter and 9 mm thick at the top; There is cork bark on the surface, easy to fall off, purple-brown or dark-brown, with loose or dense nodes, there are bud marks and root marks on nodes; The fracture surface is fibrous, with a brown "wood heart" in the center. The root is long conical or long cylindrical, with a length of 10 cm and a diameter of 1~4 mm; There are longitudinal lines on the surface, the fracture surface is yellow-white. The herb stem is cylindrical, 2~8 mm in diameter; The surface is yellow-green or brown, with longitudinal edges and fine texture, and inverted coarse hair. The stem leaves are mostly curled or broken, with white hairs on both surfaces, completely pinnately parted or completely parted, with 5~11 lobes and serrated edges; The upper stem leaves are smaller, often 3-lobed. There are inflorescence or infructescence on the branch tip, small yellow flower. The achenes are oblong, without membranous winglike bracts. The herb has a peculiar odor, and its taste is slightly bitter.
(2).Patrinia villosa Juss.
Botanical description: It is commonly known as White-flower Patrinia, Bái Huā Bài Jiànɡ. Herbs perennial, 50~120 cm tall; Underground rhizome long and crosswalk, occasionally on the surface of prostrate growth; Stem densely white appressed coarsely hairy or longitudinally appressed shortly appressed laterally joined to two petioles, sometimes glabrous. Basal leaves clustered, leaf blade ovate, broadly ovate or ovate-lanceolate to oblong-lanceolate. Inflorescences of terminal panicles or cymes, branches to 5-6, peduncle densely scabrous with long or only 2 rows of scabrous hairs. Achene obovate, adnate with persistently enlarged bracts. It is flowering from August to October, fruiting from September to November.
Ecological environment: The plant grows in the area at an altitude of 50~400~1500~2000 meters above sea level, in mountain forests, forest margins or thickets, grass. In China, it mainly distributes in the Yangtze River area and the Zhujiang river area, Taiwan.
Growth characteristics: The Patrinia villosa Juss prefers a slightly humid environment, resistance to sub cold, general soil is suitable for cultivation, but the more fertile and active sand holding loam is better.
Characters of herbs: The rhizome is short, about 10 cm long, some with long slender stolons, the fracture surface has no brown heart wood; The stem is smooth, the diameter can reach 1.1 cm, the whole leaves are oval or oblong, undivided or with 1 pair of lobules at the base; flowers are white, bracts are membranous, with 2 main veins.
Pharmacological actions: ①.inhibitory effect on the influenza virus; ②.sedative effect; ③.promote the regeneration of liver cells and prevent the degeneration of liver cells; ④.anti-cancer effect.
Medicinal efficacy: Clearing heat and detoxification, expelling phlegm and discharging pus, activate blood circulation and discharging pus. It is indicated for acute appendicitis, abscess of the lung, carbuncle swelling, dysentery, leukorrhea with reddish discharge, postpartum blood stasis abdominal pain, carbuncle malignant boil, red eyes swelling pain, carbuncle swelling, and scabies.
Administration of Herba Patriniae(Bài Jiànɡ):
Administration Guide of Herba Patriniae(Bài Jiànɡ)
①.Internally:6~15 grams,water decoction.Externally:proper amount;②.Internally:water decoction, 3~5 qian(about 9~15 grams),fresh herb 2~4 liang(about 60~120 grams).Externally:mashed and apply stick;③.Internally:water decoction, 10~15 grams,Externally:fresh herb proper amount,mashed and apply stick at affected area.
Herbs Clearing Heat and Counteracting Toxins.
Introduction:Herbs Clearing Heat and Counteracting Toxins:an agent or substance herbs that counteracts heat toxins or fire toxins, mainly indicated in the treatment of boils, sores, abscess, erysipelas, epidemic infectious diseases, mumps, dysentery, insect or snake bite, and burns.
URL QR code:
1.Introduction of Bai Jiang:Patrinia Herb or Herba Patriniae.