Introduction of Ban Zhi Lian:Barbated Skullcap Herb or Herba Scutellariae Barbatae.

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The TCM herbalism is also known as pharmaceutics of Traditional Chinese Medicine, or Chinese pharmaceutics, is the branch of health science dealing with the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of Chinese herbs. It is majorly composed of Introduction of Chinese Medicinals, Classification of Chinese Herbs, Formulas, and Patent medicines.

Classifications of Herbs:Herbs Clearing Heat and Counteracting Toxins.

 TCM Herbs Icon05 Introduction:Herbs Clearing Heat and Counteracting Toxins:an agent or substance herbs that counteracts heat toxins or fire toxins, mainly indicated in the treatment of boils, sores, abscess, erysipelas, epidemic infectious diseases, mumps, dysentery, insect or snake bite, and burns.

 
Herba Scutellariae Barbatae(Barbated Skullcap Herb).

Barbated Skullcap Herb Pin Yin Name: Bàn Zhī Lián.
 English Name: Barbated Skullcap Herb.
 Latin Name: Herba Scutellariae Barbatae.
 Property and flavor: cold, pungent, slight bitter.

 Brief introduction: The herb Herba Scutellariae Barbatae is the dried entire plant of Scutellaria barbata D. Don(family Labiatae), used for the treatment of boils and sore, cirrhosis of the liver with ascites, and snake- and insect bite. It is commonly known as Barbed Skullcap Herb, Herb of Barbed Skullcap, Bàn Zhī Lián.

 Botanical source: Common herbal classics and official herbal classics defined the herb Herba Scutellariae Barbatae(Barbated Skullcap Herb) as the dried entire plant of (1).Scutellaria barbata Don. It is a plant of the Scutellaria Linn. Genus, Lamiaceae family, Lamiales order plant. This commonly used species is introduced as:

(1).Scutellaria barbata Don.


 Scutellaria barbata Don.:flowers Botanical description: Herbs perennial, 15~50 cm tall. Stem four-prismatic, glabrous or sparsely appressed to small hairs at the upper part of the inflorescence axis, unbranched or with more or fewer branches. Leaves on a; Petiole length 1~3 mm; Leaf blade ovate, triangular-ovate or lanceolate, 1~3 cm long, 0.4~1.5 cm wide, apex acute or slightly obtuse, base broadly cuneate or sub truncate, margin sparsely shallowly obtuse, upper olive-green, lower purplish, both surfaces sparsely appressed short or subglabrous along veins, lateral veins 2-3 pairs, with midvein ascending below. Flowers opposite, lateral, arranged into 4~10 terminal or fur-bearing racemes; Subbracts leaflike, smaller, upper gradually becoming smaller, entire; Pedicels 1~2 mm long, puberulent, 1 pair of acicular bracteoles about 0.5 mm in the middle; Calyx 2~2.5 mm long, to 4 mm when fruiting, outer veins puberulent, lobes shortly hairy, shield 1 mm high, to 2 mm when fruiting. Corolla blue-purple, 1~1.4 cm long, pubescent outside, the base of corolla tube saclike, 1.5 mm wide, gradually widened upward to 3.5 mm throat, upper lip cap too, ca. 2 mm long, lower lip wider, middle lobe trapezoid, ca. 3 mm long, lateral lobes triangular-ovate. Stamens 4, longer to anteriorly, with the fertile half, a degenerative half part is not obvious, shorter to anteriorly, with a complete, sparsely pubescent lower part of filament; Disk-shaped, anterior raised, posterior extended into a short ovary stalk; Ovary 4-lobed, style slender. Nutlet brown, oblate, ca. 1 mm in diameter, with small warty projections. Its flowering period is from May to October, fruiting from June to November.

 Scutellaria barbata Don.:flowering plant Ecological environment: The plant grows on stream, field, or wet grassland. Resource distribution: The plant mainly distributes in the east and south area, the middle reaches area of the Yangtze River, the north area, the Hanjiang river area, China.

 Growth characteristics: The plant Scutellaria barbata prefers a warm and humid climate, it is appropriate to choose loose and fertile, well-drained loam or sandy loam for cultivation.

 Barbated Skullcap Herb:herb photo Characters of herbs: whole grass length 15~30 cm. Roots slender. Stem 4-prism, 2~5 mm in diameter, yellowish-green to dark purple. Leaves opposite, wrinkled or curly, ovate-lanceolate, 1.5~3 cm long, 0.5~1 cm wide, sparsely pilose, dark green above, grayish-green below; Petiole short or nearly no shank. Branch apex with racemes to one side, with residual persistent calyx, sometimes containing four small nuts. The stem is soft and easily broken. Slight smell, bitter taste. With color green, taste bitter better.

 Pharmacological actions: ①.mild inhibitory effect on acute myeloid leukemia blood cells; ②.diuretic effect; ③.inhibitory effects on staphylococcus aureus, Shigeila flexneri, typhoid bacillus, escherichia coli, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa in vitro.

 Medicinal efficacy: Clear heat, detoxify, dissipate blood stasis, stanch bleeding, relieve pain, diuretic, detumescence(reduce swelling). It is indicated for hematemesis, epistaxis, bloody stranguria, red dysentery, jaundice, sore throat, pyretic toxic carbuncle and swelling, pulmonary abscess, acute appendicitis, furuncle and ulcer, scrofula, sore poison, edema, ascites and cancer, traumatic injury of knife wounds, traumatic injury of fall, snake bites, venomous snake bite, etc.

 Administration of Herba Scutellariae Barbatae(Bàn Zhī Lián): 
 
Reference: Administration Guide of Herba Scutellariae Barbatae(Bàn Zhī Lián)
TCM Books: NA(CP), Internally:water decoction, 0.5~1 liang(about 15~30 grams), fresh herb 1~2 liang(about 30~60 grams), or extract juice. Externally:mashed and apply stick.(DCTM), Internally:water decoction, 15~30 grams, double dosage for fresh herb, or prepared to pill, powder. Externally:proper amount, fresh herb is mashed and apply stick(CHMM).
 Contraindications,Precautions and Adverse Reactions:herb Herba Scutelloariae Barbatae should be used cautiously during pregnancy.

 
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References:
  • 1.Introduction of Ban Zhi Lian:Barbated Skullcap Herb or Herba Scutellariae Barbatae.
  • 2.TCM Books:DCTM(Dictionary of the Chinese Traditional Medicine),CHMM(Chinese Herbal Materia Medica).

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