Introduction of Ban Bian Lian:Chinese Lobelia Herb or Herba Lobeliae Chinensis.

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The TCM herbalism is also known as pharmaceutics of Traditional Chinese Medicine, or Chinese pharmaceutics, is the branch of health science dealing with the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of Chinese herbs. It is majorly composed of Introduction of Chinese Medicinals, Classification of Chinese Herbs, Formulas, and Patent medicines.

Classifications of Herbs:Herbs Clearing Heat and Counteracting Toxins.

 TCM Herbs Icon05 Introduction: Herbs Clearing Heat and Counteracting Toxins: an agent or substance herbs that counteracts heat toxins or fire toxins, mainly indicated in the treatment of boils, sores, abscess, erysipelas, epidemic infectious diseases, mumps, dysentery, insect or snake bite, and burns.

 
Herba Lobeliae Chinensis(Chinese Lobelia Herb).

Lobelia chinensis Lour Pin Yin Name: Bàn Biān Lián.
 English Name: Chinese Lobelia Herb.
 Latin Name: Herba Lobeliae Chinensis.
 Property and flavor: neutral, pungent.

 Brief introduction: The herb Herba Lobeliae Chinensis is the dried entire plant of Lobelia chinensis Lour.(family Campanulaceae), used to clear heat, counteract toxins and induce diuresis for treating anasarca, ascites, boils and snake-and insect-bite. The herb is commonly known as Herba Lobeliae Chinensis, Chinese Lobelia Herb, Bàn Biān Lián.

 Botanical source: Common herbal classics and official herbal classics defined the herb Herba Lobeliae Chinensis(Chinese Lobelia Herb) as the dried entire plant of (1). Lobelia chinensis Lour. It is a plant of the Lobelia L. Genus, Campanulaceae family, Campanulales order plant. This commonly used species is introduced as:

(1).Lobelia chinensis Lour.


 Lobelia chinensis Lour Botanical description: It is commonly known as Bàn Biān Lián, Chinese Lobelia Herb, Herb of Chinese Lobelia, Chinese Lobelia. Herbaceous perennial, tall to 10 cm. Stem slender, much prostrate on the ground, root at nodes, branches erect, glabrous, broken with white breast sweat. Leaves alternate; Sessile or nearly sessile; Leaf blade narrowly lanceolate or striate, 8~25 mm long, apex acute, entire or undulate sparsely shallowly serrate, glabrous. Flowers bisexual, usually 1 flower, upper leaf axils branched, base with 2, 1 or no bracteoles ca. 1 mm long, bracteoles glabrous; Calyx tube obconate, base tapering and pedicels not distinctly distinguished, 3~5 mm long, glabrous, 5 lobes, narrowly triangular; Corolla pink or white, 10~15 mm long, abaxially lobed to base, below larynx with white pilose, 5 lobes, all spreading below, one plane, 2 lateral lobes lanceolate, longer, 3 middle lobes elliptic-lanceolate, shorter; 5 stamens, ca. 8 mm, anthers connate upper, anthers 2 hairy below, 3 glabrous above, lower half of filament separated. 1 pistil, ovary inferior, 2 hairy, 3 glabrous above, filaments lower half separated; 1 pistil, ovary inferior, 2-locule. Capsule obconical, ca. 6 mm long. Seeds elliptic, slightly flattened, nearly fleshy. Its flowering period is from May to August, fruiting from August to October.

 Lobelia chinensis Lour Ecological environment: continuous harvest for many years after planting. In summer and autumn, the plant grows luxuriantly, chooses sunny days, pick the herb with root, wash and dry. Resources distribution: The plant mainly distributes in the Yangtze River area and the Zhujiang river area, and the southwest area of China.

 Growth characteristics: The plant Lobelia chinensis prefers a warm and humid climate, easy to grow in the humid ditch, beach wetland. Afraid of drought, cold, and waterlogging. It is advisable to cultivate in loose and fertile clay loam.

 Characters of herbs: all length 15~35 cm, often tangles. Roots fine, lateral slender fibrous roots. Rhizome slender cylindrical, 1~2 mm in diameter; Surface light yellow or yellowish-brown, with fine longitudinal lines. Stem slender, branched, grayish-green, articulate. Leaves alternate, sessile, shriveled, greenish-brown, narrowly lanceolate or small, solitary in leaf axils; Corolla joined at the base, upper 5 lobed, lateral. Light smell, taste light sweet and spicy. With stem leaf color green, root yellow is better.

 Pharmacological actions: ①.anti-venom effect; ②.antihypertensive effect; ③.diuretic effect; ④.dilate the bronchus; ⑤.choleretic effect; ⑥.bacteriostasic activity, and other effects.

 Medicinal efficacy: Clear heat and detoxification, prompt diuresis, and reduces swelling. It is indicated for venomous snake bite, carbuncle swollen and malignant boil, tonsillitis, eczema, tinea pedis, traumatic injury of fall, damp-heat jaundice, appendicitis, enteritis, nephritis, ascites due to cirrhosis, and a variety of cancers.

 Administration of Herba Lobeliae Chinensis(Bàn Biān Lián): 
 
Reference: Administration Guide of Herba Lobeliae Chinensis(Bàn Biān Lián)
TCM Books: Internally:9~15 grams(CP),Internally:water decoction, 0.5~1 liang(about 15~30 grams), or extract juice and take.Externally:mashed and apply stick, or extract juice and smear apply(DCTM),Internally:water decoction, 15~30 grams,or extract juice.Externally:proper amount, mashed and apply stick, or extract juice and smear apply(CHMM).

 
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References:
  • 1.Introduction of Ban Bian Lian:Chinese Lobelia Herb or Herba Lobeliae Chinensis.
  • 2.TCM Books:DCTM(Dictionary of the Chinese Traditional Medicine),CHMM(Chinese Herbal Materia Medica).

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