Introduction of Ban Bian Lian:Chinese Lobelia Herb or Herba Lobeliae Chinensis.
✵The article gives records of the herb Chinese Lobelia Herb, its English name, Latin name, property and flavor, its botanical source one plant species, ①.Lobelia chinensis Lour., with a detailed introduction to the botanical features of this plant species, the growth characteristics, and ecological environment of this plant species, the features of the herb Chinese Lobelia Herb, its pharmacological actions, medicinal efficacy, and administration guide.
Herba Lobeliae Chinensis(Chinese Lobelia Herb).
Pin Yin Name: Bàn Biān Lián.
English Name: Chinese Lobelia Herb.
Latin Name: Herba Lobeliae Chinensis.
Property and flavor: neutral in nature, pungent.
Brief introduction: The herb Herba Lobeliae Chinensis is the dried entire plant of Lobelia chinensis Lour.(family Campanulaceae), used to clear heat, counteract toxins and induce diuresis for treating anasarca, ascites, boils and snake-and insect-bite. The herb is commonly known as Herba Lobeliae Chinensis, Chinese Lobelia Herb, Bàn Biān Lián.
Botanical source: Common herbal classics and official herbal classics defined the herb Herba Lobeliae Chinensis(Chinese Lobelia Herb) as the dried entire plant of (1). Lobelia chinensis Lour. It is a plant of the Lobelia L. Genus, Campanulaceae family, Campanulales order plant. This commonly used species is introduced as:
(1).Lobelia chinensis Lour.
Botanical description: It is commonly known as Bàn Biān Lián, Chinese Lobelia Herb, Herb of Chinese Lobelia, Chinese Lobelia. Herbaceous perennial, tall to 10 cm. Stem slender, much prostrate on the ground, root at nodes, branches erect, glabrous, broken with white breast sweat. Leaves alternate; Sessile or nearly sessile; Leaf blade narrowly lanceolate or striate, 8~25 mm long, apex acute, entire or undulate sparsely shallowly serrate, glabrous. Flowers bisexual, usually 1 flower, upper leaf axils branched, base with 2, 1 or no bracteoles ca. 1 mm long, bracteoles glabrous; Calyx tube obconate, base tapering and pedicels not distinctly distinguished, 3~5 mm long, glabrous, 5 lobes, narrowly triangular; Corolla pink or white, 10~15 mm long, abaxially lobed to base, below larynx with white pilose, 5 lobes, all spreading below, one plane, 2 lateral lobes lanceolate, longer, 3 middle lobes elliptic-lanceolate, shorter; 5 stamens, ca. 8 mm, anthers connate upper, anthers 2 hairy below, 3 glabrous above, lower half of filament separated. 1 pistil, ovary inferior, 2 hairy, 3 glabrous above, filaments lower half separated; 1 pistil, ovary inferior, 2-locule. Capsule obconical, ca. 6 mm long. Seeds elliptic, slightly flattened, nearly fleshy. Its flowering period is from May to August, fruiting from August to October.
Ecological environment: continuous harvest for many years after planting. In summer and autumn, the plant grows luxuriantly, chooses sunny days, pick the herb with root, wash and dry. Resources distribution: The plant mainly distributes in the Yangtze River area and the Zhujiang river area, and the southwest area of China.
Growth characteristics: The plant Lobelia chinensis prefers a warm and humid climate, easy to grow in the humid ditch, beach wetland. Afraid of drought, cold, and waterlogging. It is advisable to cultivate in loose and fertile clay loam.
Characters of herbs: The whole plant is 15~35 cm long, often tangled into a ball. The roots are fine, and there are lateral slender fibrous roots. The rhizome is thin and long, cylindrical, with a diameter of 1~2 mm; The surface is yellowish or yellowish brown, with fine longitudinal stripes. The stem is thin and long, branched, gray-green, with obvious nodes. The leaves are alternate, sessile, wrinkled and green-brown. After flattening, the leaves are narrowly lanceolate, 1~2.5 cm long and 0.2~0.5 cm wide, with sparse and shallow teeth or entire edges. Pedicel is thin and long, flowers are small, grows solitarily in leaf axils; Corolla base commissure, the upper part is 5-lobed, leaning to one side, light purple, with white hairs in corolla tube. The herb has a slight specific odor, it tastes slightly sweet and pungent. The herb which stems and leaves are green, the root is yellow, is better.
Pharmacological actions: ①.anti-venom effect; ②.antihypertensive effect; ③.diuretic effect; ④.dilate the bronchus; ⑤.choleretic effect; ⑥.bacteriostasic activity, and other effects.
Medicinal efficacy: Clear heat and detoxification, prompt diuresis, and reduces swelling. It is indicated for venomous snake bite, carbuncle swollen and malignant boil, tonsillitis, eczema, tinea pedis, traumatic injury of fall, damp-heat jaundice, appendicitis, enteritis, nephritis, ascites due to cirrhosis, and a variety of cancers.
Administration of Herba Lobeliae Chinensis(Bàn Biān Lián):
Administration Guide of Herba Lobeliae Chinensis(Bàn Biān Lián)
①.Internally:9~15 grams;②.Internally:water decoction, 0.5~1 liang(about 15~30 grams), or extract juice and take.Externally:mashed and apply stick, or extract juice and smear apply;③.Internally:water decoction, 15~30 grams,or extract juice.Externally:proper amount, mashed and apply stick, or extract juice and smear apply.
Herbs Clearing Heat and Counteracting Toxins.
Introduction: Herbs Clearing Heat and Counteracting Toxins: an agent or substance herbs that counteracts heat toxins or fire toxins, mainly indicated in the treatment of boils, sores, abscess, erysipelas, epidemic infectious diseases, mumps, dysentery, insect or snake bite, and burns.
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1.Introduction of Ban Bian Lian:Chinese Lobelia Herb or Herba Lobeliae Chinensis.