Introduction of Ban Bian Lian:Chinese Lobelia Herb or Herba Lobeliae Chinensis.

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The article gives records of the herb Chinese Lobelia Herb, its English name, Latin name, property and flavor, its botanical source one plant species, ①.Lobelia chinensis Lour., with a detailed introduction to the botanical features of this plant species, the growth characteristics, and ecological environment of this plant species, the features of the herb Chinese Lobelia Herb, its pharmacological actions, medicinal efficacy, and administration guide.

Herba Lobeliae Chinensis(Chinese Lobelia Herb).

flowering plants of Lobelia chinensis Lour with pinkish flowers grow in a cluster Pin Yin Name: Bàn Biān Lián.
 English Name: Chinese Lobelia Herb.
 Latin Name: Herba Lobeliae Chinensis.
 Property and flavor: neutral in nature, pungent.

 Brief introduction: The herb Herba Lobeliae Chinensis is the dried entire plant of Lobelia chinensis Lour., used to clear heat, counteract toxins and induce diuresis for treating anasarca, ascites, boils and snake-and insect-bite. The herb is commonly known as Herba Lobeliae Chinensis, Chinese Lobelia Herb, Bàn Biān Lián.

 Botanical source: Herbal classic book and official herbal classics defined the herb Herba Lobeliae Chinensis (Chinese Lobelia Herb) as the dried entire plant of (1). Lobelia chinensis Lour. It is a plant of the Lobelia L. Genus, Campanulaceae family (bellflower family), Campanulales order. This commonly used species is introduced:

(1).Lobelia chinensis Lour.


 flowering plants of Lobelia chinensis Lour with four pink flowers grow in sunny days Botanical description: Lobelia chinensis Lour is also known as Lobelia radicans Thunb. (L.radicans Thunb.), it is commonly known as Bàn Biān Lián. A perennial dwarf herb, the plant grows up to only 10 cm tall. The stem is slender, mostly is procumbent on the ground, the root grows at nodes, branches are upright, glabrous, and white latex exudes when it is broken. Leaves are alternate; sessile or subsessile; leaf blades are narrow-lanceolate or strip-shaped, 8~25 mm long, apex is sharp-pointed, entire or undulated sparsely shallow serrated, glabrous.

 Flowers are hermaphroditic, usually, 1 flower, grows in the leaf axils on the upper part of branches, the base has 2, or 1 bracteole with a length of about 1 mm, or no, bracteoles are glabrous; the calyx tube is obconical, and the base is narrowing and doesn't distinctly distinguish from pedicels, 3~5 mm long, glabrous, 5 lobes, narrowly triangular; corolla is pink or white, 10~15 mm long, the back split to the base, the part below corolla throat has white pilose, 5 lobes, all explanate underneath, form a plane surface, 2 lateral lobes are lanceolate, longer, 3 middle lobes are elliptic-lanceolate, shorter; 5 stamens, about 8 mm long, the upper part of filaments connate with anther, 2 lower anthers are piliferous, 3 upper anthers are glabrous, the lower half part of the filament is separated. 1 pistil, ovary is inferior, 2-loculed.

 Capsularfruit is obconical, about 6 mm long. Seeds are elliptical, slightly oblate, and nearly carneous. Its flowering period is from May to August, and the fruiting period is from August to October.

 several plants of Lobelia chinensis Lour grow in field with four pink flowers Ecological environment: The plant grows near to irrigated fields, roadsides, sides of the ditch, moist shady slopes, and wasteland. The plant is mainly distributed in the Yangtze River area and the Zhujiang river area, and the southwest area of China.

 Growth characteristics: The plant Lobelia chinensis prefers a warm and humid climate, and grows easily in humid ditch sides, and riverine wetlands. It is afraid of drought, but is tolerant to coldness, and waterlogging. It is advisable to cultivate in loose and fertile clay loam.

 dried herb segments of Chinese Lobelia Herb are in a pile Characters of herbs: The whole plant is 15~35 cm long, often tangled into a lump. The roots are thin and small and have lateral fine fibrous roots. The rhizome is elongated cylindrical, 1~2 mm in diameter; the surface is primrose yellow (pale yellow) or yellowish-brown, with fine longitudinal striations. The stem is thin and long, branched, celadon (sage green or grayish green), with conspicuous nodes. The leaves are alternate and sessile; leaf blades are mostly shriveled, and greenish-brown, after flattening, the leaves are narrow-lanceolate or ovate-oblong, 1~2.5 cm long, 2~5 mm wide, leaf edge is sparsely serrate. Pedicel is thin and long; flowers are small, grows solitary in leaf axils; corolla connate at the base, the upper part is 5-lobed, leaning to one side, mauve (lilac), with white hairs in corolla tube. The herb has a slightly specific odor, and it tastes slight sweet and pungent. The herb of a better grade has green stems and leaves, and yellow roots.

 Pharmacological actions: ①.anti-venom effect; ②.antihypertensive effect; ③.diuretic effect; ④.dilate the bronchus; ⑤.choleretic effect; ⑥.bacteriostasic activity, and other effects.

 Medicinal efficacy: Clear heat and detoxification, prompt diuresis, and reduces swelling. It is indicated for venomous snake bite, carbuncle swollen and malignant boil, tonsillitis, eczema, tinea pedis, traumatic injury of fall, damp-heat jaundice, appendicitis, enteritis, nephritis, ascites due to cirrhosis, and a variety of cancers.

 Administration of Herba Lobeliae Chinensis (Bàn Biān Lián): 
 
Reference: Administration Guide of Herba Lobeliae Chinensis (Bàn Biān Lián)
TCM Books: ①.Internally:9~15 grams; ②.Internally:water decoction, 0.5~1 liang (about 15~30 grams), or extract juice and take.Externally:mashed and apply stick, or extract juice and smear apply; ③.Internally:water decoction, 15~30 grams,or extract juice.Externally:proper amount, mashed and apply stick, or extract juice and smear apply.

 

 
  

 

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References:
  • 1.Introduction of Ban Bian Lian:Chinese Lobelia Herb or Herba Lobeliae Chinensis.

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