Introduction of Ji Gu Cao:Canton Love-pea Vine or Herba Abri.
✵The article gives records of the herb Canton Love-pea Vine, its English name, Latin name, property and flavor, its botanical source one plant species, ①.Abrus cantoniensis Hance, with a detailed introduction to the botanical features of this plant species, the growth characteristics, and ecological environment of this plant species, the features of the herb Canton Love-pea Vine, its pharmacological actions, medicinal efficacy, and administration guide.
Herba Abri(Canton Love-pea Vine).
Pin Yin Name: Jī Gǔ Cǎo.
English Name: Canton Love-pea Vine.
Latin Name: Herba Abri.
Property and flavor: slightly bitter, cool, sweet.
Brief introduction: The Herb Herba Abri is the dried entire plant of Abrus cantoniensis Hance(family Leguminosae), used to clear heat, remove damp, soothe the liver and alleviate pain for treating hepatitis and epigastric pain. The herb is commonly known as Herba Abri, Canton Love-pea Vine, Jī Gǔ Cǎo.
Botanical source: Common herbal classics defined the herb Herba Abri(Canton Love-pea Vine) as the dried entire plant of species (1). Abrus cantoniensis Hance, it is a plant of the Abrus. Genus, the Leguminosae family of the Rosales order. This commonly used species is introduced as:
(1).Abrus cantoniensis Hance.
Botanical description: It is commonly known as Guang Dong Xiang Si Zi or Canton Love-pea Vine. Climbing shrubs, 1 meter long; Branchlets and petioles covered with coarse hairs. Taproots are stout, up to 60 cm. Stem fine, dark reddish-purple, young part densely covered with tawny hair. Even feathered compound leaves; Leaflets 7~12 pairs, obovate-shaped or oblong, 5~12 mm long, 3~5 mm wide, apex truncate with small awn tips, base shallowly cordate, upper sparsely hirsute, lower clingy hirsute, veinlets protruding on both sides; Leaf support is opposite. Racemes short, axillary; Flower length is about 6 mm; Calyx bell shape; Corolla is prominent, reddish; 9 stamens, united into tubules, clingy with the flaps, distally; Ovary nearly sessile, style short. Pod is oblong, flat, sparsely hairy, with 4~5 seeds. Seeds are oblong, flat, brown-black, carumba distinct, waxy yellow, middle perforated, margin 1 oblong ring, navel brown needle-like, close to pod margin. It is flowering in August, fruiting from September to October.
Ecological environment: The plant grows on the edge of the mountain or wild bush. Resource distribution: The plant mainly distributes in Guangdong, Guangxi, and other areas of China. Cultivation biological characteristics: The plant prefers warm, wet, afraid of cold, drought tolerance, avoid waterlogging. Loose, fertile loam, sandy loam, light clay, the pH 5-6.5 soil environment is suitable.
Growth characteristics: The plant grows in the mountains or wilderness bush forest edge. It prefers warm, wet, afraid of cold, drought resistance, avoid waterlogging. The loose, fertile loam, sandy loam, light clay, pH 5~6.5 environment is suitable.
Characters of herbs: The herb is a whole plant with roots, and it is often twisted into bundles. The roots are mostly cylindrical or conical, with branches, different in length and thickness, thick at the top and thin at the bottom, with a diameter of 3-15 mm, the surface is gray-brown, rough, with fine longitudinal lines, the branch roots are extremely fine, some are broken or with residues, the texture of the herb is hard. The rhizome is short, nodular. The stems are clustered, rattan-shaped, 50~100 cm long and 1.5~2.5 mm in diameter; The surface is grayish brown to purple brown, the branchlets( ramellus twigs ) are slender and fine, the branchlets are brownish red and sparsely covered with short fluff; Feather-shaped compound leaves are alternate, with 8~11 pairs of leaflets, most of them shedding, leaflets are oblong, 8~12 mm in length, truncated apex, with small protruding cusp, and the back surface is covered with hairs. The herb has a slightly fragrant aroma, it tastes slightly bitter. The herb which roots are thick, stems and leaves are complete is better.
Pharmacological actions: ①. Influence on intestinal smooth muscle; ②. Enhance the swimming endurance of mice; ③. Other effects: Crude saponins of Herba Abri have significant protective effect on liver injury caused by CCl4.
Medicinal efficacy: Clearing heat and eliminate dampness, dispersing stasis and relieving pain. It is indicated for jaundice hepatitis, stomachache, rheumatic bone pain, bruising pain, breast pain, etc.
Administration of Herba Abri(Jī Gǔ Cǎo):
Administration Guide of Herba Abri(Jī Gǔ Cǎo)
①.Internally:15~30 grams;②.Internally:water decoction, 3~5 qian(about 9~15 grams), or prepare to pill,powder.Externally:mashed and apply stick;③.Internally:water decoction, 15~30 grams, or prepared to pill, powder.Externally:proper amount,mashed and apply stick.
Contraindications,Precautions and Adverse Reactions: the seeds are poisonous, could not be used,the pods should be removed completely before using as a herb. The herb Herba Abri should be used cautiously in conditions deficiency cold and physical weakness.
Herbs Clearing Heat and Drying Dampness.
Introduction: Herbs Clearing Heat and Drying Dampness: an agent or substance bitter in taste and cold in property that is effective for eliminating heat and dampness, usually used in the treatment of diseases caused by damp-heat, such as acute jaundice, acute dysentery, urinary infection, eczema, boils and abscesses.
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1.Introduction of Ji Gu Cao:Canton Love-pea Vine or Herba Abri.