Introduction of Qing Xiang Zi:Feather Cockscomb Seed or Semen Celosiae.

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The article gives records of the herb Feather Cockscomb Seed, its English name, Latin name, property and flavor, its botanical source one plant species, ①.Celosia argentea L., with a detailed introduction to the botanical features of this plant species, the growth characteristics, and ecological environment of this plant species, the features of the herb Feather Cockscomb Seed, its pharmacological actions, medicinal efficacy, and administration guide.

Semen Celosiae(Feather Cockscomb Seed).

a flowering plant of Celosia argentea L,with several pink flowers Pin Yin Name: Qīnɡ Xiānɡ Zǐ.
 English Name: Feather Cockscomb Seed.
 Latin Name: Semen Celosiae.
 Property and flavor: slightly cold, bitter.

 Brief introduction: The herb Semen Celosiae is the dried ripe seed of Celosia argentea L., used to clear the liver of heat, improve vision and remove nebula for the treatment of acute conjunctivitis, blurred eyesight due to nebula, and dizziness due to hyperactivity of the liver. The herb is commonly known as Semen Celosiae, Feather Cockscomb Seed, or Qīnɡ Xiānɡ Zǐ.

 Botanical source: The herb Semen Celosiae (Feather Cockscomb Seed) is the dried mature seed of the Celosia argentea L., it is a plant of the Celosia L. genus, the Amaranthaceae family (amaranth family) of the Centrospermae order.

 Herbal classic book defined the herb Semen Celosiae (Feather Cockscomb Seed, Qīnɡ Xiānɡ Zǐ) as the dried ripe seed of (1). Celosia argentea L. This commonly used species is introduced:

(1).Celosia argentea L.

 growing plants of Celosia argentea L,a cluster of flowering plants grow in field with pink flower spikes Botanical description: Celosia argentea L is also known as Qīnɡ Xiānɡ. An annual herb, the plant grows up to 30~90 cm tall. The whole plant is glabrous. The stem is upright, usually, the upper part is branched, green or reddish violet (reddish-purple), and striate. Simple leaves are alternate; petioles are 2~15 mm long, or sessile; leaf blades are chartaceous (papery), lanceolate or oblong-lanceolate, 5~9 cm long, 1~3 cm wide, the apex is pointed or long acuminate, the base is narrowing and slightly descending, entire.

 Flowers grow densely, at initial stage flowers are faint red, later turn silvery white, spike grows solitary on stem top or branch apex, cylindrical or conical, 3~10 cm long, bracts, bracteoles and tepals are scarious, white and glossy. 5 tepals, white or pink, lanceolate; 5 stamens, lower part connate to cyathiform (cotyloid), anthers are purple.

 Utricles are ovate-elliptic, the fruit operculum cracks, the upper part falls off as calotte (cap-shape), and the top has a persistent style, wrapped in persistent perianth lobes. Seeds are disc-shaped, black, and bright. Its flowering period is from May to August, and the fruiting period is from June to October.

 pink purple flowers of Celosia argentea L grow on stem tips Ecological environment: The plant grows on slopes, roadsides, and sunny plains in dry places. Resource distribution: The plant grows in the wild field or is cultivated in most areas of China.

 Growth characteristics: The plant prefers a warm and moist climate. Its requirement of soil is not strict, it is better to cultivate the plant in fertile sandy soil with good drainage. Avoid waterlogging, and low-lying areas are not suitable for planting.

 a pile of Feather Cockscomb Seed Characters of herbs: The herb is disc-shaped, and a few are round reniform, 1~1.8 mm in diameter. The surface is black or reddish-black, bright, the center part is slightly raised, reticulated patterns are visible under a magnifying glass, slightly concave part on one side is seed hilum. Seeds are easily sticky, the spermoderm (seed coat) is thin and fragile, and the endosperm is off-white. The herb is odorless, has a mild taste. The herb of a better grade has full grains, is black and glossy.

 Pharmacological actions: ①.Antibacterial effect:decoction has a strong inhibitory effect on Pseudomonas aeruginosa. After 10% decoction is used on infected wounds, pseudomonas aeruginosa no longer grows, and there is no obvious stimulation on wounds; ②.shorten the time of recalcification in rabbit plasma; ③.effect of lowering intraocular pressure.

 Medicinal efficacy: Clear liver, brighten eyes, relieve slight corneal opacity. It is indicated for the treatment of liver heat and red eyes, red eyes and swollen painful, corneal opacity, dim sighted, hypertension, dizziness caused by liver fire, epistaxis, itching of skin due to wind-heat, sores and tinea.

 Administration of Semen Celosiae (Qīnɡ Xiānɡ Zǐ): 
Reference: Administration Guide of Semen Celosiae (Qīnɡ Xiānɡ Zǐ)
TCM Books: ①.Internally:9~15 grams; ②.Internally:water decoction, 3~5 qian (about 9~15 grams); ③.Internally:water decoction, 3~15 grams.Externally:proper amount, prepare to ground herb powder and apply stick,extract juice and pour in nose.
 Precautions and Adverse Reactions: the herb Semen Celosiae has the effect of diffusing the pupil, it should not be taken in conditions glaucoma.




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