Introduction of Qing Xiang Zi:Feather Cockscomb Seed or Semen Celosiae.

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The article gives records of the herb Feather Cockscomb Seed, its English name, Latin name, property and flavor, its botanical source one plant species, ①.Celosia argentea L., with a detailed introduction to the botanical features of this plant species, the growth characteristics, and ecological environment of this plant species, the features of the herb Feather Cockscomb Seed, its pharmacological actions, medicinal efficacy, and administration guide.

Semen Celosiae(Feather Cockscomb Seed).

Celosia argentea L:flowering plant Pin Yin Name: Qīnɡ Xiānɡ Zǐ.
 English Name: Feather Cockscomb Seed.
 Latin Name: Semen Celosiae.
 Property and flavor: slightly cold, bitter.

 Brief introduction: The herb Semen Celosiae is the dried ripe seed of Celosia argentea L., used to clear the liver of heat, improve vision and remove nebula for the treatment of acute conjunctivitis, blurred eyesight due to nebula, and dizziness due to hyperactivity of the liver. The herb is commonly known as Semen Celosiae, Feather Cockscomb Seed, or Qīnɡ Xiānɡ Zǐ.

 Botanical source: The herb Semen Celosiae(Feather Cockscomb Seed) is the dried mature seed of the Celosia argentea L., it is a plant of the Celosia L. genus, the Amaranthaceae family (amaranth family) of the Centrospermae order.

 Celosia argentea L:cluster of flowering plants Herbal classic book defined the herb Semen Celosiae(Feather Cockscomb Seed, Qīnɡ Xiānɡ Zǐ) as the dried ripe seed of (1). Celosia argentea L. This commonly used species is introduced:

(1).Celosia argentea L..

 Botanical description: Annual herb, 30~90 cm tall. The whole plant is glabrous. Stem upright, usually upper branched, green or reddish-purple, striate. Single leaves are alternate; Petiole 2~15 mm long, or sessile; Leaf blade is papery, lanceolate or oblong-taxiform, 5~9 cm long, 1~3 cm wide, apex apiculate or long apiculate, base tapering and slightly descending, entire. Flowers densely, first reddish, later silver-white, spike solitary on stem or branch apex, cylindrical or conical, 3~10 cm long, bracts, bracteoles and tepals membranous, white and shiny. 5 tepals, white or pink, lanceolate; 5 stamens, lower connate cup-shaped, anthers purple. Fruit is ovoid elliptic, cover the crack, upper part makes cap shape fall off, the top has persistent style, envelope in persistent perianth piece. Seeds are oblate, black, bright. Its flowering period is from May to August, fruiting from June to October.

 Celosia argentea L:flowers Ecological environment: The plant grows on slopes, roadsides, and plains where the sun is shining. Resource distribution: The plant grows in wild field or cultivated in most areas of China.

 Growth characteristics: The plant prefers a warm and humid climate. The requirement of soil is not strict, it is advisable to cultivate on the sandy soil with fertile and good drainage. Avoid waterlogging, low-lying areas are not suitable for planting.

 Feather Cockscomb Seed:herb photo Characters of herbs: The herb is oblate, and a few are round kidney-shaped, with a diameter of 1~1.5 mm. The surface is black or reddish-black, bright, slightly raised in the middle, and there is a kind of hilum in the slightly concave part on the side. The seed coat is thin and brittle. The herb has a slight smell, tastes mild. The herb of better grade has full-grain, black color, and bright color.

 Pharmacological actions: ①.Antibacterial effect:decoction has a strong inhibitory effect on Pseudomonas aeruginosa. After 10% decoction is used on infected wounds, pseudomonas aeruginosa no longer grows, and there is no obvious stimulation on wounds; ②.shorten the time of recalcification in rabbit plasma; ③.effect of lowering intraocular pressure.

 Medicinal efficacy: Clear liver, brighten eyes, relieve slight corneal opacity. It is indicated for the treatment of liver heat and red eyes, red eyes and swollen painful, corneal opacity, dim sighted, hypertension, dizziness caused by liver fire, epistaxis, itching of skin due to wind-heat, sores and tinea.

 Administration of Semen Celosiae (Qīnɡ Xiānɡ Zǐ): 
Reference: Administration Guide of Semen Celosiae (Qīnɡ Xiānɡ Zǐ)
TCM Books: ①.Internally:9~15 grams; ②.Internally:water decoction, 3~5 qian(about 9~15 grams); ③.Internally:water decoction, 3~15 grams.Externally:proper amount, prepare to ground herb powder and apply stick,extract juice and pour in nose.
 Precautions and Adverse Reactions: the herb Semen Celosiae has the effect of diffusing the pupil, it should not be taken in conditions glaucoma.

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