Introduction of Qing Xiang Zi:Feather Cockscomb Seed or Semen Celosiae.

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The TCM herbalism is also known as pharmaceutics of Traditional Chinese Medicine, or Chinese pharmaceutics, is the branch of health science dealing with the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of Chinese herbs. It is majorly composed of Introduction of Chinese Medicinals, Classification of Chinese Herbs, Formulas, and Patent medicines.

Classifications of Herbs:Herbs Clearing Heat and Purging Fire.

 TCM Herbs Icon05 Introduction: Herbs Clearing Heat and Purging Fire: an agent or substance that has the effect of clearing heat from the Qi system, with high fever, dire thirst, dry yellow tongue coating and rapid surging pulse, or purging fire from the internal viscera, such as heart fire, liver fire, etc.

 
Semen Celosiae(Feather Cockscomb Seed).

Celosia argentea L Pin Yin Name: Qīnɡ Xiānɡ Zǐ.
 English Name: Feather Cockscomb Seed.
 Latin Name: Semen Celosiae.
 Property and flavor: slight cold, bitter.

 Brief introduction: The herb Semen Celosiae is the dried ripe seed of Celosia argentea L.(family Amaranthaceae), used to clear the liver of heat, improve vision and remove nebula for the treatment of acute conjunctivitis, blurred eyesight due to nebula, and dizziness due to hyperactivity of the liver. The herb is commonly known as Semen Celosiae, Feather Cockscomb Seed, or Qīnɡ Xiānɡ Zǐ.

 Botanical source: The herb Semen Celosiae(Feather Cockscomb Seed) is the dried ripe seed of the Celosia argentea L., it is a plant of the Celosia L. genus, the Amaranthaceae family of the Centrospermae order.

 Celosia argentea L Common official herbal classics and Other famous herbal classics defined the herb Semen Celosiae(Feather Cockscomb Seed, Qīnɡ Xiānɡ Zǐ) as the dried ripe seed of (1). Celosia argentea L. This commonly used species is introduced as:

 (1).Celosia argentea L.:
 Botanical description: Annual herb, 30~90 cm tall. The whole plant is glabrous. Stem erect, usually upper branched, green or reddish-purple, striate. Single leaves alternate; Petiole 2~15 mm long, or sessile; Leaf blade papery, lanceolate or oblong-taxiform, 5~9 cm long, 1~3 cm wide, apex apiculate or long apiculate, base tapering and slightly descending, entire. Flowers densely, first reddish, later silver-white, spike solitary on stem or branch apex, cylindrical or conical, 3~10 cm long, bracts, bracteoles and tepals membranous, white and shiny. 5 tepals, white or pink, lanceolate; 5 stamens, lower connate cup-shaped, anthers purple. Fruit ovoid elliptic, cover the crack, upper part makes cap shape fall off, the top has persistent style, envelope in persistent perianth piece. Seeds oblate, black, bright. Its flowering period is from May to August, fruiting from June to October.

 Celosia argentea L Ecological environment: The plant grows on slopes, roadsides, and plains where the sun is shining. Resource distribution: The plant grows in wild field or cultivated in most areas of China.

 Growth characteristics: The plant prefers a warm and humid climate. The requirement of soil is not strict, it is advisable to cultivate on the sandy soil with fertile and good drainage. Avoid waterlogging, low-lying areas are not suitable for planting.

 Characters of herbs: Seeds oblate, central micro uplift, 1~1.8 mm in diameter. The surface is black or red-black, bright when viewed under an enlarged mirror, with a reticular texture, and a slight indentation on the side as the umbilicus. The seed is easy to stick to the hand, the seed coat is thin and crisp, the endosperm kind is white. No odor, light taste. It is better to have full-grain, black color, and bright color.

 Pharmacological actions: ①.Antibacterial effect: decoction has a strong inhibitory effect on Pseudomonas aeruginosa. After 10% decoction is used on infected wounds, pseudomonas aeruginosa no longer grows, and there is no obvious stimulation on wounds. ②.Dry powder of Semen Celosiae can shorten the time of recalcification in rabbit plasma. ③.It has the effect of lowering intraocular pressure: the water decoction of semen celosiae(every 1ml is equivalent to 1g of raw herb) has no obvious effect on normal rabbit pupils. After 6 days of continuous use, intraocular tension has slightly decreased, which is significantly different from the control group, but it cannot prevent the increase of intraocular tension after water load.

 Medicinal efficacy: Clear liver, brighten eyes, relieve slight corneal opacity. It is indicated for the treatment of liver heat and red eyes, red eyes and swollen painful, corneal opacity, dim sighted, hypertension, dizziness caused by liver fire, epistaxis, itching of skin due to wind-heat, sores and tinea.

 Administration of Semen Celosiae(Qīnɡ Xiānɡ Zǐ): 
 
Reference: Administration Guide of Semen Celosiae(Qīnɡ Xiānɡ Zǐ)
TCM Books: Internally:9~15 grams(CP),Internally:water decoction, 3~5 qian(about 9~15 grams)(DCTM),Internally:water decoction, 3~15 grams.Externally:proper amount, grinded into powder and apply stick,extract juice and pour in nose(CHMM).

 
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References:
  • 1.Introduction of Qing Xiang Zi:Feather Cockscomb Seed or Semen Celosiae.
  • 2.TCM Books:DCTM(Dictionary of the Chinese Traditional Medicine),CHMM(Chinese Herbal Materia Medica).

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