Introduction of Dong Kui Guo:Cluster Mallow Fruit or Fructus Malvae.

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The TCM herbalism is also known as pharmaceutics of Traditional Chinese Medicine, or Chinese pharmaceutics, is the branch of health science dealing with the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of Chinese herbs. It is majorly composed of Introduction of Chinese Medicinals, Classification of Chinese Herbs, Formulas, and Patent medicines.

Classifications of Herbs:Diuretics and Hydragogues Herbs:Herbs Diuretics.

 TCM Herbs Icon09 Introduction: Herbs Diuretics: also known as damp-draining diuretic herbs,an agent or substance herbs that increases urine excretion and water discharge for treating internal retention of dampness.

 
Fructus Malvae(Cluster Mallow Fruit).

Fructus Malvae:herb photo Pin Yin Name: Dōnɡ Kuí Guǒ.
 English Name: Cluster Mallow Fruit.
 Latin Name: Fructus Malvae.
 Property and flavor: cool, astringent, sweet.

 Brief introduction: The herb Fructus Malvae is the dried ripe fruit of Malva verticillata L.(family Malvaceae), used to clear heat and induce diuresis for treating stranguria, oliguria, and edema. The herb is commonly known as Fructus Malvae, Cluster Mallow Fruit, Dōnɡ Kuí Guǒ.

 Botanical source: Official herbal classics defined the herb Fructus Malvae(Cluster Mallow Fruit) as the dried ripe fruit of the species (1). Malva verticillata L. It is a plant of the Malva Linn. Genus, the Malvaceae family of the Malvales order. This commonly used species is introduced as:

(1).Malva verticillata L.


 Malva verticillata L.:flowering plant Botanical description: It is commonly known as Dōnɡ Kuí. Annual herbs, 1 meter tall; Unbranched, stem pilose. Leaves rounded, often 5-7 lobed or horny, ca. 5~8 cm in diameter, base cordate, lobes triangular-rounded, margin serrate, extremely wrinkled and twisted, both surfaces glabrous to sparsely hispid or stellate, especially on veins; Petiole slender, 4~7 cm long, sparsely pilose.

 Flowers small, white, ca. 6 mm in diameter, solitary or several clusters in leaf axils, subpedicellate to very shortly pedicellate; 3 bracteoles, lanceolate, 4~5 mm long, 1 mm wide, sparsely strigose; Calyx shallowly cup-shaped, 5-lobed, 8~10 mm long, lobes triangular, sparsely stellate pilose; 5 petals, slightly longer than sepals.

 Malva verticillata L.:growing plant Fruit oblate, ca. 8 mm in diameter, 11 mericarps, reticulate, pilose; Seed reniform, ca. 1 mm in diameter, dark. Its flowering period is from June to September.

 Ecological environment: The herb is produced in Gansu, Guizhou, Jiangxi, Sichuan, Yunnan provinces. It had been cultivated for vegetable food as early as before the Han dynasty, now it is still cultivated for vegetable eaters.

 Cluster Mallow Fruit:herb photo Characters of herbs: This herb is in the shape of a flat spherical disk, with a diameter of 4~7 mm. Persistent calyx campanulate, yellowish-green or yellowish-brown, some slightly purplish, apex 5-dentate, lobes inwardly lobed, outside with 3 striate lanceolate bracteoles. Fruit stalks short. The fruit is consists of 10~12 segments arranged around the central axis of the cone in 1 round shape. The segments are oblate, 1.4~2.5 mm in diameter, yellow-white or yellow-brown on the surface, with raised circular veinlets. Seed renal shape, yellowish-brown or dark brown. Slight smell, taste astringent.

 Pharmacological actions: ①.inhibit the growth of tumor cells in vitro.

 Medicinal efficacy: Clearing heat and prompt diuresis, detumescence(reduce swelling). It is indicated for urodialysis(sappression of urine), edema, thirst, urinary tract infections, etc.

 Administration of Fructus Malvae(Dōnɡ Kuí Guǒ): 
 
Reference: Administration Guide of Fructus Malvae(Dōnɡ Kuí Guǒ)
TCM Books: Internally:3~9 grams(CP).

 
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References:
  • 1.Introduction of Dong Kui Guo:Cluster Mallow Fruit or Fructus Malvae.
  • 2.TCM Books:DCTM(Dictionary of the Chinese Traditional Medicine),CHMM(Chinese Herbal Materia Medica).

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