Introduction of Hai Feng Teng:Kadsura Pepper Stem or Caulis Piperis Kadsurae.

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The TCM herbalism is also known as pharmaceutics of Traditional Chinese Medicine, or Chinese pharmaceutics, is the branch of health science dealing with the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of Chinese herbs. It is majorly composed of Introduction of Chinese Medicinals, Classification of Chinese Herbs, Formulas, and Patent medicines.

Classifications of Herbs:Dispelling Wind-Damp Herbs.

 TCM Herbs Icon06 Introduction: Dispelling Wind-Damp Herbs: an agent or substance herbs that dispels wind and damp, mainly for relieving rheumatism and related conditions.

 
Caulis Piperis Kadsurae(Kadsura Pepper Stem).

Kadsura Pepper Stem Pin Yin Name: Hǎi Fēnɡ Ténɡ.
 English Name: Kadsura Pepper Stem.
 Latin Name: Caulis Piperis Kadsurae.
 Property and flavor: slight warm, pungent, bitter.

 Brief introduction: The herb Caulis Piperis Kadsurae is the dried stem of Piper kadsura(Choisy)Ohwi.(family Piperaceae), used to dispel wind-damp, unblock the meridian, disperse cold and alleviate pain for treating rheumatalgia of the joints with muscular contracture and traumatic pains. The herb is commonly known as Caulis Piperis Kadsurae, Kadsura Pepper Stem, Hǎi Fēnɡ Ténɡ.

 Botanical source: Famous herbal classics defined the herb Caulis Piperis Kadsurae(Kadsura Pepper Stem) as the dried stem of (1). Piper kadsura(Choisy)Ohwi. It is a plant of the Piper L genus, Piperaceae family, Archichlamydeae order. This commonly used species is introduced as:

 Piper kadsura Choisy Ohwi. (1).Piper kadsura(Choisy)Ohwi.:
 Botanical description: It is commonly known as Fēng Téng. Wood vine; Stem has a longitudinal edge, when young by sparse hair, node root. Leaves subleathery, with white glandular points, ovate or long ovate, 6~12 cm long, 3.5~7 cm wide, apex shortly acute or obtuse, base cordate, thinly obtuse, ventral glabrous, abaxially usually pubescent; 5 veins, basal or subbasal, outermost 1 pair slender, not very conspicuous, midrib mid-upper venation arched; Petiole 1~1.5 cm long, sometimes hairy; Leaf sheath is confined to base with.

 Flowers unisexual, dioecious, clustered into spikes opposite leaves. Male inflorescence 3~5.5 cm long; Pedicels slightly shorter than petiole, inflorescence axis slightly hirsute; Bracts rounded, subsessile, shield, ca. 1 mm in diameter, margin irregular, ventral covered with white shag; 2~3 stamens, filaments short. Female inflorescence shorter than leaf blade; Pedicel and petiole equal in length; Bracts and inflorescence axis identical to male inflorescence; Ovary globose, free, 3~4 stigmas, linear, pubescent. Berry globose, brownish yellow, 3~4 mm in diameter. Its flowering period is from May to August.

 Piper kadsura Choisy Ohwi. Ecological environment: The plant grows in lowland forests, climbing trees or rocks. It prefers the environment of high temperature, moist, static wind, with choosing the structure is good, easy to drain, the soil layer is deep, relatively fertile, slightly acidic, or neutral sandy loam. The plant mainly distributes in the coastal areas and Islands of south China and other areas of China. It also distributes in other areas of East Asia.

 Characters of herbs: The stem and vine are flat cylindrical, slightly curved, with different lengths, 0.3~2 cm in diameter. The surface is grayish-brown or brown, rough, with a longitudinally ribbed texture and distinct nodes, the internodes are 3~12 cm long, the nodes are enlarged, and adventitious roots are found. The body is light, the quality is brittle and easy to break, the fracture surface is not neat, the cortex is narrow, the wood part is broad, there are gray yellow and gray-white alternating radiating texture and many small holes, the cortex and the wood part often have cracks at the junction area, there is gray-brown pith in the center. Smells fragrant, tastes bitter, pungent.

 Pharmacological actions: The herb Caulis Piperis Kadsurae can increase the nutritive blood flow in mice and reduce the resistance of collateral vessels in the ischemic area in dogs. It has a good effect on coronary heart disease and cerebral thrombosis. The extract of Caulis Piperis Kadsurae can antagonize the decrease of arterial blood pressure induced by intravenous endotoxin in rats and alleviate the pulmonary edema caused by the increase of pulmonary wall permeability induced by endotoxemia. This effect may be related to the antagonistic effect of futoenone on PAF. It is a kind of traditional Chinese medicine worth trying to treat endotoxin shock.

 Medicinal efficacy: Dispel wind and dampness, free meridian and channels, regulate Q, alleviating pain, relieve numbness pain. It is indicated for wind-cold arthritis with fixed pain caused by dampness, limb joint pain, muscle and pulse tension, muscular constricture, bend to stretch disadvantage, abdominal pain and flatulence, edema.

 Administration of Caulis Piperis Kadsurae(Hǎi Fēnɡ Ténɡ): 
 
Reference: Administration Guide of Caulis Piperis Kadsurae(Hǎi Fēnɡ Ténɡ)
TCM Books: Internally:6~12 grams(CP),Internally:water decoction, 2~5 qian(about 6~15 grams), or infusing in wine(DCTM), Internally:water decoction, 6~15 grams, or infusing in wine(CHMM).

 
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References:
  • 1.Introduction of Hai Feng Teng:Kadsura Pepper Stem or Caulis Piperis Kadsurae.
  • 2.TCM Books:DCTM(Dictionary of the Chinese Traditional Medicine),CHMM(Chinese Herbal Materia Medica).

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