Introduction of Hai Feng Teng:Kadsura Pepper Stem or Caulis Piperis Kadsurae.

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The article gives records of the herb Kadsura Pepper Stem, its English name, Latin name, property and flavor, its botanical source one plant species, ①.Piper kadsura(Choisy)Ohwi., with a detailed introduction to the botanical features of this plant species, the growth characteristics, and ecological environment of this plant species, the features of the herb Kadsura Pepper Stem, its pharmacological actions, medicinal efficacy, and administration guide.

Caulis Piperis Kadsurae(Kadsura Pepper Stem).

Kadsura Pepper Stem Pin Yin Name: Hǎi Fēnɡ Ténɡ.
 English Name: Kadsura Pepper Stem.
 Latin Name: Caulis Piperis Kadsurae.
 Property and flavor: slightly warm, pungent, bitter.

 Brief introduction: The herb Caulis Piperis Kadsurae is the dried stem of Piper kadsura(Choisy)Ohwi., used to dispel wind-damp, unblock the meridian, disperse cold and alleviate pain for treating rheumatalgia of the joints with muscular contracture and traumatic pains. The herb is commonly known as Caulis Piperis Kadsurae, Kadsura Pepper Stem, Hǎi Fēnɡ Ténɡ.

 Botanical source: Famous herbal classics defined the herb Caulis Piperis Kadsurae(Kadsura Pepper Stem) as the dried stem of (1). Piper kadsura(Choisy)Ohwi. It is a plant of the Piper L genus, Piperaceae family (pepper family), Archichlamydeae order. This commonly used species is introduced as:

(1).Piper kadsura(Choisy)Ohwi.

 Piper kadsura Choisy Ohwi.:drawing of plant and herb Botanical description: It is commonly known as Fēng Téng. Wood vine; Stem has a longitudinal edge, when young the stem has sparse hairs, node root. Leaves are subleathery, with white glandular points, ovate or long ovate, 6~12 cm long, 3.5~7 cm wide, apex is shortly pointed or obtuse, base is cordate, thinly obtuse, ventral part is glabrous, abaxially usually pubescent; 5 veins, basal or subbasal, outermost 1 pair is slender, not very conspicuous, midrib mid-upper venation arched; Petiole is 1~1.5 cm long, sometimes hairy; Leaf sheath is confined to base with.

 Flowers are unisexual, dioecious, clustered into spikes opposite leaves. Male inflorescence are 3~5.5 cm long; Pedicels are slightly shorter than petiole, inflorescence axis is slightly hirsute; Bracts are rounded, subsessile, shield, ca. 1 mm in diameter, margin is irregular, ventral covered with white shag; 2~3 stamens, filaments are short. Female inflorescence is shorter than leaf blade; Pedicel and petiole are equal in length; Bracts and inflorescence axis are identical to male inflorescence; Ovary is globose, free, 3~4 stigmas, linear, pubescent. Berry is globose, brownish yellow, 3~4 mm in diameter. Its flowering period is from May to August.

 Piper kadsura Choisy Ohwi.:growing plant Ecological environment: The plant grows in lowland forests, climbing trees or rocks. It prefers the environment of high temperature, moist, static wind, better choose good structure, easy to drain, the soil layer is deep, relatively fertile, slightly acidic, or neutral sandy loam. The plant is mainly distributed in the coastal areas and Islands of south China and other areas of China. It is also distributed in other areas of East Asia.

 Kadsura Pepper Stem:herb photo Characters of herbs: The stems and vines of the herb are flat cylindrical, slightly bent, different lengths, 15~60 cm in length and 0.3~2 cm in diameter. The surface is grayish brown or brown, coarse and rough, with longitudinal prismatic texture and obvious nodes. The internode length is 3~12 cm, the nodes are enlarged, with adventitious root. The herb is light, the texture of the herb is brittle, easy to break, the fracture surface is irregular, the cortex is narrow, the wood part is wide and broad, there are radial texture of grayish yellow and grayish white and many small holes, there are cracks at the junction of the cortex layer and the wood part, there are grayish brown pith in the center. The herb has an aromatic odor, it tastes slightly bitter, pungent.

 Pharmacological actions: ①.increase the nutritive blood flow in mice and reduce the resistance of collateral vessels in the ischemic area in dogs; ②.good effect on coronary heart disease and cerebral thrombosis; ③.antagonize the decrease of arterial blood pressure.

 Medicinal efficacy: Dispel wind and dampness, free meridian and channels, regulate Qi, alleviating pain, relieve numbness pain. It is indicated for wind-cold arthritis with fixed pain caused by dampness, limb joint pain, muscle and pulse tension, muscular constricture, bend to stretch disadvantage, abdominal pain and flatulence, edema.

 Administration of Caulis Piperis Kadsurae (Hǎi Fēnɡ Ténɡ): 
Reference: Administration Guide of Caulis Piperis Kadsurae (Hǎi Fēnɡ Ténɡ)
TCM Books: ①.Internally:6~12 grams; ②.Internally:water decoction, 2~5 qian (about 6~15 grams), or infusing in wine; ③.Internally:water decoction, 6~15 grams, or infusing in wine.

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