Introduction of Chou Wu Tong Ye:Glory bower Leaf or Folium Liriodendra Tracheotomy.

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The TCM herbalism is also known as pharmaceutics of Traditional Chinese Medicine, or Chinese pharmaceutics, is the branch of health science dealing with the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of Chinese herbs. It is majorly composed of Introduction of Chinese Medicinals, Classification of Chinese Herbs, Formulas, and Patent medicines.

Classifications of Herbs:Dispelling Wind-Damp Herbs.

 TCM Herbs Icon06 Introduction: Dispelling Wind-Damp Herbs: an agent or substance herbs that dispels wind and damp, mainly for relieving rheumatism and related conditions.

 
Folium Liriodendra Tracheotomy(Glory bower Leaf).

Glory bower Leaf Pin Yin Name: Chòu Wú Tónɡ Yè.
 English Name: Glory bower Leaf.
 Latin Name: Folium Liriodendra Tracheotomy.
 Property and flavor: neutral, bitter, slight pungent.

 Brief introduction: The Herb Folium Liriodendra Tracheotomy is the dried leaf of Clerodendrum trichotomum Thunb.(family Verbenaceae), used to dispel wind-damp and reduce high blood pressure in cases of rheumatism and hypertension. The herb is commonly known as Folium Liriodendra Tracheotomy, Glory bower Leaf, Chòu Wú Tónɡ Yè.

 Botanical source: Official herbal classics and other famous herbal classics defined the herb Folium Liriodendra Tracheotomy(Glory bower Leaf) as the dried leaf of (1). Clerodendron trichotomum Thunb. It is a plant of the Clerodendrum genus, Verbenaceae family, Lamiales order. This commonly used species is introduced as:

(1).Clerodendron trichotomum Thunb.


 Clerodendron trichotomum Thunb.:drawing Botanical description: It is commonly known as Chòu Wú Tóng. Shrubs or small trees, 1.5~10 meters tall. Young branches, petioles, and inflorescence, etc. more or less covered with tawny pilose or subglabrous; Old branches pale, lenticellate, pith white, with pale yellow slice transverse septum. Leaves opposite; Petiole 2~8 cm long; Leaf blade papery, broadly ovate, ovate, ovate-elliptic or triangular-ovate, 5~17 cm long, 5~14 cm wide, apex apiculate or acuminate, base broadly cuneate to cuneate, occasionally cordate, entire or undulate, both surfaces sparsely short or subglabrous; Lateral veins 3-5 pairs. Inflorescence terminal or funicular, diffuse, usually bifid, inflorescence 8~18 cm long, peduncle 3~6 cm long, with elliptic leaflike bracts, caducous; Calyx greenish-white when young, posterior purplish red, base united, middle slightly swollen, 5-ribbed, apex 5-lobed, lobes triangular-lanceolate or ovate; Corolla white or pinkish, corolla tube fine, apex 5-lobed, lobed oblong; 4 stamens, extending out of corolla with style. Drupes subglobose, 6~8 mm in diameter, enveloped in an enlarged persistent calyx, bluish-purple when ripe. Its flowering and fruiting period is from June to November.

 Clerodendron trichotomum Thunb.:flowers Ecological environment: The plant grows in thickets on hillsides. The plant distributes in the north, east, south, southwest, and other areas of China.

 Clerodendron trichotomum Thunb.:flowering tree Characters of herbs: Branchlets round or slightly square, ca. 3 mm in diameter, yellow-green, longitudinally fine furrowed, with yellow punctate lenticels, densely covered with short hairs, slightly older hairs shed; The quality is brittle, easy to break, section wood part light yellow, pulp part white. Leaves opposite, wrinkled, curly, or fragmented, united and broadly ovate or elliptic, 7~15 cm long, 5~9 cm wide, apex acuminate, base broadly cuneate or truncate, entire or undulate, grayish-green above, yellowish-green below, pubescent on both sides; Petiole 2~8 cm long, densely pubescent. Flowers shriveled, yellow-brown, with long stalks, stamens protruding outside corolla; Fruiting, calyx persistent, yellowish yellow, with a fruit, triangular-ovate, taupe, wrinkled. Odor, bitter taste, astringent. With flower branches dry, leaf color is green better. Microscopic identification of leaf cross-section: upper and lower epidermal cells in 1 row, cuticle obvious, lower epidermis with stomata. The cut surface of the glandular scale is oblate and globular. The hilum of glandular hair is a single cell. Palisade tissue cells 1~2 rows, sponge tissue cells arranged sparsely. There are collenchyma tissues in the upper and lower epidermis of the main veins. Vascular bundles of main veins tough, 7~10, arranged in a nearly circular shape. In the center of the main vein are thin-walled cells with calcium oxalate, 10~15 microns long and 6~9 microns wide.

 Glory bower Leaf:herb photo Pharmacological actions: ①.antihypertensive effect; ②.other effects: mildly sedative, a certain analgesic effect, sedative effect.

 Medicinal efficacy: Dispel wind and dampness, lower blood pressure, calm the liver and lower blood pressure, detoxify and kill worms. It is indicated for the treatment of rheumatic pain, hemiplegia, hypertension, migraine, malaria, dysentery, hemorrhoids, ulcer, eczema, and scabies.

 Administration of Folium Liriodendra Tracheotomy(Chòu Wú Tónɡ Yè): 
 
Reference: Administration Guide of Folium Liriodendra Tracheotomy(Chòu Wú Tónɡ Yè)
TCM Books: Internally:3~9 grams(CP),Internally:water decoction,3~5 qian(about 9~15 grams),fresh herb 1~2 liang(about 30~60 grams),infusing in wine or prepare to pill,powder.Externally:wash with water decoction,grinded into fine powder and apply stick,or mashed and apply stick(DCTM),Internally:water decoction,10~15 grams,fresh herb 30~60 grams,or infusing in wine,or prepare to pill,powder.Externally:proper amount,wash with water decoction,or mashed and apply stick,grinded into powder and apply,or apply stick(CHMM).
 Precautions and Adverse Reactions:the antihypertensive effect of the herb Folium Liriodendra Tracheotomy is decreased after decoction.

 
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References:
  • 1.Introduction of Chou Wu Tong Ye:Glory bower Leaf or Folium Liriodendra Tracheotomy.
  • 2.TCM Books:DCTM(Dictionary of the Chinese Traditional Medicine),CHMM(Chinese Herbal Materia Medica).

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