Introduction of Chou Wu Tong Ye:Glory bower Leaf or Folium Liriodendra Tracheotomy.

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The article gives records of the herb Glory bower Leaf, its English name, Latin name, property and flavor, its botanical source one plant species, ①.Clerodendron trichotomum Thunb., with a detailed introduction to the botanical features of this plant species, the growth characteristics, and ecological environment of this plant species, the features of the herb Glory bower Leaf, its pharmacological actions, medicinal efficacy, and administration guide.

Folium Liriodendra Tracheotomy(Glory bower Leaf).

Glory bower Leaf Pin Yin Name: Chòu Wú Tónɡ Yè.
 English Name: Glory bower Leaf.
 Latin Name: Folium Liriodendra Tracheotomy.
 Property and flavor: neutral in nature, bitter, slightly pungent.

 Brief introduction: The Herb Folium Liriodendra Tracheotomy is the dried leaf of Clerodendrum trichotomum Thunb.(family Verbenaceae), used to dispel wind-damp and reduce high blood pressure in cases of rheumatism and hypertension. The herb is commonly known as Folium Liriodendra Tracheotomy, Glory bower Leaf, Chòu Wú Tónɡ Yè.

 Botanical source: Official herbal classics and other famous herbal classics defined the herb Folium Liriodendra Tracheotomy(Glory bower Leaf) as the dried leaf of (1). Clerodendron trichotomum Thunb. It is a plant of the Clerodendrum genus, Verbenaceae family, Lamiales order. This commonly used species is introduced as:

(1).Clerodendron trichotomum Thunb.


 Clerodendron trichotomum Thunb.:drawing Botanical description: It is commonly known as Chòu Wú Tóng. Shrubs or small trees, 1.5~10 meters tall. Young branches, petioles, and inflorescence, etc. more or less covered with tawny pilose or subglabrous; Old branches pale, lenticellate, pith white, with pale yellow slice transverse septum. Leaves opposite; Petiole 2~8 cm long; Leaf blade papery, broadly ovate, ovate, ovate-elliptic or triangular-ovate, 5~17 cm long, 5~14 cm wide, apex apiculate or acuminate, base broadly cuneate to cuneate, occasionally cordate, entire or undulate, both surfaces sparsely short or subglabrous; Lateral veins 3-5 pairs. Inflorescence terminal or funicular, diffuse, usually bifid, inflorescence 8~18 cm long, peduncle 3~6 cm long, with elliptic leaflike bracts, caducous; Calyx greenish-white when young, posterior purplish red, base united, middle slightly swollen, 5-ribbed, apex 5-lobed, lobes triangular-lanceolate or ovate; Corolla white or pinkish, corolla tube fine, apex 5-lobed, lobed oblong; 4 stamens, extending out of corolla with style. Drupes subglobose, 6~8 mm in diameter, enveloped in an enlarged persistent calyx, bluish-purple when ripe. Its flowering and fruiting period is from June to November.

 Clerodendron trichotomum Thunb.:flowers Ecological environment: The plant grows in thickets on hillsides. The plant distributes in the north, east, south, southwest, and other areas of China.

 Clerodendron trichotomum Thunb.:flowering tree Characters of herbs: Branchlets are round or slightly square, about 3 mm in diameter, yellow-green, with longitudinal fine wrinkles and yellow punctate lenticels, densely covered with short hairs, and hairs fall off on slightly old branch; the texture of the herb is crisp, easily broken, the wood part of the fracture surface is light yellow, the pith is white. The leaves are opposite, wrinkled and curled, or broken. After flattening, the intact leaves are broadly oval or oval, 7~15 cm in length and 5~9 cm in width, the apex is gradually pointed, the base is broadly wedge-shaped or truncated, the whole edge or with wavy teeth, the upper surface is grayish-green, the back surface is yellowish-green, and both surfaces are pubescent; the petiole is 2~8 cm long, densely pubescent. Flowers are mostly withered, yellow-brown, long-stalked, stamens protruding from the corolla; For those who have fruit, the calyx is persistent, withered yellow, with fruit in it, triangular oval, grayish brown, and wrinkled. The herb has a special foreign odor, it tastes bitter and puckery. The herb which has dry branches and green leaves is better.

 Glory bower Leaf:herb photo Pharmacological actions: ①.antihypertensive effect; ②.other effects: mildly sedative, a certain analgesic effect, sedative effect.

 Medicinal efficacy: Dispel wind and dampness, lower blood pressure, calm the liver and lower blood pressure, detoxify and kill worms. It is indicated for the treatment of rheumatic pain, hemiplegia, hypertension, migraine, malaria, dysentery, hemorrhoids, ulcer, eczema, and scabies.

 Administration of Folium Liriodendra Tracheotomy(Chòu Wú Tónɡ Yè): 
 
Reference: Administration Guide of Folium Liriodendra Tracheotomy(Chòu Wú Tónɡ Yè)
TCM Books: ①.Internally:3~9 grams;②.Internally:water decoction,3~5 qian(about 9~15 grams),fresh herb 1~2 liang(about 30~60 grams),infusing in wine or prepare to pill,powder.Externally:wash with water decoction,grinded into fine powder and apply stick,or mashed and apply stick;③.Internally:water decoction,10~15 grams,fresh herb 30~60 grams,or infusing in wine,or prepare to pill,powder.Externally:proper amount,wash with water decoction,or mashed and apply stick,grinded into powder and apply,or apply stick.
 Precautions and Adverse Reactions:the antihypertensive effect of the herb Folium Liriodendra Tracheotomy is decreased after decoction.

 
Dispelling Wind-Damp Herbs.

 Introduction: Dispelling Wind-Damp Herbs: an agent or substance herbs that dispels wind and damp, mainly for relieving rheumatism and related conditions.
 
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References:
  • 1.Introduction of Chou Wu Tong Ye:Glory bower Leaf or Folium Liriodendra Tracheotomy.

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