Introduction of Sang Zhi:Mulberry Twig or Ramulus Mori.

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The article gives records of the herb Mulberry Twig, its English name, Latin name, property and flavor, its botanical source one plant species, ①.Morus alba L., with a detailed introduction to the botanical features of this plant species, the growth characteristics, and ecological environment of this plant species, the features of the herb Mulberry Twig, its pharmacological actions, medicinal efficacy, and administration guide.

Ramulus Mori(Mulberry Twig).

Mulberry Twig Pin Yin Name: Sānɡ Zhī.
 English Name: Mulberry Twig.
 Latin Name: Ramulus Mori.
 Property and flavor: neutral in nature, bitter.

 Brief introduction: The herb Ramulus Mori is the dried young twig of Morus alba L.(family Moraceae), used as an antirheumatic for treating arthralgia and shoulder pain.

 Botanical source: The herb Ramulus Mori(Mulberry Twig) is the dried young twig of Morus alba L., it is a plant of the Morus genus, the Moraceae(mulberry family or fig family) family of the Rosales order. The herb is commonly known as Ramulus Mori, Mulberry Twig, Sānɡ Zhī.

(1).Morus alba L.

 Morus alba L.:mulberry tree Botanical description: The Morus alba L., is a plant of the Moraceae family and Morus genus, it is commonly known as "Mulberry Tree" or "White Mulberry", or "Sang Shu", deciduous shrubs or small trees, 3~15 meters high. The bark is brownish-brown, branches gray or gray-yellow, sparsely sparse, shallowly longitudinally divided, slightly pilose when tender.

 Leaves alternate, ovate to broadly ovate, 6~5 cm long and 4~12 cm wide. Tip or blunt, base round or near heart-shaped, coarse teeth on the edge, above the hairless, shiny, green below, veins with sparse hairs, hairy veins; petiole length 1~2.5 cm. Dioecious, bone inflorescence axillary; male inflorescence caducous; female inflorescence length 1~2 cm, style is not obvious or no, 2 stigmas.

 Morus alba L.:mulberry fruit The leaves are oval, broadly ovate, and heart-shaped. They are about 15 cm long, about 10 cm wide, and about 4 cm in length. The base of the leaf blade is heart-shaped, slightly apical at the apex, serrated at its edge, and densely covered with white pilose leaves. Old thick yellow-green leaves. The young leaves are thin and dark green. Crisp and brittle, grip the hands. It is light and slightly bitter. Medicinal use is generally considered to be good after the frost. The poly fruit (mulberry) is dark purple, red or milky when cooked. Its flowering period is from April to May and fruiting from June to July.

 Growth characteristics: The mulberry tree prefers a warm and humid climate, slightly shade tolerance. It sprouts when the temperature is above 12 ℃, the suitable temperature for growth is 25~30 ℃, its growth is inhibited when the temperature is above 40 ℃, and the growth stops when the temperature is below 12 ℃. Drought resistance, waterlogging resistance, barren tolerance. Strong adaptability to the soil.

 Mulberry Twig:herb photo Characters of herbs: The fresh shoots and twigs are long cylindrical, with few branches, different lengths, diameter is 0.5~1.5 cm. The surface is grayish yellow or yellowish brown, with many yellowish brown punctate lenticels and fine longitudinal lines, and grayish white slightly semicircular leaf marks and yellowish brown axillary buds. The texture of the herb is tough and tensile, not easily broken; The fracture surface is fibrous. The slice is 0.2~0.5 cm thick, the cortex or bark is thin, the wood part is yellow and white, the rays are radial, and the pith is white or yellow white. The herb has a slight odor, it tastes mild. The herb which texture is tender, the fracture surface is yellow-white, is better.

 Pharmacological actions: ①.anti-inflammatory; ②.anti-hypertensive effects; ③.remarkable effect on nourishing the hair of rabbits and sheep; ④.morin has diuretic, spasmolysis, anti-pathogen effects, and shows strong anticancer activity.

 Medicinal efficacy: Dispel wind and dampness, free meridian and channels, benefit joint, prompt water and Qi circulation. It is indicated for numbness and pain of the shoulder, arm, joint, wind-cold and arthritis with fixed pain caused by dampness, limb muscular constricture, apoplexia(paralytic stroke) and hemiplegia, beriberi and edema, edema, pruritus of body and muscle.

 Administration of Ramulus Mori(Sānɡ Zhī): 
Reference: Administration Guide of Ramulus Mori(Sānɡ Zhī)
TCM Books: ①.Internally:9~15 grams;②.Internally:water decoction, 1~2 liang(about 30~60 grams),or prepare to paste.Externally:fumigation wash with water decoction;③.Internally:water decoction, 15~30 grams.Externally:proper amount,fumigation wash with water decoction.

Dispelling Wind-Damp Herbs.

 Introduction: Dispelling Wind-Damp Herbs: an agent or substance herbs that dispels wind and damp, mainly for relieving rheumatism and related conditions.
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