Introduction of Sang Ye:Folium Mori or Mulberry Leaf.

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The article gives records of the herb Mulberry Leaf, its English name, Latin name, property and flavor, its botanical source one plant species, ①.Morus alba L., with a detailed introduction to the botanical features of this plant, the growth characteristics, and ecological environment of this plant, the features of the herb Mulberry Leaf, its pharmacological actions, medicinal efficacy, and administration guide.

Folium Mori(Mulberry Leaf).

Mulberry Leaf:herb photo  Pin Yin Name: Sānɡ Yè.
 English Name: Mulberry Leaf.
 Latin Name: Folium Mori.
 Property and flavor: light cold, sweet, bitter.

 Brief introduction: The herb Folium Mori is the dried leaf of White Mulberry, Morus alba L.(family Moraceae), used (1).to disperse wind and heat in the treatment of wind-heat affliction, (2).to pacify the liver and brighten the eyes for relieving hyperactivity of the liver with headache and acute conjunctivitis, and (3)to clear and moisten the lung for arresting dry cough. The herb is commonly known as Folium Mori, Mulberry Leaf, Sānɡ Yè.

 Botanical source: The herb Folium Mori(Mulberry Leaf) is the dried leaf of the Morus alba L., it is a plant of the Morus genus, the Moraceae(mulberry family or fig family) family of the Rosales order. This commonly used species is introduced as:

Morus alba L.

 Morus alba L:Mulberry Tree Botanical description: It is commonly known as "Mulberry Tree", or "White Mulberry", or "Sang Shu", deciduous shrubs or small trees, 3~15 meters high. The bark is brownish-brown, branches are gray or gray-yellow, sparsely sparse, shallowly longitudinally divided, slightly pilose when tender. Leaves alternate, ovate to broadly ovate, 6 to 15 cm long and 4 to 12 cm wide. Tip or blunt, base round or near heart-shaped, coarse teeth on the edge, above the hairless, shiny, green below, veins with sparse hairs, hairy veins; petiole length 1~2.5 cm. Dioecious, bone inflorescence axillary; male inflorescence caducous; female inflorescence length 1~2 cm, style is not obvious or no, 2 stigmas. The leaves are oval, broadly ovate, and heart-shaped. They are about 15 cm long, about 10 cm wide, and about 4 cm in length. The base of the leaf blade is heart-shaped, slightly apical at the apex, serrated at its edge, and densely covered with white pilose leaves. Old thick yellow-green leaves. The young leaves are thin and dark green. Crisp and brittle, grip the hands. It is light and slightly bitter. The medicinal use is generally considered to be good after the frost. The poly fruit (mulberry) is dark purple, red or milky when cooked. Its flowering period is from April to May, fruiting period is from June to July.

 Growth characteristics: The plant prefers a warm and humid climate, resistance to impoverishment, strong adaptability to the soil, it is produced in most areas of China, especially in the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River, and Sichuan Basin.

 dried mulberry leaf Characters of herbs: The herb is often shriveled and broken. The intact ones have stalks, and the flattened leaves are oval or broadly oval, 8 ~ 15 cm long and 7 ~ 13 cm wide. The apex is tapered, the base is truncated, round or heart-shaped, the edges are serrated or blunt, and some are irregularly divided. The upper surface is yellow-green or light yellow-brown, and some have small verrucous protrusions; The lower surface is slightly lighter, the veins are prominent, the veins are reticulated, the veins are sparsely hairy, and the base of leaf vein are tufted. It is crisp. The herb smells slight, tastes bland and slight bitterness. The herb with large leaves and yellow-green color are preferred.

 Pharmacological actions: ①.effect of lowering blood sugar; ②.reduce blood lipid; ③.inhibitory effect on a variety of diseases and leptospirosis.

 Medicinal efficacy: Dispel wind and dissipate heat, moistening lung to relieve cough, clearing liver and improving vision(removing liver-fire for improving eyesight), indicated for cold of wind-heat type, dry cough of lung heat, dizziness and cephalea, red eyes and dim sighted.

 Administration of Folium Mori(Sānɡ Yè):
Reference: Administration Guide of Folium Mori(Sānɡ Yè)
TCM Books: ①.Internally:5~9 grams;②.water decoction,1.5~3 qian(about 4.5~9 grams),or prepared to pill,powder.Externally: wash with water decoction, or mashed and apply;③.water decoction,4.5~9 grams, grinded to a fine powder and prepared to pill, powder. Externally: proper amount, wash with water decoction or mashed and apply stick.

Pungent-cool Exterior-releasing Herbs.

 Introduction: Pungent-cool exterior-releasing herbs: an agent or substance herbs pungent in flavor and cool in property, which is usually used for treating a wind-heat exterior syndrome.
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