Introduction of Sang Ye:Folium Mori or Mulberry Leaf.

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The TCM herbalism is also known as pharmaceutics of Traditional Chinese Medicine, or Chinese pharmaceutics, is the branch of health science dealing with the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of Chinese herbs. It is majorly composed of Introduction of Chinese Medicinals, Classification of Chinese Herbs, Formulas, and Patent medicines.

Classifications of Herbs:Pungent-cool Exterior-releasing Herbs.

 TCM Herbs Icon01 Introduction: Pungent-cool exterior-releasing herbs: an agent or substance herbs pungent in flavor and cool in property, which is usually used for treating a wind-heat exterior syndrome.

 
Folium Mori(Mulberry Leaf).

Mulberry Leaf:herb photo  Pin Yin Name: Sānɡ Yè.
 English Name: Mulberry Leaf.
 Latin Name: Folium Mori.
 Property and flavor: light cold, sweet, bitter.

 Brief introduction: The herb Folium Mori is the dried leaf of White Mulberry, Morus alba L.(family Moraceae), used (1).to disperse wind and heat in the treatment of wind-heat affliction, (2).to pacify the liver and brighten the eyes for relieving hyperactivity of the liver with headache and acute conjunctivitis, and (3)to clear and moisten the lung for arresting dry cough. The herb is commonly known as Folium Mori, Mulberry Leaf, Sānɡ Yè.

 Botanical source: The herb Folium Mori(Mulberry Leaf) is the dried leaf of the Morus alba L., it is a plant of the Morus genus, the Moraceae(mulberry family or fig family) family of the Rosales order. This commonly used species is introduced as:

Morus alba L.


 Morus alba L:Mulberry Tree Botanical description: It is commonly known as "Mulberry Tree", or "White Mulberry", or "Sang Shu", deciduous shrubs or small trees, 3~15 meters high. The bark is brownish-brown, branches are gray or gray-yellow, sparsely sparse, shallowly longitudinally divided, slightly pilose when tender. Leaves alternate, ovate to broadly ovate, 6 to 15 cm long and 4 to 12 cm wide. Tip or blunt, base round or near heart-shaped, coarse teeth on the edge, above the hairless, shiny, green below, veins with sparse hairs, hairy veins; petiole length 1~2.5 cm. Dioecious, bone inflorescence axillary; male inflorescence caducous; female inflorescence length 1~2 cm, style is not obvious or no, 2 stigmas. The leaves are oval, broadly ovate, and heart-shaped. They are about 15 cm long, about 10 cm wide, and about 4 cm in length. The base of the leaf blade is heart-shaped, slightly apical at the apex, serrated at its edge, and densely covered with white pilose leaves. Old thick yellow-green leaves. The young leaves are thin and dark green. Crisp and brittle, grip the hands. It is light and slightly bitter. The medicinal use is generally considered to be good after the frost. The poly fruit (mulberry) is dark purple, red or milky when cooked. Its flowering period is from April to May, fruiting period is from June to July.

 Growth characteristics: The plant prefers a warm and humid climate, resistance to impoverishment, strong adaptability to the soil, it is produced in most areas of China, especially in the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River, and Sichuan Basin.

 Characters of herbs: The leaves are shriveled and broken. The Leaf-blade is sessile, ovate, or broadly ovate when expanded; Apex acuminate, base truncate, rounded or heart-shaped, the margin is serrate or crenate, sometimes irregularly divided. The upper surface is yellowish-green or light yellow-brown, sometimes can be seen with small verrucous protrusion; The lower surface is pale, leaf veins protruded, veins are reticulated, veins are sparsely hairy, axils tufted. The texture is very brittle. The smell is slight, the taste is light, slightly bitter.

 Pharmacological actions: ①.effect of lowering blood sugar; ②.reduce blood lipid; ③.inhibitory effect on a variety of diseases and leptospirosis.

 Medicinal efficacy: Dispel wind and dissipate heat, moistening lung to relieve cough, clearing liver and improving vision(removing liver-fire for improving eyesight), indicated for cold of wind-heat type, dry cough of lung heat, dizziness and cephalea, red eyes and dim sighted.

 Administration of Folium Mori(Sānɡ Yè):
 
Reference: Administration Guide of Folium Mori(Sānɡ Yè)
TCM Books: Internally:5~9 grams(CP), or water decoction,1.5~3 qian(about 4.5~9 grams),or prepared to pill,powder.Externally: wash with water decoction, or mashed and apply(DCTM).or water decoction,4.5~9 grams, grinded to a fine powder and prepared to pill, powder. Externally: proper amount, wash with water decoction or mashed and apply stick(CHMM).

 
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References:
  • 1.Introduction of Sang Ye:Folium Mori or Mulberry Leaf.
  • 2.TCM Books:DCTM(Dictionary of the Chinese Traditional Medicine),CHMM(Chinese Herbal Materia Medica).

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