Introduction of e Bu Shi Cao:Herba Centipedae or Small Centipeda Herb.

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The TCM herbalism is also known as pharmaceutics of Traditional Chinese Medicine, or Chinese pharmaceutics, is the branch of health science dealing with the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of Chinese herbs. It is majorly composed of Introduction of Chinese Medicinals, Classification of Chinese Herbs, Formulas, and Patent medicines.

Classifications of Herbs:Pungent-Warm Exterior-releasing Herbs.

 TCM Herbs Icon01 Introduction: Pungent-warm exterior-releasing herbs: an agent or substance herbs pungent in flavor and warm in property, which is usually used for treating a wind-cold exterior syndrome.

 
Herba Centipedae(Small Centipeda Herb).

Small Centipeda Herb Pin Yin Name: é Bù Shí Cǎo.
 English Name: Small Centipeda Herb.
 Latin Name: Herba Centipedae.
 Property and flavor: warm, pungent.

 Brief introduction: The herb Herba Centipedae is the dried entire plant of Centipeda minima(L.) A.Braum et Aschers(family Compositae), used (1).to disperse cold and relieve nasal congestion for the treatment of colds with an acute rhinitis, and (2).to arrest cough. The herb is commonly known as Small Centipeda Herb, Herba Centipedae, or é Bù Shí Cǎo.

 Botanical source: The herb Herba Centipedae(Small Centipeda Herb) is the dried entire plant of Centipeda minima(L.) A.Braum et Aschers, it is a plant of the Centipeda Lour. genus, the Compositae family of the Campanulales order.

 Centipeda minima L. Common official herbal classics and other famous herbal classics defined the herb Herba Centipedae(Small Centipeda Herb, or é Bù Shí Cǎo) as the dried entire plant of:(1).Centipeda minima(L.) A.Braum et Aschers. This commonly used species is introduced as:

 Centipeda minima L. (1).Centipeda minima(L.)A.Braum et Aschers.:
 Botanical description: The plant is also known as Small Centipeda. Small annual herbs of coriander, 5~20 cm tall. Stem is slender, much-branched, base prostrate, easily rooted after touching the ground, glabrous or slightly hirsute. Leaves are alternate; Sessile; Leaf blade sphenoid oblanceolate, 7~20 mm long, 3~5 mm wide, apex obtuse, margin irregularly sparsely toothed, glabrous, or slightly hairy below. Inflorescence is small, oblate, ca. 3 mm in diameter, solitary in leaf axils, no or nearly no total pedicels; Involucre hemispherical; Involucral bracts are 2 layers, elliptic-lanceolate, green, margin membranous, outer layer larger than inner layer; Receptacle flat, no receptacle; Flowers miscellaneous, light yellow or yellowish-green, all tube shape; Peripheral female flowers multilayered, corolla fine, with inconspicuous lobes; Central bisexual flowers, corolla distinctly 4-lobed. Achene elliptic, ca. 1 mm long, 4-ribbed, margin hairy; No hair. Its flowering period is from September to November.

 Centipeda minima L. Ecological environment:  the plant grows on the awn field, the ridge of the field, and wet grass. Resources distribution: the plant distributes in the north, central, south, southwest of China.

 Growth characteristics: The plant grows in roadside wilderness, ridge, and damp grass field.

 Characters of herbs: Fibrous root is slender, flaxen; Stem fine, much-branched, crisp, easily broken, cross-section is yellow-white. Leaves are small, subsessile; Leaf blade is much wrinkled or broken, whole herb flattening spoon shape, surface is gray-green or tan, margin with 3~5 teeth. Heads are yellow or russet. Smells light afternoon, the long smell of stimulation, taste bitter; Slight sheen. Those herbs with the lubricious gray-green, strong stimulative smell is better.

 Pharmacological actions: The essential oil and ethanol extract of this product has the effect of relieving cough, expectorant, and asthma. The precipitation part has no obvious cough relieving effect and no expectorant effect. The water decoction is highly sensitive to diphtheria bacteria, Staphylococcus aureus, and other experimental strains, and had some inhibitory effects on mycobacterium tuberculosis. The distillate has the effect of suppressing the influenza virus.

 Medicinal efficacy: Dispel wind, dissipate cold, eliminate dampness, remove leucoma(dim eyesight), relieve nasal congestion, indicated for cold, pharyngitis(throat obstruction), pertussis(whooping cough), abdominal pain of eruptive disease, malaria, chancroid diarrhea, rhinopolyp(nasal polyp), leucoma(dim eyesight) and itchy, ecthyma(chronic ulcer of the shank), scabies, and traumatic injury, etc.

 Administration of Herba Centipedae(é Bù Shí Cǎo): 
 
Reference: Administration Guide of Herba Centipedae(é Bù Shí Cǎo)
TCM Books: Internally:6~9 grams,Externally:proper amount(CP),or water decoction,1.5~3 qian(about 4.5~9 grams),or extract juice.Externally:mashed and stuff nose,grinded into fine powder and stuff nose, or mashed and apply stick(DCTM), or 5~9 grams, water decoction; mashed to juice and take.Externally:proper amount,mashed and apply stick, or mashed and stuff nose, or mashed and apply(CHMM).

 
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References:
  • 1.Introduction of e Bu Shi Cao:Herba Centipedae or Small Centipeda Herb.
  • 2.TCM Books:DCTM(Dictionary of the Chinese Traditional Medicine),CHMM(Chinese Herbal Materia Medica).

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