Introduction of e Bu Shi Cao:Herba Centipedae or Small Centipeda Herb.

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The article gives records of the herb Small Centipeda Herb, its English name, Latin name, property and flavor, its botanical source one plant species, ①.Centipeda minima(L.) A.Braum et Aschers., with a detailed introduction to the botanical features of this plant, the growth characteristics, and ecological environment of this plant, the features of the herb Small Centipeda Herb, its pharmacological actions, medicinal efficacy, and administration guide.

Herba Centipedae(Small Centipeda Herb).

Small Centipeda Herb Pin Yin Name: é Bù Shí Cǎo.
 English Name: Small Centipeda Herb.
 Latin Name: Herba Centipedae.
 Property and flavor: warm, pungent.

 Brief introduction: The herb Herba Centipedae is the dried entire plant of Centipeda minima(L.) A.Braum et Aschers(family Compositae), used (1).to disperse cold and relieve nasal congestion for the treatment of colds with an acute rhinitis, and (2).to arrest cough. The herb is commonly known as Small Centipeda Herb, Herba Centipedae, or é Bù Shí Cǎo.

 Botanical source: The herb Herba Centipedae(Small Centipeda Herb) is the dried entire plant of Centipeda minima(L.) A.Braum et Aschers, it is a plant of the Centipeda Lour. genus, the Compositae family of the Campanulales order.

 a shrub of Centipeda minima L. Common official herbal classics and other famous herbal classics defined the herb Herba Centipedae(Small Centipeda Herb, or é Bù Shí Cǎo) as the dried entire plant of:(1).Centipeda minima(L.) A.Braum et Aschers. This commonly used species is introduced as:

Centipeda minima(L.)A.Braum et Aschers.

 a cluster of small centipeda. Botanical description: The plant is also known as Small Centipeda. Small annual herbs of coriander, 5~20 cm tall. Stem is slender, much-branched, base prostrate, easily rooted after touching the ground, glabrous or slightly hirsute. Leaves are alternate; Sessile; Leaf blade sphenoid oblanceolate, 7~20 mm long, 3~5 mm wide, apex obtuse, margin irregularly sparsely toothed, glabrous, or slightly hairy below. Inflorescence is small, oblate, ca. 3 mm in diameter, solitary in leaf axils, no or nearly no total pedicels; Involucre hemispherical; Involucral bracts are 2 layers, elliptic-lanceolate, green, margin membranous, outer layer larger than inner layer; Receptacle flat, no receptacle; Flowers miscellaneous, light yellow or yellowish-green, all tube shape; Peripheral female flowers multilayered, corolla fine, with inconspicuous lobes; Central bisexual flowers, corolla distinctly 4-lobed. Achene elliptic, ca. 1 mm long, 4-ribbed, margin hairy; No hair. Its flowering period is from September to November.

 Centipeda minima grows on sandy soil. Ecological environment:  the plant grows on the awn field, the ridge of the field, and wet grass. Resources distribution: the plant distributes in the north, central, south, southwest of China.

 Growth characteristics: The plant grows in roadside wilderness, ridge, and damp grass field.

 Small Centipeda Herb:dried herb. Characters of herbs: The herb is tangled and agglomerated. The fibrous roots are slender and light yellow. The stems are thin and much branched; the herb is crisp, easily broken, the cross-section is yellow and white. Leaves are small, subsessile; The leaves are mostly shriveled and broken, and the intact ones are spoon-shaped after flattening, the surface is gray-green or brown, 3 ~ 5 serrations at the edges. The capitulum(flower heads) are yellow or yellowish brown. It smells slightly fragrant, smells irritating after long-term sniffing, tastes bitter and slightly pungent. The herb which is gray-green, and strong stimulating smell is better.

 Pharmacological actions: ①.effect of relieving cough, expectorant, and asthma; ②.sensitive to diphtheria bacteria, Staphylococcus aureus, and other experimental strains, and inhibitory effects on mycobacterium tuberculosis; ③.effect of suppressing the influenza virus.

 Medicinal efficacy: Dispel wind, dissipate cold, eliminate dampness, remove leucoma(dim eyesight), relieve nasal congestion, indicated for cold, pharyngitis(throat obstruction), pertussis(whooping cough), abdominal pain of eruptive disease, malaria, chancroid diarrhea, rhinopolyp(nasal polyp), leucoma(dim eyesight) and itchy, ecthyma(chronic ulcer of the shank), scabies, and traumatic injury, etc.

 Administration of Herba Centipedae(é Bù Shí Cǎo): 
Reference: Administration Guide of Herba Centipedae(é Bù Shí Cǎo)
TCM Books: ①.Internally:6~9 grams,Externally:proper amount;②.water decoction,1.5~3 qian(about 4.5~9 grams),or extract juice.Externally:mashed and stuff nose,grinded into fine powder and stuff nose, or mashed and apply stick;③.5~9 grams, water decoction; mashed to juice and take.Externally:proper amount,mashed and apply stick, or mashed and stuff nose, or mashed and apply.

Pungent-Warm Exterior-releasing Herbs.

 Introduction: Pungent-warm exterior-releasing herbs: an agent or substance herbs pungent in flavor and warm in property, which is usually used for treating a wind-cold exterior syndrome.
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