Introduction of Zao Jiao Ci:Chinese Honeylocust Spine or Spina Gleditsiae.

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The article gives records of the herb Chinese Honeylocust Spine, its English name, Latin name, property and flavor, its botanical source one plant species, ①.Gleditsia sinensis Lam., with a detailed introduction to the botanical features of this plant species, the growth characteristics, and ecological environment of this plant species, the features of the herb Chinese Honeylocust Spine, its pharmacological actions, medicinal efficacy, and administration guide.

Spina Gleditsiae(Chinese Honeylocust Spine).

Spina Gleditsiae:herb photo Pin Yin Name: Zào Jiǎo Cì.
 English Name: Chinese Honeylocust Spine.
 Latin Name: Spina Gleditsiae.
 Property and flavor: warm, pungent.

 Brief introduction: The herb Spina Gleditsiae is the dried spine of Gleditsia sinensis Lam.(family Leguminosae), used (1).to reduce swelling and dispel pus for treating acute suppurative inflammation with the effect of promoting local rupture, and (2).as an antipruritic in the treatment of skin diseases. It is commonly known as Spina Gleditsiae, Chinese Honeylocust Spine, Zào Jiǎo Cì.

 Botanical source: Herbal classic book defined the herb Spina Gleditsiae(Chinese Honeylocust Spine) as the dried spine of the species (1).Gleditsia sinensis Lam. It is a plant of the Gleditsia Linn genus, the Leguminosae family of the Rosales order. This commonly used species is introduced as:

(1).Gleditsia sinensis Lam.

 Gleditsia sinensis Lam.:drawing of plant parts Botanical description: It is commonly known as Zào Jiá. Deciduous trees or small trees, grows up to 30 meters high; Branches are gray to dark brown; Spines stout, cylindrical, often branched, mostly conical, up to 16 cm long, leaves as primary compound leaves, 10~18(~26) cm long; Leaflets (2~)3-9 pairs, papery, ovate-lanceolate to oblong, 2~8.5(~12.5) cm long, 1~4(~6) cm wide, apex acute or acuminate, apex obtuse, base rounded or cuneate, sometimes slightly oblique, margin serrate, upper pubescent, lower midvein is slightly pubescent; Netted veins are prominent, convex on both sides; Petiole 1~2(5) mm long, pubescent.

 Gleditsia sinensis Lam.:growing tree with pods Flowers are miscellaneous, yellow and white, composed of racemes; Inflorescences are axillary or terminal, 5~14 cm long, pubescent; Male flowers: 9~10 mm in diameter; Pedicels 2~8(~10) mm; Receptacle 2.5~3 mm long, dark brown, outside pilose; 4 sepals, triangular-lanceolate, 3 mm long, pilose on both surfaces; 4 petals, oblong, 4~5 mm long, puberulent; 8 stamens; Vestigial pistil 2.5 mm long; Bisexual flowers: 10~12 mm in diameter; Pedicels are 2-5 mm long; Calyx, petals are similar to male flowers, except sepals, petals 5~6 mm; 8 stamens; Ovary sutures and base hairy (occasionally a few Hubei specimen ovary all hairy), stigma shallowly 2-lobed; Ovules are numerous.

 Pod is banded, 12~37 cm long, 2~4 cm wide, strong straight or twisted, the pulp is slightly thick, dropsy on both sides, some pods are short, more or less cylindrical, 5~13 cm long, 1~1.5 cm wide, curved crescent shape, usually called pig tooth soap, no seeds inside; Fruit neck length is 1~3.5 cm; Fruit petals are leathery, brown or reddish-brown, often white pinkish frost; Many seeds, oblong or elliptic, 11~13 mm long, 8~9 mm wide, brown, shiny. Its flowering period is from March to May, the fruiting period is from May to December.

 Gleditsia sinensis Lam.:growing tree and spine Ecological Environment: The plant is photophobia, prefers slightly shade, grows in the hillside forest or valley, roadside, elevation from flat to 2,500 meters. Often grows in courtyards or beside houses. It grows normally in slightly acidic, calcareous, lightly saline or alkaline soils or even clay or sandy soils. It is a deep-rooted plant with strong drought tolerance and its life span is up to 600 or 700 years. This plant distributes in most areas of China.

 Chinese Honeylocust Spine:herb photo Characters of herbs: The complete thorns are the main spines and l~2 branches; The main spines are long conical or oblate, with a length of 3~15 cm or 5~18 cm or longer, a diameter of 0.3~1 cm, a base of 8~12 mm thick, and a sharp end. Branches are spirally arranged, forming an angle of 60~80 with the main thorn, and extending around, with sharp thorn ends, generally about 1~7 cm long; There are often smaller thorns on the secondary branches, and the inner side of the base of the branch thorns often presents a small mound-like bulge; The herb is purple-brown or brown, smooth or finely wrinkled. The herb is light, the texture of the herb is hard and not easily broken. Commodities are cut into inclined thin slices, usually long lanceolate, 2~6 cm long, 3~7 mm wide, and 1~3 mm thick. It frequently has a pointed thorn end, the xylem of the cross-section is yellow-white, the central pith is loose and soft, which is light reddish or reddish-brown. The texture of the herb is crisp, easily broken, it has a slight odor or odorless, mild tastes, or tasteless. The herb of better grade is thin slices, without impurity, seedless, brown-purple, brown-red in the middle of the slice, and spongy core.

 Pharmacological actions: ①.anticancer effect; ②.bacteriostasis: The water decoction has an inhibitory effect on Staphylococcus aureus and Mlicrococcus catarrhalis.

 Medicinal efficacy: Detumescence and draining toxin, removing the wind, draw out the poison, eliminate the pernicious influence and prompt eruption of pus, drainage of pus, kill parasites. It is indicated for the onset of ulcer or pus formed and failure to ulcerate, swollen carbuncles, warts, ulcers, scrofula(lymphoid tuberculosis), sore ulcer and stubborn dermatitis, tinea sore, postpartum hypogalactia, retention of afterbirth, externally for scabies and leprosy.

 Administration of Spina Gleditsiae(Zào Jiǎo Cì): 
Reference: Administration Guide of Spina Gleditsiae(Zào Jiǎo Cì)
TCM Books: ①.Internally:3~9 grams. Externally:proper amount, steaming with vinegar and smear liquid at affected area; ②.Internally:water decoction,1~3 qian(about 3~9 grams), or prepare to pill, powder. Externally:decoct with vinegar and smear apply, prepare to ground herb powder and sprinkle apply, or mixed and apply stick; ③.Internally:water decoction,3~9 grams, prepared to pill, powder. Externally:proper amount, decoct with vinegar and smear apply, prepare to ground herb powder and sprinkle apply, or mixed and apply stick.
 Contraindications,Precautions and Adverse Reactions:should avoid using the herb Spina Gleditsiae during pregnancy.

herbs regulating blood conditions,herbs activating blood and resolving stasis.

 Introduction: Herbs activating blood and resolving stasis: also known as blood-activating and stasis-resolving herbs, an agent or substance herbs that promotes blood flow and removes stagnant blood, also known as blood-activating and stasis-dispelling herbs, or blood-activating herbs and stasis-resolving herbs.
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