Introduction of Shui Hong Hua Zi:Prince's-feather Fruit or Fructus Polygoni Orientalis.

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The article gives records of the herb Prince's-feather Fruit, its English name, Latin name, property and flavor, its botanical source one plant species, ①.Polygonum orientale L., and another usable plant species, ②.Polygonum lapathifolium L., with a detailed introduction to the botanical features of this plant species, the growth characteristics, and ecological environment of this plant species, the features of the herb Prince's-feather Fruit, its pharmacological actions, medicinal efficacy, and administration guide.

Fructus Polygoni Orientalis(Prince's-feather Fruit).

Fructus Polygoni Orientalis:herb photo Pin Yin Name: Shuǐ Hónɡ Huā Zǐ.
 English Name: Prince's-feather Fruit.
 Latin Name: Fructus Polygoni Orientalis.
 Property and flavor: slightly cold, salty.

 Brief introduction: The herb Fructus Polygoni Orientalis is the dried ripe fruit of Polygonum orientalis L.(family Polygonaceae), used to eliminate blood stasis in the treatment of abdominal pain and relieve epigastric pain due to food stagnation. The herb is commonly known as Fructus Polygoni Orientalis, Prince's-feather Fruit, Shuǐ Hónɡ Huā Zǐ.

 Botanical source: Herbal classic book defined the herb Fructus Polygoni Orientalis(Prince's-feather Fruit) as the dried ripe fruit of the species (1). Polygonum orientale L. Other famous herbal classics defined the herb Fructus Polygoni Orientalis(Prince's-feather Fruit) as the fruit of the species (1). Polygonum orientale L., (2). Polygonum lapathifolium L. They are plants of the Polygonum L. Genus, the Polygonaceae family of the Polygonales order. These 2 commonly used species are introduced as:

(1).Polygonum orientale L.


 Polygonum orientale L.:flowering plant Botanical description: The plant is commonly known as Hóng Liǎo. Annual herb. The stem is erect, stout, 1~2 meters high, the upper part is much-branched, densely spreading villous.

 Leaves are broadly ovate, broadly elliptic or ovate-lanceolate, 10~20 cm long, 5~12 cm wide, apex acuminate, the base is rounded or subcordate, margin entire, margin densely pubescent, both surfaces are densely pubescent, veins densely growing pubescent; Petiole 2~10 cm long, with spreading villous; Stipules are tubular, membranous, 1~2 cm long, villous, with long ciliate hairs, usually with grassy, green wings along the apex.

 Polygonum orientale L.:flowering plant Racemes are spicate, terminal or axillary, 3~7 cm long, flowers are compact, slightly pendulous, usually several again paniculate; Bracts are broadly funnelform, 3~5 mm long, grassy, green, pubescent, margin with long margin, 3~5 flowers per bract; Pedicels are longer than bracts; Perianth is 5-lobed, pink or white; Tepals are elliptic, 3~4 mm long; 7 stamens, longer than perianth; Disc conspicuous; 2 styles, lower-middle connate, longer than perianth, stigma capitate.

 Achene subcircular, biconcave, 3~3.5 mm in diameter, dark brown, glossy, enveloped in persistent perianth. Its flowering period is from June to September, fruiting from August to October.

 Polygonum orientale L.:flowering plant Ecological Environment: the plant widely distributes throughout China, also distributed in Southeast Asia, Europe, and Oceania. Wild or cultivated. It grows in channel edge, wetland, village side roadside, at the area with an altitude of elevation 30~2,700 meters. It prefers warm and humid environment, the requirements of adequate light. Its adaptability is very strong, not strict to soil requirement, adapt to the soil of all sorts of types, like fertile, moist, loose soil, but also can bear barren. It is both water-loving and drought-tolerant. It is often growing in valleys, roadsides, dikes of fields, grasslands, and wetlands on both sides of rivers. The plant has strong vitality, almost no diseases, and insect pests.

 Prince feather Fruit:herb photo Characters of herbs: The achenes are flat and round, with a diameter of 3~4 mm or 2-3.5 mm, and a thickness of about 1 mm or 1~1.5 mm. The surface is brown-black, brown-yellow, or reddish-brown, smooth and shiny, slightly concave on both sides, slightly longitudinal uplift in the middle, protruding stylopodium at the apex, yellow carpopodium(fruit stalk) marks at the base, and some residual gray-white membranous perianth. The texture of the herb is hard. Except for the pericarp, we can see an oblate seed, which is surrounded by a light brown membranous seed coat, a light brown protuberant micropyle at the apex, and a round hilum at the base. The endosperm is white, powdery, and the embryo is small and curved, located around the endosperm. The herb has a slight odor, it tastes mild or slightly pungent. The herb of better grade has big, full, and brownish-black grains.

 Polygonum orientale L.:flowering plant Pharmacological actions: ①.anti-tumor effect; ②.antibacterial effect; ③.diuretic effect.

 Medicinal efficacy: Dissipate blood stasis and eliminate mass, invigorate blood circulation, removing Qi stagnation or food retention and analgesic, invigorate spleen and remove dampness through diuresis, clear heat and detoxify, and improving eyesight. It is indicated for abdominal mass and lump in the abdomen, hypochondriac abdominal accumulation, lump gall swelling pain, dyspepsia and indigestion, dropsy in belly, stomachache, epigastric distention pain, abdominal distention and poor appetite, pinkeye, sore and swelling, scrofula, etc.

 Administration of Fructus Polygoni Orientalis(Shuǐ Hónɡ Huā Zǐ): 
 
Reference: Administration Guide of Fructus Polygoni Orientalis(Shuǐ Hónɡ Huā Zǐ)
TCM Books: ①.Internally:15~30 grams. Externally:proper amount, prepare an ointment and apply stick; ②.Internally:water decoction,2~3 qian(about 6~9 grams), big dosage up to 1 liang(about 30 grams);prepare to ground herb powder, prepare an ointment or infusing in wine. Externally:prepare an ointment or mashed and apply stick; ③.Internally:water decoction,3~10 grams, prepare to ground herb powder, prepare an ointment or infusing in wine. Externally:proper amount, prepare an ointment or mashed and apply stick.

(2).Polygonum lapathifolium L.


 Polygonum lapathifolium L.:growing plant Botanical description: The plant is commonly known as Suān Mú Yè Liǎo. Annual herb, 40~90 cm tall. The stem is erect, branched, glabrous, nodes swollen.

 Leaves lanceolate or broadly lanceolate, 5~15 cm long, 1~3 cm wide, apex acuminate or acute, base cuneate, upper green, often with a large black-brown crescent-shaped spot, both surfaces are shortly stiffly oppressed along midvein, entire, margin coarsely ciliate; Petiole short, shortly stiffly oppressed; Leaf-sheath tubular, 1.5~3 cm long, membranous, pale brown, glabrous, with many veins, apex truncate, without hairs, rarely with short hairs.

 Polygonum lapathifolium L.:growing plant Racemes are spicate, terminal or axillary, suberect, flowers are compact, usually several paniculate, peduncle glandular; Bracts are funnelform, the margin is sparsely shortly hairy; Perianth pink or white, 4~5 deeply lobed, perianth slice elliptic, outer two sides larger, veins strong, top fork cent, outer curve; It usually has 6 stamens.

  Achene broadly ovate, double concave, 2~3 mm long, dark brown, glossy, enveloped in the persistent perianth. Its flowering period is from June to August, fruiting from July to September.

 Polygonum lapathifolium L.:flowering plant Ecological Environment: the plant widely distributes in the areas of north and south China, it also distributes in Europe, other areas of East Asia, Pakistan, health field edge, roadside, water edge, wasteland or ditch edge wetland, at areas with an altitude of elevation 30~3,900 meters. Polygonum lapathifolium is a common weed in dry and paddy fields and their surrounding areas. The suitable temperature for germination is 15~20℃, a seedling depth of 5 cm. In the north area, seedlings began to emerge in late April, flowers in late June and seeds began to mature in mid-July. Seedlings appeared in early March in the east, flowering and fruiting in May. In Guangdong, seedlings emerge in December, flowering, and fruiting in February. In the Yangtze river basin and the south area, the herb seedling from September to the second spring, its fruiting period is from April to May, mature before the crop fruit harvest date. Strong adaptability.
 
herbs regulating blood conditions,herbs activating blood and resolving stasis.

 Introduction: Herbs activating blood and resolving stasis: also known as blood-activating and stasis-resolving herbs, an agent or substance herbs that promotes blood flow and removes stagnant blood, also known as blood-activating and stasis-dispelling herbs, or blood-activating herbs and stasis-resolving herbs.
 
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References:
  • 1.Introduction of Shui Hong Hua Zi:Prince's-feather Fruit or Fructus Polygoni Orientalis.

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