Introduction of Ce Bai Ye:Chinese Arborvitae Twig and Leaf or Cacumen Platycladi.
✵The article gives records of the herb Chinese Arborvitae Twig and Leaf, its English name, Latin name, property and flavor, its botanical source one plant species, ①.Platycladus orientalis (L.) Franco., with a detailed introduction to the botanical features of this plant species, the growth characteristics, and ecological environment of this plant species, the features of the herb Chinese Arborvitae Twig and Leaf, its pharmacological actions, medicinal efficacy, and administration guide.
Cacumen Platycladi(Chinese Arborvitae Twig and Leaf).
Pin Yin Name: Cè Bǎi Yè.
English Name: Chinese Arborvitae Twig and Leaf.
Latin Name: Cacumen Platycladi.
Property and flavor: slightly cold, bitter, puckery.
Brief introduction: The herb Cacumen Platycladi is the dried twig and leaf of Platycladus orientalis (L.) Franco, used in the same way as a blood-cooling hemostatic for treating epistaxis, hemoptysis, hematemesis, hematochezia, and metrorrhagia, also used for treating premature graying of hair. The herb is commonly known as Cacumen Platycladi, Chinese Arborvitae Twig and Leaf, Cè Bǎi Yè.
Botanical source: Common herbal classics defined the herb Cacumen Platycladi (Cè Bǎi Yè) as the dry tip of branch and leaf(or the young shoots or young twig and leaf, or tip of branch and leaf) of the Cupressaceae family (cypress family) plant species (1). Platycladus orientalis (L.) Franco. This commonly used species is introduced:
(1).Platycladus orientalis (L.) Franco.
Botanical description: Platycladus orientalis (L.) Franco is also known as Thuja orientalis L., or Biota orientalis (L.) Endl., is a plant of the Cupressaceae family (cypress family) and Platycladus genus, it is commonly known as Platycladus orientalis, Thuja Orientalis, Oriental Arborvitae, Chinese Arborvitae, Cè Bǎi, Xiāng Bǎi, Bian Bǎi, Bian Sōng, etc. Evergreen trees, grow up to 20 meters tall, about 1 meter in DBH (diameter of a cross-section of a tree trunk 1.3 meters above the ground). The bark is thin, pale grayish-brown, and longitudinally split into strips. The branchlets are straight and flat, explanate, arrange in a plane surface. Leaves are scaly, decussate, 1~3 mm long, the apex is slightly obtuse, the exposed parts of leaves on the upper and lower sides of branchlets are obovate-rhombus or rhombus, the leaves on both sides fold over the base sides of the upper and lower leaves, and they are carinate (cariniform). There are glandular grooves in the middle of the back surface of the leaves.
The tree is monoecious; strobilus (strobile) is solitary and grows on the tip of the short branch; Male strobilus is yellow, ovoid, and about 2 mm long. Cone matures in the same year, is ovoid, 1.5~2 cm long, succulent before it matures, cyan (aquamarine blue), covered with white powder; turns woody when it is mature, cracks, and is russet (reddish-brown); seminiferous scales (fruit scales) are in 4 pairs, flat, the part near the apex on the back surface has a retroflexed pointed tip, fruit scales on the middle part have 1–2 seeds.
Seeds are ovoid or ovate-oblong, 4~6 mm long, taupe (dust color) or puce (purple-brown), wingless or ridged, and the hilum is big and conspicuous. Its flowering period is from March to April, and the fruit ripens from September to October.
Ecological Environment: Platycladus orientalis (L.) Franco grows in moist and fertile fields, and also grows in limestone mountainous regions, moist and fertile slopes. This species is mainly distributed in most areas of China and is cultivated in most areas, except Qinghai and Xinjiang. It is widely distributed from the south of the northeast, passing through the north to the west and south reaches of the Zhujiang River, and west to the northwest, southwest. This species was native to the northwest area of China. It is also naturalized as an introduced species elsewhere in Asia: south to northern Pakistan; and west to northern Iran.
Growth characteristics: Platycladus orientalis (L.) Franco., is a temperate positive species, cultivated and grows in wild fields. The plant likes light, is slightly resistant to shade when young, is adaptable, its soil requirements are not strict, and it can grow in acid, neutral, lime, and light saline soil. It is resistant to drought, poor fertility, cold, salinity, and weak wind resistance. In dry, lean mountains, growth is slow, and plants grow thin. Taproot is shallow, but lateral roots (branch roots) are well-developed, have strong germination, have a long life, can eliminate smoke, sulfur dioxide, hydrogen chloride, and other harmful gases, and have wide distribution, it is one of the most commonly used ornamental trees in China.
Landscaping: Platycladus orientalis (L.) Franco., has an indispensable position in landscaping. It can be used for the roadway, pavilion garden, both sides of the gate, around the green area, roadside flower beds, and inside and outside of walls, all are very beautiful. The seedlings can be used as a hedge, and the isolation zone is dotted with walls. In urban greening, it is a common plant, Platycladus orientalis has a strong tolerance for dirty air, is planted in downtown streets, and along the roadside, grows well, does no harm to the vision, adsorbs spinel, purifies the air, Platycladus orientalis could be planted in the window, near the door, has a very decorative effect. It is green in summer and winter, does not block the light, does not obstruct the vision, and has more vitality, especially in the snow. The tree is planted in the grass, flower beds, rocks, and forest, which can increase the level of afforestation, and provide rich aesthetic appreciation. Its characteristics of pollution resistance, cold resistance, and drought resistance have been well-developed in the northern forests. If you use Platycladus orientalis, as a green seedling, the advantages are low cost, a high transplant survival rate, and a wide supply of goods.
Timber value: wood is light yellow-brown, rich in resin, has a fine texture, an oblique line, strong corrosion resistance, 0.58, and solid durability. It is used for building, appliances, furniture, farm tools, and stationery.
Characters of herbs: The branches of this herb are different in length, many-branched, and the branchlets are flat. Leaves are small and scaly, decussate, adnate and appressed on branches, dark green or yellowish green. The texture of the herb is crisp and easily broken. The herb has a faint scent, it tastes bitter, puckery, and slightly pungent. The herb of better grade has tender leaves, cyan (aquamarine blue), and no crushed powder.
Pharmacological actions: ①.shorten the clotting time; ②.inhibitory effect on staphylococcus aureus, Mlicrococcus catarrhalis, Bacillus dysenteriae, beta streptococcus, and on Mycobacterium tuberculosis, influenza, herpes virus; ③.antitussive; ④.expectorant; ⑤.antiasthmatic effects; ⑥.reduce blood pressure in cats.
Medicinal efficacy: Cooling blood, hemostasis (stanch bleeding), grow hair and black hair, relieve cough and expectorant, dispelling wind dampness, disperse swelling poison. It is indicated for hememesis(spitting blood), epistaxis (nose bleeding or bleeding from five aperture or subcutaneous tissue), hematemesis, hematuria (blood in urine), hemafecia (pass blood in stool), dysentery with bloody stool, uterine bleeding and unstoppable, hemorrhoidal hamorrhage, bacterial dysentery, rheumatic arthralgia, hypertension, cough, cough with excessive phlegm, erysipelas, mumps, scalds, blood heat and alopecia (hair loss), premature whitening of hair and beard, etc.
Administration of Cacumen Platycladi (Cè Bǎi Yè):
Administration Guide of Cacumen Platycladi (Cè Bǎi Yè)
①.Internally:6~12 grams. Externally:proper amount; ②.Internally:water decoction, 2~4 qian (about 6~12 grams), or prepare to pill, powder. Externally:wash with water decoction, mashed and apply stick, or prepare to ground herb powder and apply stick; ③.Internally:water decoction, 6~15 grams, or prepared to pill, powder. Externally:proper amount, wash with water decoction, mashed and apply stick, or prepare to ground herb powder and apply stick.
Contraindications,Precautions and Adverse Reactions:the herb Cacumen Platycladi better be used with wine, take much lead to vomiting.
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1.Introduction of Ce Bai Ye:Chinese Arborvitae Twig and Leaf or Cacumen Platycladi.