Introduction of Mo Han Lian:Eclipta, Yerbadetajo Herb or Herba Ecliptae.
✵The article gives records of the herb Eclipta,Yerbadetajo Herb, its English name, Latin name, property and flavor, its botanical source one plant species, ①.Eclipta prostrata L., with a detailed introduction to the botanical features of this plant species, the growth characteristics, and ecological environment of this plant species, the features of the herb Eclipta,Yerbadetajo Herb, its pharmacological actions, medicinal efficacy, and administration guide.
Herba Ecliptae(Eclipta,Yerbadetajo Herb).
Pin Yin Name: Mò Hàn Lián.
English Name: Eclipta,Yerbadetajo Herb.
Latin Name: Herba Ecliptae.
Property and flavor: cold, sour, sweet.
Brief introduction: The herb Herba Ecliptae is the aerial part of Eclipta prostrata L., used (1).as a blood-cooling hemostatic for various hemorrhages due to excessive heat in the blood, and (2).as a tonic to nourish the liver and kidney for the treatment of dizziness, tinnitus, premature graying of hair, and aching and weakness in the back and legs. The herb is commonly known as Herba Ecliptae, Eclipta, Yerbadetajo Herb, Mò Hàn Lián.
Botanical source: Common herbal classics defined the herb Herba Ecliptae(Mo Han Lian), or Yerbadetajo Herb as the dry aerial part(above-ground part), or dry whole herb of the Composite family plant species (1). Eclipta prostrata L. It is a plant of the Eclipta genus, the Asteraceae family (Compositae, aster, daisy family) of the Campanulales order. This commonly used species is introduced:
(1).Eclipta prostrata L.
Botanical description: The Eclipta prostrata L., is a plant of the Composite family and Eclipta genus, it is commonly known as "Eclipta prostrata", "Yerbadetajo Herb", or "Li Chang" annual herb. Stems are upright, obliquely ascending or supine, grow up to 60 cm, usually branched from base, adnate to hairs. Leaves are long-lanceolate or lanceolate, sessile or shortly stalked, 3~10 cm long, 0.5~2.5 cm wide, apical or acuminate, margin is serrulate, or sometimes undulate, bilaterally dense hard rough hairs.
The capitulum is 6~8 mm in diameter, with peduncles 2~4 cm long; stipitate globose, involucre bracts are green, herbaceous, 5~6-rowed, 2-layered, oblong or oblong-shaped needle shape, outer layer is slightly shorter than inner layer, abaxially and marginally white with short hairs; peripheral female flowers are 2 layers, tongue-like, 2~3 mm long, tongues are short, distally 2-lobed or entire, central bisexual flowers, corolla is tubular, white, ca. 1.5 mm, apically 4-dentate; style branches are blunt, papillate; receptacles are convex, lanceolate or linear brackets. Above the middle of the truncated piece is slight pilose; achene is dark brown, 2.8 mm long, achenes are triangular to female flowers, amphipod flowers are oblate, prismatic, apical truncate, 1-3-toothed, base is slightly narrowed, margins with the white ribs have small nodules and are glabrous. Its flowering period is from June to September.
Characters of herbs: The herb with or without roots, all of which are covered with white coarse hair. The root is fibrous, 5~10 cm long. The stem is cylindrical, multi-branched, with a diameter of 2~7 mm, grayish-green or slightly purple on the surface, with longitudinal edges, the texture of the herb is crisp and easy to break, the fracture surface is yellow-white, there is white loose pith in the center, and sometimes are hollow. The leaves are opposite, curled or broken, dark-green, and the intact leaves are lanceolate after flattening, with a length of 3~10 cm and a width of 0.5~2.5 cm. Entire edge or slightly serrulate, subsessile. The flower head is solitary at the branch end, with a diameter of 6~11 mm, the pedicel is thin and long, 5~6 involucral bracts, yellow-green or chocolate-brown, and the corolla mostly falls off. Achenes are flat oval, brown, with tubercle-like protrusions on the surface. The herb has a slight fragrance, it has a mild taste, is slightly salty, and puckery. The herb of better grade is black, green, and leafy.
Ecological Environment: The Eclipta prostrata L., grows in fields, roadsides, streams, and wetlands. Geographical distribution: This species is mainly distributed in provinces and regions across China, and is also widely distributed in the tropical and subtropical regions of the world.
The Eclipta prostrata L., is found in wet places, on the roadside, on the edge of fields, on the edge of the pond, and the bank of the river. It is also found in wet paddy fields or abandoned paddy fields, often grows with Portulaca oleracea, Hedyoftisdiffusa, Leptochloachinensis, etc. Strong resistance to shade, it can grow well on the wet ground. Intolerant to drought, in a slightly dry place, the plants are short and grow poorly. In the wild state, the Eclipta prostrata blooms from May to August, the seeds mature after 20~30 days of flowering, and the whole plant decays and disappears on its own. In the case of artificial sowing, sowing to emergence takes 1~2 months, emergence to flowering in 20~30 days, flowering to maturity in 15~20 days, flowering time can be extended to about 1 month. Then the whole plant withered.
The plant grows up to 0.6 meters annually. It is hardy to zone 9. It is blooming in August. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs). Herba Eclipta is known as Li Chang, an annual herb. Upright, stoloniferous; leaves are opposite, lanceolate; capitulum, axillary or terminal, white flowers; achene is black. It grows in the areas with altitude from 0 meters to 1,900 meters above sea level in China. It is common in the field and ditch stream wetlands. The use of the whole herbs, astringent, stop bleeding, invigorate the liver and kidney, the plant has not been introduced by artificial cultivation.
It is an annual, upright or prostate entirely pubescent herb, often rooting at nodes with opposite, sessile, usually oblong, 2.5~7.5 cm long leaves with appressed hairs. Floral heads are 6~8 mm in diameter, solitary, white; achene is compressed and narrowly winged. It grows commonly in moist places as a weed all over the world. The plant prefers light (sandy), medium (loamy), and heavy (clay) soils. The plant prefers acid, neutral, and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland). It requires moist or wet soil.
Growth characteristics: The plant Eclipta prostrata prefers a humid climate, resistant to dampness. Better to choose moist, loose and fertile, rich in humus sandy grave soil or loam soil for cultivation.
Pharmacological actions: ①.hemostasis (stanching bleeding); ②.cardiovascular effect; ③.effect on central nervous system; ④.antibacterial effect.
Medicinal efficacy: Nourish liver and kidney, nourish Yin, cool blood, and hemostasis (stanching bleeding). It is indicated for the deficiency of liver and kidney, loosening of the tooth, premature graying hair, dizziness and dazzled, vertigo and tinnitus, ache and pain of waist and knee, Yin deficiency and blood-heat, hematemesis (vomiting blood), haemoptysis (coughing blood), epistaxis (nose bleeding or bleeding from five aperture or subcutaneous tissue), hematuria (blood in urine), hemafecia (pass blood in stool), blood dysentery, uterine bleeding, diphtheria, stranguria with turbid discharge, morbid leukorrhea, pudendum wet and itching, traumatic bleeding, bleeding from knife wounds.
Administration of Herba Ecliptae (Mò Hàn Lián):
Administration Guide of Herba Ecliptae (Mò Hàn Lián)
①.Internally:6~12 grams. Externally:fresh herb, proper amount; ②.Internally:water decoction,0.3~1 liang (about 9~30 grams);prepare paste, extract juice or prepare to pill, powder. Externally:mashed and apply stick, prepare to ground herb powder and sprinkle, or stuff nose; ③.Internally:water decoction, 9~30 grams;or prepare to paste, or extract juice, or prepare to pill, powder. Externally:proper amount, mashed and apply stick;or stuff nose, or prepare to finely ground herb powder and apply stick.
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1.Introduction of Mo Han Lian:Eclipta, Yerbadetajo Herb or Herba Ecliptae.