Introduction of Mo Han Lian:Eclipta, Yerbadetajo Herb or Herba Ecliptae.

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The TCM herbalism is also known as pharmaceutics of Traditional Chinese Medicine, or Chinese pharmaceutics, is the branch of health science dealing with the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of Chinese herbs. It is majorly composed of Introduction of Chinese Medicinals, Classification of Chinese Herbs, Formulas, and Patent medicines.

Classifications of Herbs:herbs regulating blood conditions,herbs hemostatics.

 TCM Herbs Icon10 Introduction: herbs regulating blood conditions,herbs hemostatics: the blood-regulating herbs are an agent or substance herbs that has the effects of regulating blood-including arresting bleeding and activating circulation-and tonifying blood.The herbs hemostatics or hemostatic herbs are an agent or substance that arrests bleeding, either internal or external.

 
Herba Ecliptae(Eclipta,Yerbadetajo Herb).

Herba Ecliptae:herb photo Pin Yin Name: Mò Hàn Lián.
 English Name: Eclipta,Yerbadetajo Herb.
 Latin Name: Herba Ecliptae.
 Property and flavor: cold, sour, sweet.

 Brief introduction: The herb Herba Ecliptae is the aerial part of Eclipta prostrata L.(family Compositae), used (1).as a blood-cooling hemostatic for various hemorrhages due to excessive heat in the blood, and (2).as a tonic to nourish the liver and kidney for the treatment of dizziness, tinnitus, premature graying of hair, and aching and weakness in the back and legs. The herb is commonly known as Herba Ecliptae, Eclipta, Yerbadetajo Herb, Mò Hàn Lián.

 Eclipta prostrata L.:flowering plant Botanical source: Common herbal classics defined the herb Herba Ecliptae(Mo Han Lian), or Yerbadetajo Herb as the dry aerial part(above-ground part), or dry whole herb of the Composite family plant species (1). Eclipta prostrata L. It is a plant of the Eclipta genus, the Asteraceae family of the Campanulales order. This commonly used species is introduced as:

(1).Eclipta prostrata L.


 Botanical description: The Eclipta prostrata L., is a plant of the Composite family and Eclipta genus, it is commonly known as "Eclipta prostrata", "Yerbadetajo Herb", or "Li Chang" annual herb. Stems are erect, obliquely ascending or supine, grow up to 60 cm, usually branched from base, adnate to hairs. Leaves are long-lanceolate or lanceolate, sessile or shortly stalked, 3~10 cm long, 0.5~2.5 cm wide, apical or acuminate, margin serrulate, or sometimes undulate, bilaterally dense hard rough hairs.

 Eclipta prostrata L.:flowering plant The capitulum is 6~8 mm in diameter, with peduncles 2~4 cm long; stipitate globose, involucre bracts are green, herbaceous, 5~6-rowed, 2-layered, oblong or oblong-shaped needle shape, outer layer is slightly shorter than inner layer, abaxially and marginally white with short hairs; peripheral female flowers 2 layers, tongue-like, 2~3 mm long, tongues are short, distally 2-lobed or entire, central bisexual flowers, corolla is tubular, white, ca. 1.5 mm, apically 4-dentate; style branches blunt, papillate; receptacles convex, lanceolate or linear brackets. Above the middle of the truncated piece is micro pilose; achene dark brown, 2.8 mm long, achenes triangular to female flowers, amphipod flowers oblate, prismatic, apical truncate, 1-3-toothed, base slightly narrowed, margins with The white ribs have small nodules and are hairless. Its flowering period is from June to September.

 Eclipta,Yerbadetajo Herb:herb photo Characters of herbs: The dried whole plant is covered with white hair. The stem is cylindrical, about 30 cm long, about 3 mm in diameter: green-brown or purple-purple, with longitudinal ribs. Leaves curled, shrunk, or broken, greenish-brown. The head of the stem has a head-like inflorescence, many of which are already fruitful and have many black fruits. After soaking in water, its stems and leaves are black. The smells are slightly fragrant and taste slightly salty. It is better to use green and no impurities.

 Eclipta prostrata L.:flowering plant Ecological Environment: The Eclipta prostrata L., grows in fields, roadsides, streams, and wetlands. Geographical distribution: This species mainly distributes in provinces and regions across China, and also widely distributes in the tropical and subtropical regions of the world.

 The Eclipta prostrata L., is found in wet places, on the roadside, on the edge of fields, on the edge of the pond, and the bank of the river. It is also found in wet paddy fields or abandoned paddy fields, often grows with Portulaca oleracea, Hedyoftisdiffusa, Leptochloachinensis, etc. Strong resistance to shade, it can grow well on the wet ground. Intolerant to drought, in a slightly dry place, the plants are short and grow poorly. In the wild state, the Eclipta prostrata blooms from May to August, the seeds mature after 20~30 days of flowering, and the whole plant decays and disappears on its own. In the case of artificial sowing, sowing to emergence takes 1~2 months, emergence to flowering in 20~30 days, flowering to maturity in 15~20 days, flowering time can be extended to about 1 month. Then the whole plant died.

 Eclipta prostrata L.:flowering plant The plant grows up to 0.6 meters annually. It is hardy to zone 9. It is in flower in August. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs). Herba Eclipta is known as Li Chang, Asteraceae, an annual herb. Erect, stoloniferous; leaves opposite, lanceolate; capitulum, axillary or terminal, white flowers; achene black. It grows in the areas with altitude from 0 meters to 1,900 meters above sea level in China. It is common in the field and ditch stream wetlands. The use of the whole herbs, astringent, stop bleeding, invigorate the liver and kidney, the plant has not been introduced by artificial cultivation.

  It is an annual, erect or prostate entirely pubescent herb, often rooting at nodes with opposite, sessile, usually oblong, 2.5~7.5 cm long leaves with appressed hairs. Floral heads are 6~8 mm in diameter, solitary, white; achene compressed and narrowly winged. It grows commonly in moist places as a weed all over the world. The plant prefers light (sandy), medium (loamy), and heavy (clay) soils. The plant prefers acid, neutral, and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland). It requires moist or wet soil.

 Eclipta prostrata L.:flowering plant Growth characteristics: The plant Eclipta prostrata prefers a humid climate, resistant to dampness. Better to choose moist, loose and fertile, rich in humus sandy grave soil or loam soil for cultivation.

 Pharmacological actions: ①.hemostasis(stanching bleeding); ②.cardiovascular effect; ③.effect on central nervous system; ④.antibacterial effect.

 Medicinal efficacy: Nourish liver and kidney, nourish Yin, cool blood, and hemostasis(stanching bleeding). It is indicated for the deficiency of liver and kidney, loosening of the tooth, premature graying hair, dizziness and dazzled, vertigo and tinnitus, ache and pain of waist and knee, Yin deficiency and blood-heat, hematemesis(vomiting blood), haemoptysis(coughing blood), epistaxis(nose bleeding or bleeding from five aperture or subcutaneous tissue), hematuria(blood in urine), hemafecia(pass blood in stool), blood dysentery, uterine bleeding, diphtheria, stranguria with turbid discharge, morbid leukorrhea, pudendum wet and itching, traumatic bleeding, bleeding from knife wounds.

 Administration of Herba Ecliptae(Mò Hàn Lián): 
 
Reference: Administration Guide of Herba Ecliptae(Mò Hàn Lián)
TCM Books: Internally:6~12 grams. Externally:fresh herb, proper amount.(CP), Internally:water decoction,0.3~1 liang(about 9~30 grams);prepare paste, extract juice or prepare to pill, powder. Externally:mashed and apply stick, grinded into powder and sprinkle, or stuff nose.(DCTM), Internally:water decoction,9~30 grams;or prepare to paste, or extract juice, or prepare to pill, powder. Externally:proper amount, mashed and apply stick;or stuff nose, or grinded into fine powder and apply stick(CHMM).

 
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References:
  • 1.Introduction of Mo Han Lian:Eclipta, Yerbadetajo Herb or Herba Ecliptae.
  • 2.TCM Books:DCTM(Dictionary of the Chinese Traditional Medicine),CHMM(Chinese Herbal Materia Medica).

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