Introduction of Hua Rui Shi:Ophicalcite or Ophicalcitum.

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The TCM herbalism is also known as pharmaceutics of Traditional Chinese Medicine, or Chinese pharmaceutics, is the branch of health science dealing with the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of Chinese herbs. It is majorly composed of Introduction of Chinese Medicinals, Classification of Chinese Herbs, Formulas, and Patent medicines.

Classifications of Herbs:herbs regulating blood conditions,herbs hemostatics.

 TCM Herbs Icon10 Introduction: herbs regulating blood conditions,herbs hemostatics: the blood-regulating herbs are an agent or substance herbs that has the effects of regulating blood-including arresting bleeding and activating circulation-and tonifying blood.The herbs hemostatics or hemostatic herbs are an agent or substance that arrests bleeding, either internal or external.

 
Ophicalcitum(Ophicalcite).

Ophicalcitum:herb photo Pin Yin Name: Huā Ruǐ Shí.
 English Name: Ophicalcite.
 Latin Name: Ophicalcitum.
 Property and flavor: neutral, sour, puckery.

 Brief introduction: The herb Ophicalcitum is the marble containing green serpentine, used as an astringent hemostatic for treating hemoptysis and hematemesis, and externally for treating incised wounds. It is commonly known as Ophicalcitum, Ophicalcite, Huā Ruǐ Shí.

 Botanical source: Common herbal classics and other famous herbal classics defined the herb Ophicalcitum(Ophicalcite) as the marble containing green serpentine. This commonly used mineral is introduced as:

(1).Serpentine marble.


 Serpentine marble Mineral description: Serpentine marble is mainly composed of marble and serpentine formed by the mineral calcite. The crystal structure belongs to the monoclinic system. Individual crystals are lamellar and needle-like but are rare. It is often plate-shaped, scale-shaped, or micro-granular aggregates. Dispersed in calcite grains as fibrous or speckled masses. Generally green, varying in-depth, there is a white, light yellow, gray, blue-green or brown-black, fibrous, or scaly silk luster. The hardness value is 2.5~3.5, relative density is 2.5~3.6, smooth when touch.

 The mineral was formed by metamorphism of limestone. It is mainly produced in the north area, the lower reaches area of the Yangtze River, and other areas of China.

 Ophicalcite:herb photo Characters of herbs: The mineral granular and dense lumpy aggregates with irregular lumpy shapes and different sizes. The surface is rough, angular, and not sharp. White or grayish-white; To shine like a star. Among them, there is a dot or stripe pattern (serpentine), a yellowish-green, waxy luster, known as the "halo." The rocks are heavy, hard quality, after crushing, rough section; Mark with a knife. Odorless, tasteless. The herb which block is neat, sandwiched with yellow-green stripes is better.

 Medicinal efficacy: Dissolving accumulated stasis of blood, hemostasis(stanch bleeding). It is indicated for emptysis, hememesis(spitting blood), epistaxis(nose bleeding or bleeding from five aperture or subcutaneous tissue), hemafecia(pass blood in stool), uterine bleeding, stillborn foetus, anemic fainting, bleeding from trauma, detention of the afterbirth, bleeding from incised(metal-inflicted) wound, hurt and pain from falling and hurting.

 Administration of Ophicalcitum(Huā Ruǐ Shí): 
 
Reference: Administration Guide of Ophicalcitum(Huā Ruǐ Shí)
TCM Books: Internally:4.5~9 grams, grinded into powder and take. Externally:proper amount(CP), Internally:prepare to powder,1~3 qian(about 3~9 grams), Externally:grinded into fine powder, sprinkle apply(DCTM), Internally:prepare to powder,1~3 qian(about 3~9 grams), Externally:grinded into fine powder, sprinkle apply(CHMM).
 Contraindications,Precautions and Adverse Reactions:the herb Ophicalcitum should forbidden using during pregnancy.

 
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References:
  • 1.Introduction of Hua Rui Shi:Ophicalcite or Ophicalcitum.
  • 2.TCM Books:DCTM(Dictionary of the Chinese Traditional Medicine),CHMM(Chinese Herbal Materia Medica).

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