Introduction of Jiu Xiang Chong:Stink-bug or Aspongopus.
✵The article gives records of the herb Stink-bug, its English name, Latin name, property and flavor, its source one insect species, ①.Aspongopus chinensis Dallas., with a detailed introduction to the botanical features of this insect species, the growth characteristics, and ecological environment of this insect species, the features of the herb Stink-bug, its pharmacological actions, medicinal efficacy, and administration guide.
Pin Yin Name: Jiǔ Xiānɡ Chónɡ.
English Name: Stink-bug.
Latin Name: Aspongopus.
Property and flavor: warm, pungent, salty.
Brief introduction: The herb Aspongopus (Stink-bug) is the dried body of Aspongopus Chinensis Dallas (family Pentatomidae), used to (1).to regulate Qi and alleviate pain for treating epigastric distension and pain, and (2).to invigorate the kidney for treating impotence and lumbago. The herb is commonly known as Aspongopus, Stink-bug, Jiǔ Xiānɡ Chónɡ.
Insect source: Herbal classic book defined the herb Aspongopus (Stink-bug) as the dried body of the species (1).Aspongopus Chinensis Dallas. It is an insect of the Megymeum genus, the Pentatomidae family (stinkbug family) of the Hemiptera order. This commonly defined species is introduced:
(1).Aspongopus chinensis Dallas.
Description: Aspongopus chinensis Dallas., the insect is commonly known as Jiǔ Xiānɡ Chónɡ. The insect is elliptic, 1.7~2.2 cm long, 1~1.2 cm wide, the body is generally atropurpureus (purple black), with copper luster, head, chest backplate, and small shield plate is black. The head is narrow taper and slightly triangular; Compound eyes are protruding, oval (egg-shaped), grow on both sides near the base; 1 pair of ocellus (simple eye), orange; The beak is shorter, with 5 or 6 antennae, one is thick and cylindrical, the remaining 4 are slender and flat, 2 antennae are longer than other 3. The anterior part is narrow, and the posterior part is broad, the leading edge is concave, the trailing edge is slightly arched, the middle part is transverse, lateral side is prominent; Surface has dense fine carved points, with miscellaneous black wrinkles, both sides of the front have a considerable "eyebrow area", dark color, only the middle has a carved point. The small shield is big. The wings are in 2 pair, the front wing is half proala crustacea, brown-red, and the end of the wings is membranous, with very dense longitudinal veins. 3 pairs of feet, hind foot is long, tarsal has 3 segments. The ventral surface is covered with fine incisions and wrinkles. There are 2 stink holes in the anterior front of the posterior chest and abdominal plate. The 9th segment of the male insect is the reproductive segment, its end margin is an arc, and the center is especially arch protruding.
Ecological environment: Adult insects have wings and can fly. The host plants are mainly calabash plants, such as squash, wax gourd, watermelon, loofah, and watermelon. The newly hatched nymphs (larvae) mostly live on the host plant's tendrils, leaf buds, and petioles, and inhabit the yellow withered leaves with curly folds. The insect takes host plant juice as food, the adult insects dormant under the earth rocks, stone cracks, melon shed, or wall cracks in the hole in the winter. It is widely distributed in the southern area of China including the middle and lower reaches areas of the Yangtze River, the Zhujiang River area, the southwest area, and Taiwan. It is mainly produced in the southwest area, the Zhujiang River area, and other areas of China.
Growth characteristics: Adult insects have wings and can fly. They often pass winter under clods of earth, stones, and crevices, and fly out in March every year.
Characters of herbs: The herb is slightly hexagonal flat oval, 1.6~2 cm long, and about 1 cm wide. The surface is tan (chocolate brown) or brownish-black, slightly shiny. The head is small, slightly triangular with the chest, and the compound eye is protruding, oval (egg-shaped), with one pair of ocellus (simple eyes) and one pair of antennae with five segments each, most of which have fallen off. The abdomen is red brown to brownish-black, and there are small protruding spots near the edge of each segment. The texture of the herb is crisp, with light brown contents on the ventral surface after it is broken. The herb has a peculiar odor, it tastes slightly salty. The herb of better grade is uniform, tan (chocolate brown), oily, and not rotten due to moth-eaten.
Pharmacological actions: ①.antibacterial effect by in vitro experiment; ②.strong inhibitory effect on Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus typhi, Bacillus paratyphosus A and Dysenteria flexneri.
Medicinal efficacy: Regulate Qi and relieve pain, warm the middle energizer and supporting Yang, warm the kidney strengthening yang. It is indicated for stomach cold and distention pain, liver and stomach pain arising from the stagnation of Qi, distension pain in the chest and hypochondrium gastral cavity due to liver-stomach disharmony or cold stagnant in the middle energizer, kidney deficiency and impotence, waist and knee pain, lumbago due to Yang deficiency, deficiency of spleen and kidney, insufficiency of primordial Yang.
Administration of Aspongopus (Jiǔ Xiānɡ Chónɡ):
Administration Guide of Aspongopus (Jiǔ Xiānɡ Chónɡ)
①.Internally:3~9 grams; ②.Internally:water decoction, 1~2 qian (about 3~6 grams), or prepare to pill, powder; ③.Internally:water decoction, 3~9 grams, or prepared to pill, powder, 0.6~1.2 grams.
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1.Introduction of Jiu Xiang Chong:Stink-bug or Aspongopus.