Introduction of Mei Hua:Plum Flower or Flos Mume.

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The TCM herbalism is also known as pharmaceutics of Traditional Chinese Medicine, or Chinese pharmaceutics, is the branch of health science dealing with the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of Chinese herbs. It is majorly composed of Introduction of Chinese Medicinals, Classification of Chinese Herbs, Formulas, and Patent medicines.

Classifications of Herbs:Herbs regulating the flow of Qi.

 TCM Herbs Icon10 Introduction: Herbs regulating the flow of Qi: also known as Qi-regulating herbs, an agent or substance that regulates the activity of Qi to treat Qi stagnation or adverse Qi flow, also known as Qi-moving herbs.

 
Flos Mume(Plum Flower).

Flos Mume Pin Yin Name: Méi Huā.
 English Name: Plum Flower.
 Latin Name: Flos Mume.
 Property and flavor: cool,bitter,slight sweet,slight sour.

 Brief introduction: The herb Flos Mume is the dried flower-bud of Prunus mume(Sieb.) Zieb.et Zucc.(family Rosaceae), used to regulate Qi, ease the mind, and resolve phlegm for treating depression, fidgetiness, hypochondriac, and epigastric pain, and globus hystericus. The herb is commonly known as Flos Mume, Plum Flower, Méi Huā.

 Botanical source: Official herbal classics and other famous herbal classics defined the herb Flos Mume(Plum Flower) as the dried flower-bud of the species (1).Prunus mume(Sieb.) Zieb.et Zucc. It is a plant of the Armeniaca Mill. Genus, the Rosaceae family of the Rosales order. This commonly defined species is introduced as:

 Prunus mume Sieb.Zieb.et Zucc. (1).Prunus mume(Sieb.)Zieb.et Zucc.:
 Botanical description: The tree is commonly known as Méi. Plum is a small tree, sparse bush, grows up to 4~10 meters high; Bark is grayish or greenish, smooth; Branchlets are green, smooth, and glabrous. Leaf-blade is ovate or elliptic, 4~8 cm long, 2.5~5 cm wide, apex caudate apex, base broadly cuneate to rounded, margin is small serrate, grayish-green, both surfaces pubescent when young, gradually deciduous when growing, or pubescent only grows between axils of lower veins; Petiole is 1~2 cm long, hairy when young, glabrescent when old, often glandular.

 Prunus mume Sieb.Zieb.et Zucc. Flowers are solitary or sometimes 2 together in 1 bud, 2~2.5 cm in diameter, fragrant, flowering before the leaves grow out; Pedicels are short, ca. 1~3 mm long, often glabrous; The calyx is usually reddish-brown, but in some species, the calyx is green or greenish-purple; Calyx tube is broadly bell-shaped, glabrous or sometimes pubescent; Sepals are ovate or suborbicular, apex rounded obtuse; Petals are obovate, white to pink; Stamens are short or slightly longer than petals; Ovary densely pilose, style is short or slightly longer than stamens.

 Prunus mume Sieb.Zieb.et Zucc. The fruit is subglobose, 2~3 cm in diameter, yellow or green-white, pilose, sour; Paste flesh and core; Nuclear elliptic, the tip is round and have a small protrusion pointed head, the base becomes gradually narrow wedge-shaped, both sides are slightly flat, ventral rims are slightly blunt, ventral and dorsal rims have an obvious longitudinal groove, on the surface there is some honeycomb cavity. Its flowering period is winter and spring, fruiting from May to June (in north China, the fruiting period extended to July and August).

 Prunus mume Sieb.Zieb.et Zucc. Ecological environment: The tree is cultivated in many parts of China, and mostly in the south area of the Yangtze river basin.

 Characters of herbs: Dry buds are spherical, 3-6 mm in diameter, with very short pedicels. Bracts have several layers, scaly, 3.5 mm long, 2 mm wide, dark brown, shortly hairy. 5 sepals, broadly ovate, ca. 4 mm in diameter, grayish-green or brown, hairy. 5 petals or numerous, broadly ovoid, ca. 4 mm long, ca. 5.5 mm wide, yellowish-white. Stamens are numerous, 1 pistil, ovary on a sunken receptacle, the surface is densely pilose. The herb is light, smells fragrant, taste slightly bitter, astringent.

 Medicinal efficacy: Expelling stagnation and regulating the middle energizer, stimulate one's appetite and promote the secretion of saliva or body fluid, reduce phlegm, detoxification. It is indicated for depression and vexation, stomachache due to emotional depression and the hyperactive liver-Qi attacking the stomach, globus hysteriocus, scrofula(lymphoid tuberculosis), skin ulcer sores and poison, etc.

 Administration of Flos Mume(Méi Huā): 
 
Reference: Administration Guide of Flos Mume(Méi Huā)
TCM Books: Internally:3~5 grams(CP), Internally:water decoction,2~6 grams, or prepared to pill, powder. Externally:mashed fresh herb and apply stick(CHMM).

 
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References:
  • 1.Introduction of Mei Hua:Plum Flower or Flos Mume.
  • 2.TCM Books:DCTM(Dictionary of the Chinese Traditional Medicine),CHMM(Chinese Herbal Materia Medica).

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