Introduction of He Huan Pi:Silktree Albizia Bark or Cortex Albiziae.

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The article gives records of the herb Silktree Albizia Bark and Albizia Flower, its English name, Latin name, property and flavor, its botanical source one plant species, ①.Albizia julibrissin Durazz., with a detailed introduction to the botanical features of this plant species, the growth characteristics, and ecological environment of this plant species, the features of the herb Silktree Albizia Bark and Albizia Flower, its pharmacological actions, medicinal efficacy, and administration guide.

Cortex Albiziae(Silktree Albizia Bark).

Cortex Albiziae:herb photo Pin Yin Name: Hé Huān Pí.
 English Name: Silktree Albizia Bark.
 Latin Name: Cortex Albiziae.
 Property and flavor: neutral in nature, sweet.

 Brief introduction: The herb Cortex Albiziae is the dried bark of Albizia julibrissin Durazz.(family Leguminosae), used (1).as a tranquilizer for palpitations and insomnia due to anxiety, and (2).to relieve pain by activating blood circulation for treating painful traumatic swellings or boils and sores. The herb is commonly known as Cortex Albiziae, silktree albizia bark, bark of silktree albizzia, Hé Huān Pí.

 Botanical source: Herbal classic book defined the herb Cortex Albiziae as the dry bark or cortex of the plant species (1). Albizia julibrissin Durazz. It is a plant of the albizia durazz genus, the Leguminosae family of the Rosales order. This commonly used species is introduced as:

(1).Albizia julibrissin Durazz.

 Albizia julibrissin Durazz.:flowering tree Botanical description: The Albizia julibrissin Durazz., is a plant of the Fabaceae(Leguminosae) and Albizia genus, commonly known as Hé Huān, deciduous trees, it grows up to 16 meters high. Tree trunks are grayish-black; twigs, inflorescences, and leaf shafts are tomentose or pubescent.

  Stipules linear-lanceolate, smaller leaves are smaller, caducous; 2-pinnate, compound, alternate; total petiole is 3~5 cm long, total pedicel near the base and 1 inmost one pair of plumes bearing one on each gland; 4~12 pairs of pinnae, sometimes up to 20 pairs cultivated; 10~30 pairs of leaflets, linear to oblong, 6~12 mm long, 1~4 mm wide, obliquely upward, apex tipped, margined hair, sometimes pubescent below or only midrib; midrib pressed against upper margin.

 Albizia julibrissin Durazz.:flowering tree Inflorescences arranging at cones converently in large debate inflorescences; pink flowers; calyx tubular, 3 mm long; corolla 8 mm long, lobes are triangular, 1.5 mm long, calyx, corolla pubescent outside; stamens are numerous, basally connate, filaments are slender; upper ovary, style as long as filaments, stigma is cylindrical.

 Follicle banding, 9~15 cm long, 1.5~2.5 cm wide, tender and tender hairy, old hairless. Its flowering period is from June to July, fruiting from August to October.

 Ecological Environment: The Albizia julibrissin Durazz., grows on hillsides and roadsides and is often cultivated in gardens. Geographical distribution: This species mainly distributes in China throughout the Yellow River Basin to the Pearl River Valley. This species was native to the Yellow River Basin of China, and the southern part of the Americas, and now it distributes in East Asia, Central Asia, also cultivated in the American continent.

 Albizia Flower 01 Growth characteristics: The Albizia julibrissin Durazz., enjoys warm, moist, and sunny conditions. The plant is adaptable to climate and soil and should be well-drained and fertile. However, it is also resistant to infertile soil and arid climate, but it is not resistant to waterlog. The plant grows quickly, it prefers light, warmth, cold-tolerance, drought-tolerance, soil barrenness, and mild saline-alkali, it has a strong resistance to harmful gases such as sulfur dioxide and hydrogen chloride.

 Silktree Albizia Bark:herb photo Characters of herbs: The herb is in the shape of a coiled tube or semi-tube, 40~80 cm long and 1~3 mm thick. The outer surface is grayish brown to taupe, with slight longitudinal wrinkles, some shallow cracks, dense oval transverse lenticels, brown or brownish red, occasionally protruding transverse edges or larger circular branch marks, often accompanied by lichen spots; The inner surface is yellowish-brown or yellowish-white, smooth, with fine longitudinal lines. The texture of the herb is hard and brittle, easy to break, the fracture surface is fibrous flaky, yellowish-brown, or yellowish-white. The herb has a slight fragrance, it tastes mild, slight puckery, and slight tingling of the tongue, and then discomfort in the larynx.

 Pharmacological actions: ①.antifertility effect; ②.anti-allergic effect; ③.anti-tumor effect.

 Medicinal efficacy: Dispel melancholy and calm the nerves(relieve uneasiness of mind and body tranquilization), harmonize the blood, tranquilization and peace the heart, invigorate blood circulation and reduce swelling. It is indicated for have the fidgets(not feel easy in one's mind), melancholy, insomnia(lose sleep), abscess of lung, carbuncle swelling, internal and external carbuncle, sores swelling, scrofula(lymphoid tuberculosis), broken bones and muscles, traumatic injury, traumatic injury of falls, etc.

 Administration of Cortex Albiziae(Hé Huān Pí): 
Reference: Administration Guide of Cortex Albiziae(Hé Huān Pí)
TCM Books: ①.Internally:6~12 grams. Externally:proper amount, prepare to ground herb powder and apply stick; ②.Internally:water decoction,1.5~3 qian(about 4.5~9 grams), or prepare to powder. Externally:proper amount, prepare to ground herb powder and apply stick; ③.Internally:water decoction,10~15 grams, or prepared to pill, powder. Externally:proper amount, prepare to ground herb powder and apply stick.

Flos Albiziae(Albizia Flower).

Albizia flowers on tree Pin Yin Name: Hé Huān Huā.
 English Name: Albizia Flower.
 Latin Name: Flos Albiziae.
 Property and flavor: neutral, sweet.

 Brief introduction: The herb Flos Albiziae is the dried flower-head of Albizia julibrissin Durazz.(family Leguminosae), used as a tranquilizer for treating fidgetiness and insomnia. The herb is commonly known as Flos Albiziae, Albizia Flower, Hé Huān Huā.

 Albizia flowers on tree 02 ✵Common official herbal classics and other famous herbal classics defined the herb Flos Albiziae(Albizia Flower) as the dried flower-head(inflorescence), or flower, or flower bud of the plant species (1).Albizia julibrissin Durazz. It is a plant of the Albizia Durazz genus, the Leguminosae family of the Rosales order. This commonly used species was introduced in the entry "Cortex Albiziae(Silktree Albizia Bark)".

 Albizia Flower:herb photo Characters of herbs: Albizia flower: The capitulum (flower heads) shrinks into a ball. The flowers are slender and curved, 0.7~1 cm long, yellowish-brown or fawn, with short stalks. The calyx is tubular, apex 5-denticulate, sparsely pubescent; The corolla tube is about twice as long as the calyx tube, apex 5-lobed, lobes are lanceolate, sparsely pubescent; The stamens are numerous, the filaments are slender, yellow-brown or tawny, the lower part is connate, the upper part is separated and extends out of the corolla tube. The herb is light and easily broken. The herb has a slight fragrance, a mild taste.

 The Albizia flower bud: the flower bud is commonly known as Hé Huān Mǐ(literally means rice of albizia), the flower buds are granular, turquoise or yellow-green, hairy. The 1/3 of the lower part is wrapped by calyx tube.

 Pharmacological actions: Central Inhibition: Experimental study showed that Albizia Flower decoction could significantly reduce the spontaneous and passive activities of mice, and significantly synergistic with the central inhibitory effect of barbiturates.

 Medicinal efficacy: Dispel melancholy, calm the nerves(relieve uneasiness of mind and body tranquilization), regulate Qi, appetizing, activating collaterals, dispelling wind and improving eyesight, activating blood and relieving pain. It is indicated for upset and ill at ease(not feel ease in one's mind), melancholy and insomnia, Qi stagnation and oppression in chest, oppression in chest and anorexia(sense of suppression in the chest, poor appetite), insomnia, amnesia(forgettery and poor memory), acute conjunctivitis due to pathogenic wind-fire, blurred vision, pharyngalgia(sore pharynx), carbuncle swelling, lumbago(low back pain), injury and pain from falls, etc.

 Administration of Flos Albiziae(Hé Huān Huā): 
Reference: Administration Guide of Flos Albiziae(Hé Huān Huā)
TCM Books: ①.Internally:5~10 grams;②.Internally:water decoction,1~3 qian(about 3~9 grams),or prepare to pill,powder;③.Internally:water decoction,3~9 grams,or prepared to pill,powder.

herbs tranquilizers.

 Introduction: herbs tranquilizers: also known as tranquilizer or tranquilizing herbs, an agent or substance herbs that calms the mind and relieves mental tension.
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