Introduction of Suo Yang:Songaria Cynomorium Herb or Herba Cynomorii.

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The article gives records of the herb Songaria Cynomorium Herb, its English name, Latin name, property and flavor, its botanical source one plant species, ①.Cynomorium songaricum Rupr., with a detailed introduction to the botanical features of this plant species, the growth characteristics, and ecological environment of this plant species, the features of the herb Songaria Cynomorium Herb, its pharmacological actions, medicinal efficacy, and administration guide.

Herba Cynomorii(Songaria Cynomorium Herb).

Herba Cynomorii:herb photo Pin Yin Name: Suǒ Yánɡ.
 English Name: Songaria Cynomorium Herb.
 Latin Name: Herba Cynomorii.
 Property and flavor: warm nature, tastes sweet.

 Brief introduction: The herb Herba Cynomorii is the dried fleshy stem of Cynomorium songaricum Rupr., used (1).to reinforce kidney Yang for the treatment of impotence, seminal emission, and (2).as a mild laxative for chronic constipation in the aged. The herb is commonly known as Herba Cynomorii, Songaria Cynomorium Herb, Suǒ Yánɡ.

 Botanical source: Herbal classic book defined the herb Herba Cynomorii(Suo Yang) as the succulent stem(or the whole herb) of the species (1).Cynomorium songaricum Rupr. It is a plant species of the Cynomorium songaricum genus, the Cynomoriaceae family(Cynomoriaceae Endl. ex Lindl. family) of the Myrtales order. This commonly used species is introduced:

(1).Cynomorium songaricum Rupr.

 Cynomorium songaricum Rupr.:growing herb Botanical description: The Cynomorium songaricum Rupr., is a plant of the Cynomoriaceae family(Cynomoriaceae Endl. ex Lindl. family) and Cynomorium L. genus, it is commonly known as "Cynomorium songaricum", or "Songaria Cynomorium Herb", or "Suǒ Yánɡ" (literally it means to lock the Yang). Perennial succulent parasitic herb, no chlorophyll, it grows up to 10~100 cm high. The stem is cylindrical-shaped, dark purple-red, scattered health scales, the base is expanded. Inflorescence grows from the top, the rod is round, the length is 5 to 15 cm, the diameter is 2.5 to 6 cm; intensive squamous bracts and flowers, flowers are miscellaneous, dark purple, aroma, the male flower has two kinds: with a succulent perianth five, shape long egg wedge, 1 stamen, the filament is short, degradation ovary is rod; another male flower is with several linear, succulent total bracts, no perianth, 1 stamen, the filament is longer, no degradation ovary; female flower is with several linear, succulent total bracts; including an often more lenient, 1 pistil, ovary is nearly circular, top rod degradation with several stamen, style is rod; 1 stamens pistil, stamens are in the center. Miscellaneous flowers, dark purple. Nuts shape is like the ball.

 Cynomorium songaricum Rupr.:growing herb Short underground stem with the majority of sudden absorption roots, stems are cylindrical, dark purple-red, 20~100 cm high, the diameter is about 3 to 6 cm, mostly buried in the sand, the base is sturdy, with scale-like leaves. The scale-like leaf is oval, triangle-shaped oval or triangular, long 0.5 to 1 cm, width is less than 1 cm, the tip is sharp.

 Small nuts, spherical, dark-colored hard shell-like peel. It flowering from June to July. The herb grows in dry sandy areas, and more parasitic on the roots of the whitethorn.

 Cynomorium songaricum Rupr.:growing herb Collect in spring and the autumn, the herb collected in spring is better. After removing exhumed inflorescence, stored in the semi-buried semi-air state, dried top. A few areas, taking advantage of fresh slice dried.

 Ecological Environment: The Cynomorium songaricum Rupr., grows in the dry sands area or desert area. Geographical distribution: It is mainly distributed in the northwest area, Gansu, Ningxia, Qinghai, Xinjiang provinces, and other areas of China.

 Songaria Cynomorium Herb:herb photo Characters of herbs: The dried whole herb is flat cylindrical or slightly thin at one end, slightly curved, 5~15 cm or 8~21 cm long, 1.5~5 cm, or 2~5 cm in diameter. The surface is reddish-brown to dark brown, coarse and rough, wrinkled and uneven, forming thick longitudinal grooves or irregular depressions, some have triangular black-brown scales remained, and some inflorescences. The herb is heavy, the texture is firm and hard, not easy to break, the fracture surface is slightly granular, soft and moist, light brown or chocolate-brown, there are yellow triangular vascular bundles. The herb has a slight fragrance, it tastes slightly bitter and puckery, or sweet and puckery. The slice is a cross-cut or obliquely cut slice with a thickness of about 1 cm, which is often strung with a rope. The herb of better grade is big, red, firm, and solid, the fracture surface is powdery, and does not show grooves and veins.

 Pharmacological actions: ①.stimulate the hematopoietic function and obviously increase the generation rate of granulocyte progenitor cells in mice; ②.promote the formation of immunoglobulin, enhance immune function.

 Medicinal efficacy: Invigorating kidney Yang, replenishing essence and blood, relax bowel.It is indicated for kidney Yang deficiency, impotence due to deficiency of the kidney, spermatorrhea and prospermia (nocturnal emission and premature ejaculation), deficiency of essence and blood, flaccidity of waist and knees, flaccidity of legs and feet, asynodia and spermatorrhea (impotence and seminal emission), hematuria (urinating blood), physical deficiency and constipation, blood exhaustion and constipation, dryness of the intestine and constipation.

 Administration of Herba Cynomorii (Suǒ Yánɡ): 
Reference: Administration Guide of Herba Cynomorii (Suǒ Yánɡ)
TCM Books: ①.Internally:5~10 grams;②.Internally:water decoction, 1.5~3 qian (about 4.5~9 grams);or prepare to pill, powder, or prepare an ointment;③.Internally:water decoction,5~15 grams;or prepared to pill,powder.

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