✵The Yin Syndromes is a collective term for interior, cold and deficiency syndromes with inhibitory, hypofunctional, quiescent or dimmed manifestations, or inward and downward symptoms, as well as diseases caused by pathogenic factors of Yin nature. On the other aspect, the Yang Syndromes is a collective term for the exterior, heat and excess syndromes with excitatory, hyper-functional, restless or bright manifestations, or outward and upward symptoms, as well as diseases caused by pathogenic factors of Yang nature. The earliest records and discussion of Yang syndrome and Yin syndrome could be traced back to ancient works Nei Jing(the Huangdi's Internal Canon).
In the classification of the syndromes sequence from herbalist Zhāng Zhòngjǐng, the cold-induced disease are big diseases with very urgent symptoms, the Yin syndromes among them are especially severe and unfavorable priced, especially difficult to differentiate and treat, as an independent doctrine the Yin Syndrome theory was established since ancient herbalist Wáng Hǎogǔ who ever lived from the beginning year of the 13th century to the early of the 14th century, as the founder of the Yin syndrome doctrine, he inherited the discussions and explorations about Yin syndromes from previous ancient herbalists, and established it as an independent doctrine, opened the wisdom of herbalists from later generations.
✵The Endogenous three Yin syndromes of Wang Haogu were established by herbalist Wang Haogu, mainly for the complexion-pulse differentiation of three meridians which should use the warm method.
The complexion-pulse differentiation of three meridians which could use warm method.
✦The complexion-pulse differentiation of three meridians which could use the warm method is briefly introduced as:
✧In the case of endogenous hurt from a cold drink, although hurt the stomach first, but do not know the complexion and pulse are located in which meridians. In condition of complexion bluish-black, pulse floating or sinking not the same, string-like and weak, is hurt in the Jue Yin; In condition of complexion red, pulse floating or sinking not the same, fine and weak, hurt in the Shao Yin; In condition of complexion yellow and clean, pulse floating or sinking not the same, moderate and slow(retarded), hurt in the Tai Yin. (For these three conditions, the warm method should be used.)
Hurt in the Jue Yin.
✦In the condition of complexion bluish or black, or bluish-black, pulse floating or sinking and not the same, string-like and weak, is hurt in the Jue Yin, the meridian of the liver.
»In the case with chronic endogenous cold...
Hurt in the Shao Yin.
✦In the condition of complexion red or blood, or red and blood, pulse floating or sinking and not the same, fine and weak, hurt in the Shao Yin, the meridian of the kidney.
»Cases with plus or minus:case blood complexion; case pain in abdomen; case vomiting or throw up; case pharyngalgia(pain in pharynx); case diarrhea relieved but no pulse;
Prognosis: normally the prognosis is that the pulse continuous and powerful will recover, the pulse not powerful will not recover.
Hurt in the Tai Yin.
✦In the condition of complexion yellow or clean, or yellow and clean, pulse floating or sinking and not the same, moderate and slow(retarded), hurt in the Tai Yin, the meridian of the spleen.
»Case with plus or minus:case pain in abdomen.
✧Conclusion from herbalist 王好古(Wáng Hǎogǔ): better use pills for the case with constipation, better use decoction for the case with soft stool. As herbalist 仲景(Zhòngjǐng) said: "in the case strong Yin without Yang and stool is hard, should not use purgation method, if induce discharge then result in watery diarrhea with undigested food in the stool, and fullness in the abdomen." For the above three meridians, all with pulse floating or sinking and not the same, because they are all sole collapse conditions.
1.Endogenous Three Yin Syndromes of Wang Haogu.
2.Shang Han Za Bing Lun:the Treatise on Cold-induced and Miscellaneous Diseases.By 张仲景(Zhāng Zhòngjǐng).