Introduction of Chlorella:Chlorella vulgaris or chlorella pyrenoidosa.

Popular Herbs. ✵The article gives records of the herb Chlorella, its English name, Latin name, common names, property and flavor, its botanical source two algae species, ①.Chlorella vulgaris, ②.Chlorella pyrenoidosa, with a detailed introduction to the botanical features of these two algae species, the growth characteristics, and ecological environment of these two algae species, the features of the herb Chlorella, its pharmacological actions, medicinal efficacy, and administration guide.

Chlorella(Chlorella algae).

Chlorella algae English Name: Chlorella.
 Latin Name: Chlorella vulgaris, chlorella pyrenoidosa, and other chlorella species.
 Common Names: Chlorella algae
 Property and flavor: special flavor.

 Brief introduction: Chlorella is a kind of seaweed, it grows in water, this tiny seaweed is consisting of single-celled algae, and various species of chlorella are used to make dietary supplements. It must be specially processed for medical use, do not try to collect it on your own.

 Botanical source: Common herbal classics defined the herb Chlorella as the seaweed of the species (1). Chlorella vulgaris, (2). Chlorella pyrenoidosa, etc. They are plant species of the Chlorella genus, the Chlorellaceae family. The whole plant is used medicinally. These commonly used species are introduced:

(1).Chlorella vulgaris.

 Chlorella vulgaris:algae in water Botanical description: Chlorella vulgaris is a spherical algae, larger than Chlorella pyrenoidosa, with a diameter of 5-10μm, and a transparent nucleus in the protoplast. The pigment is green, deep cup-shaped, located at the bottom of the cell in the cell wall, and there is often no pollen nucleus. During reproduction, the number of immobile spores formed is 8 per algae, and the diameter of immobile spores is 0.8~2 μm(micron). Its reproductive capacity is strong but slightly inferior to Chlorella pyrenoidosa.

 Ecological environment: Chlorella vulgaris grows on objects in fresh water and underwater, sometimes on ciliates and hydrozoa.

 Chlorella vulgaris:floating chlorella in water Growth characteristics: Chlorella vulgaris grows in tropical and temperate fresh water and seawater. It can reproduce asexually by cell division and produce gametes for sexual reproduction. It is most suitable to grow when the temperature is kept at 20~23°C (Celsius, or 68~73.4 degrees Fahrenheit), the light intensity is 5000~10000 lx, the pH (pH scale:acidity-basicity) is 8, and the salinity content is 20%~30%. Set a shallow water tank of 500~1000 L (liters) in early spring, filter 3 parts of seawater and 1 part of fresh water with the smallest mesh net, fill the tank, and add 300 grams of ammonium sulfate and 50 grams of calcium superphosphate to every 1000 kg of water to prepare a culture solution, add Chlorella species, and Chlorella can reproduce and grow after one month.

(2).Chlorella pyrenoidosa.

 Botanical description: Chlorella pyrenoidosa is a spherical unicellular organism. The cell body is round, 3~5 μm(micron) in diameter. The cell wall is transparent. The protoplast in the cell has a nucleus and a chalkiness chloroplast or pigment body. During reproduction, the material in the cell is divided into several small pieces, and the small pieces become round, with a diameter of 0.3~0.7 μm(micron). After the mother cell wall breaks, the larvae are scattered.

 Ecological environment: Chlorella pyrenoidosa grows in fresh water.

 Characters of herbs: The whole algae is used medicinally. It must be specially processed for medical use, do not try to collect it on your own.

 Pharmacological actions: ①.source of chlorophyll; ②.prevention of ultraviolet radiation; ③.source of vitamin B; ④.prevention of hypoferric anemia; ⑤.anti-tumor; etc.

 Related studies of the herb mainly focused on it as a nutritious source of chlorophyll, chlorophyll is a pigment responsible for collecting energy from sunlight and turning plants green, inhibiting bacteria and other infectious organisms, eliminating odors, accelerate cleansing of the bloodstream; Except vitamin B2 and B6, the herb was found rich in Nicotinamide, thiamine, folic acid, inositol, and pantothenic acid, etc. Chlorella is one of the seaweeds that supply adequate amounts of vitamin B when consumed in sufficient amounts. It was found to have a protective effect against ultraviolet radiation, it has some treatment effects for hypoferric anemia or iron-deficiency anemia (anemia that develops due to a lack of the mineral iron, the main function of which is in the formation of hemoglobin, the blood pigment that carries oxygen from the blood to the tissues.). Chlorella has antitumor properties and immune-enhancing actions, virus-fighting activity in animal studies. Chlorophyll has antibiotic effects.

 Medicinal efficacy: The herb chlorella is mainly used as a nutritious source of chlorophyll, for various diseases because of chlorophyll, to inhibit bacteria and other infectious organisms, to eliminate odors, cleansing of the bloodstream, as a green food supplement, and as a valuable source of vitamin B, against ultraviolet radiation, etc.

 Administration of Chlorella (Chlorella algae): 
Reference: Administration Guide of Chlorella (Chlorella algae)
Herbal classic books: Normally 2 to 3 capsules of 400 mg size are advised taken three times a day.
 Contraindications, Precautions and Adverse Reactions: The major risk associated with the use of chlorella is an allergic reaction, other reactions are severe and even involve anaphylaxis, and sun sensitivity in the sun-exposed areas of individuals who had taken chlorella, pheophorbide is identified as the photosensitizing component. Due to its components that specifically bind to IgE antibodies (Immunoglobulin E antibodies) in the human body, so chlorella is potentially an allergic substance.

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