Introduction of Goldenrod:Woundwort, Solidago virgaurea or Solidago canadensis.

Popular Herbs. ✵The article gives records of the herb Goldenrod, its English name, Latin name, common names, property and flavor, its botanical source two plant species, ①.Solidago virgaurea L., ②.Solidago canadensis L., with a detailed introduction to the botanical features of these two plant species, the growth characteristics, and ecological environment of these two plant species, the features of the herb Goldenrod, its pharmacological actions, medicinal efficacy, and administration guide.

Goldenrod(Woundwort).

Solidago virgaurea flowering plant English Name: Goldenrod.
 Latin Name: Various Solidago species, including Solidago virgaurea L(European), Solidago canadensis L.,etc.
 Common Names: Woundwort.
 Property and flavor: neutral in nature, tastes pungent and bitter.

 Brief introduction: Goldenrod is a Compositae family member found in many parts of the world, including North America and Europe, its mustard-yellow flowers bloom in late summer.

 Botanical source: Common herbal classics defined the herb Goldenrod as the herb of the species (1).Solidago virgaurea L.,(2).Solidago canadensis L., etc. They are plant species of the Solidago genus, the Asteraceae family (Compositae, daisy family). The above-ground parts are used medicinally. These commonly used species are introduced:

(1).Solidago virgaurea L.


 a flowering plant of Solidago virgaurea with many small yellow flowers grow in stone field Botanical description: Solidago virgaurea is a perennial herb, it grows up to 1 meter tall. The lower stem leaves are oval or oblong, 1~5.5 cm long and 0.5~2.5 cm wide, and the petiole has wings; The middle stem leaves are ovate, oblong, or broadly lanceolate. The flower heads are arranged in racemes; the tongue piece is yellow, and the corolla is tubular, yellow. Achenes are pubescent. Its flowering period is from July to August and fruiting from September to October.

 Ecological environment: Solidago virgaurea grows under forests, shrubs, meadows, or glades.

(2).Solidago canadensis L.


 flowering plants of Solidago canadensis with yellow flower spikes grow in woods Botanical description: Solidago canadensis is a perennial herb with long rhizomes. Stems are upright, it grows up to 2.5 meters. Leaves are lanceolate or linear-lanceolate, 5~12 cm long. The flower heads are tiny, 4~6 mm long, and are single-sided on the inflorescence branches. Most curved inflorescence branches and single-sided flower heads form spreading panicles. Involucral bracts are linear-lanceolate, 3~4 mm long. Marginal ligulate flowers are short.

 Ecological environment: Solidago canadensis is native to North America, it is cultivated in parks and botanical gardens.

 Pharmacological actions:  ①.stimulate urination; ②.anti-inflammatory and antispasmodic properties; ③.astringent; ④.stimulate immune system; etc.

 Goldenrod stimulates the elimination of urination by directly affecting kidney function, it is an effective diuretic, helps reduce inflammation in the kidneys and lower urinary tract, prevents and eliminates kidney and urinary stones, and encourages the elimination of urinary tract infections. The herb has anti-inflammatory and mildly antispasmodic properties, the herb is rich in astringent tannins, helps control inflammation in the mouth and throat, as well as encourages wound healing. Goldenrod stimulates the immune system, fights certain tumors and fungi including Candida fungus responsible for most oral thrush and yeast infections, kills sperm, induces sedation, etc.

 Medicinal efficacy: Traditionally, Goldenrod has been used as a diuretic for urinary tract inflammation and other disorders, to expel kidney and bladder stones, and used as a douche or mouthwash to treat wounds, combat yeast infections, and eczema. It was used by Native Americans for the same disorders, to stimulate digestion and treat colic, diarrhea, and measles. It is also used in diuretic, laxative, and rheumatism remedies.

 Administration of Goldenrod (Woundwort): 
 
Reference: Administration Guide of Goldenrod (Woundwort)
Herbal classic books: A common daily dosage is 6~15 grams. An infusion is made using 3~5 grams of the herb in 240 ml water and is drunk several times per day.
 Contraindications, Precautions and Adverse Reactions: Goldenrod appears to be safe for most people to use, anyone who has a chronic kidney disorder, a urinary tract infection, or another ailment necessitating a diuretic should be seen by a doctor before using this or any other herb with diuretic properties. Avoid the herb if you have ever had an allergic reaction to other members of the daisy family, such as ragweed.

 

 
  

 

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References:
  • 1.Introduction of Goldenrod:Woundwort, Solidago virgaurea or Solidago canadensis.

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