Introduction of Goldenseal:Ground raspberry or Jaundice root.

Popular Herbs. ✵The article gives records of the herb Goldenseal, its English name, Latin name, common names, property and flavor, its botanical source one plant species, ①.Hydrastis canadensis L., with a detailed introduction to the botanical features of this plant species, the growth characteristics, and ecological environment of this plant species, the features of the herb Goldenseal, its pharmacological actions, medicinal efficacy, and administration guide.

Goldenseal(Ground raspberry).

Hydrastis canadensis:flowering plant English Name: Goldenseal.
 Latin Name: Hydrastis canadensis L.
 Common Names: Eye balm, Eye root, Ground raspberry, Jaundice root, Orange root, Wild Curcuma, Warnera, Yellow puccon, Yellowroot, etc.
 Property and flavor: The taste is very bitter, the smell is strong.

 Brief introduction: Hydrastis canadensis is a stout perennial that grows deep in moist, rich woods along the East Coast of North America. The dried rhizomes and roots are used medicinally.

 Botanical source: Common herbal classics defined the herb Goldenseal as the rhizome and root of the species (1).Hydrastis canadensis L. It is a plant species of the Hydrastis genus, the Ranunculaceae family (buttercup, ranunculus family). The dried fruit and essential oil from the ripe fruit are used medicinally. This commonly used species is introduced:

(1).Hydrastis canadensis L.

 Botanical description: Hydrastis canadensis is a herbaceous perennial plant, it grows about 30 cm high. It has a horizontal bright yellow, knotty, twisted rhizome about 0.6~1.8 cm thick out of which the root fibers grow. It is folded longitudinally and encircled by old leaf scars. The fracture is short and shows a dark, yellow surface, thick bark, large pith, and broad medullary rays. The flowering stem appears in spring and is erect, cylindrical, downward pubescent, 15~30 cm tall, and has a few short brown scales at the base. It bears 2 clearly ribbed, dark green, pubescent, cauline leaves. The lower leaf is sessile, the upper one petiolate, round and divided into 7 lobes and finely serrate. There is also a root on a long petiole, which is similar to the cauline leaves but larger.

 The flower is small, solitary, terminal, and upright. It has 3 small greenish-white petals that drop as soon as they emerge. The fruit is a group of small, fleshy, oblong carmine berries with 1 or 2 hard, black, glossy seeds. The fruit is similar to the raspberry, but is not edible. Its flowering period is from April to May, fruiting from June to August.

 Ecological environment: Hydrastis canadensis is native to USA (the United States of America) and eastern of North America, it is also cultivated elsewhere.

 Growth characteristics: The plant grows in nutrient-rich forests, with circumneutral soils, over calcareous or mafic rocks such as limestone, amphibolite, and dolostone, sometimes forming large colonies after canopy disturbance such as logging. This plant attracts birds, bees, flies, and squirrels.

 Pharmacological actions: ①.mild antiseptic properties; ②.constricts peripheral blood vessels; ③.inhibit bacteria; ④.aid digestion; ⑤.reduce stomach inflammation; ⑥.inhibit tumor; ⑦.lower blood sugar levels; etc.

 Goldenseal contains two important alkaloid components, hydrastine and berberine, these components have astringent and mild antiseptic properties, so it is valuable in the form of mouthwash for soothing and healing canker sores and other minor mouth ailments. Hydrastine constricts peripheral blood vessels and helps stop bleeding, berberine in goldenseal calms spasms in the uterus, and it also stimulates uterine contractions. Berberine in goldenseal relieves infectious stomach upset by fighting numerous bacteria, including organisms that can cause diarrhea such as Escherichia coli, Shigella dysenteriae, and cholera bacteria. Berberine has stomach-soothing properties, stimulate the secretion of bile in humans, also aids the digestion of fats. Goldenseal also reduces stomach inflammation, and restore digestive function in alcoholics. Hydrastine and berberine have tumor-fighting properties, the herb also causes a drop in blood sugar levels.

 Medicinal efficacy: Goldenseal was used by Native Americans as a source of brilliant yellow dye, to soothe stomach upset, to wash the eyes and treat eye ailments, alleviate cough-related congestion, as a diuretic, and skin conditions such as eczema, psoriasis, ulcers, boils, burn-related scars, and acne. It was used as an antiseptic and astringent. Today the herb is used as an antiseptic, tonic, anti-inflammatory, and astringent, to prevent infection in wounds, soothe chapped lips, irritated gums, canker sores, skin ailments such as eczema, acne, dandruff, fungal infections, its mouthwash is used to prevent gum disease, for genital infections, menstrual disorders, and postpartum bleeding, indigestion and constipation, cold and flu symptoms, muscular and rheumatic pain, liver disease, sciatica pain, etc. Its component hydrastine is used in eyewashes, as a local anti-inflammatory, antacid, and bitter tonic for improved digestion. It is used in homeopathy for asthma, alcoholism, indigestion, and constipation.

 Administration of Goldenseal (Ground raspberry): 
Reference: Administration Guide of Goldenseal (Ground raspberry)
Herbal classic books: Dosage: The dried root is taken in dosages of 500 mg a day, or 1 dropperful of tincture two to three times a day. An infusion is made with half to 1 teaspoon powdered root per cup of water. The herb should be stored at room temperature, avoid moisture, high temperatures, and direct light.
 Contraindications, Precautions and Adverse Reactions: The FDA placed the herb on its formerly maintained list of "Herbs of Undefined Safety". Small, typically recommended amounts are probably safe for most individuals. Large doses can be toxic and cause irritation of the mouth and throat, nausea, and other symptoms. Topical formulations may cause ulcerations, which can be severe in some cases. Pregnant women should not take goldenseal because it is not clear how it affects the uterus, should not be used during pregnancy, and in women with a history of miscarriage, should not be used while breastfeeding. Individuals with high blood pressure, diabetes, glaucoma, a history of stroke, or heart disease should also avoid the herb.

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