Introduction of Linden flower:lime tree flower or linn flowers.

Popular Herbs. ✵The article gives records of the herb Linden flower, its English name, Latin name, common names, property and flavor, its botanical source two plant species, ①.Tilia cordata., ②.Tilia platyphyllos., with a detailed introduction to the botanical features of these two plant species, the growth characteristics, and ecological environment of these two plant species, the features of the herb Linden flower, its pharmacological actions, medicinal efficacy, and administration guide.

Linden flower(Linn flowers).

plants of Tilia cordata Mill grow in sunny field English Name: Linden flower.
 Latin Name: Tilia species, for medicinal purposes especially Tilia cordata Mill. and T.platyphyllos Scop.
 Common Names: Basswood, European linden, lime tree flower, Linn flowers.
 Property and flavor: The flowers have a strong, sweet fragrance and the fruit tastes slightly sweet, slimy, and dry.

 Brief introduction: The yellowish-white flowers of the shade-giving Tilia species are picked in late spring and quickly dried to retain their honeylike scent and medicinal properties. The tree, which can grow close to an imposing one hundred feet high and boasts numerous drooping clusters of these flowers, is native to Europe and now grows in North America. The flowers make excellent honey; an aromatic, pleasant-tasting drinking tea, and a medicinal tea.

 Botanical source: Common herbal classics defined the herb Linden flower as the flower of the species (1).Tilia cordata or (2).Tilia platyphyllos. It is a plant species of the Tilia Linn genus, the Tiliaceae family. The dried flowers are used medicinally. This commonly used species is introduced:

(1).Tilia cordata.

 trees of Tilia cordata Mill with many green leaves grow in sunny woods Botanical description: Linden is an impressive tree up to 25 meters high with a large, closed crown. The bark is fissured, gray-brown, or black-gray. The bark of the branches is smooth. The branchlets are olive-green, brown, or brown-red with white warts. The leaves are long-petioled, uneven at the base, and broadly cordate. They have a dark upper surface and are bluish-green beneath, with rust-colored tufts down in the vein axils.

 The yellowish-white flowers are arranged in clusters of 5 to 11. The calyx has 5 sepals, oblong or ovate-lanceolate, acute and deep. The 5 petals are spatulate-lanceolate with crenate tips. There are numerous stamens and 1 superior ovary, which is almost globular and has silky-haired villi. The fruit is a single-seeded, pear-shaped, indistinctly angular, thin-shelled unit. There is a tongue-shaped, parch-ment like, greenish or yellowish-white bract at the base of the flowers.

 Ecological environment: The plant is common in northern temperate regions, it is native to Europe, Western Siberia, and Iran. Tilia cordata is also known as little-Leaf Linden, Littleleaf Linden, Small Leaf Lime Tree, or Small-Leaved Lime.

 Growth characteristics: Tilia cordata is easily grown in average, medium, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. The plant prefers moist, fertile, well-drained loams, but adapts to a wide range of soil conditions. Good tolerance for urban conditions. Tolerant of heavy pruning, and may be grown as a hedge. Propagation is mostly done by grafting stem cuttings onto rootstock.

 The flowers are rich in nectar and attract hummingbirds, bees, and butterflies. The tree's softwood creates nesting sites for cavity-dwelling birds.

(2).Tilia platyphyllos.

 Botanical description: Tilia platyphyllos is also known as Bigleaf Linden, Broad-leaved Lime, Largeleaf Linden, Large Leaved Lime, and Large Leaved Linden. Tilia platyphyllos is a large ornamental deciduous broadleaf tree that is a member of the Malvaceae family (hibiscus family, mallow family). It is known for its big piliferous stems and leaves. The genus name, tilia, is Latin for Linden or Lime Tree. It is derived from the Greek word ptelea or "Elm tree" and tillai or "Black Poplar." The translation means "broad" or perhaps "broadleaved." The species name, platyphyllos, is the combination of two Greek words. Playts means "broad," and phyllon means "leaf." Bigleaf linden is one of the parents of the hybrid, Tilia x europea, which is used frequently as a street tree.

 The tree typically grows 18 to 24 meters tall and 9~15 meters wide, with a dense pyramidal form. The leaves are green, cordate, piliferous, serrated, and up to 12 cm long. The undersides of the leaves are a lighter green, and the veins have tufts of white hair. The fall foliage is yellow. The fragrant flowers are pale yellow and form cymes about 7~10 cm long. The fruit is a gray nutlet. The stems are usually reddish-brown and piliferous.

 Ecological environment: Tilia platyphyllos is native to central, Southern Europe, and southwestern Asia. The tree has a smaller range than the small leaf linden and is found in lowlands and lower hills.

 Growth characteristics: Tilia platyphyllos is planted in full sun to partial shade in alkaline, loamy, well-drained soils. It has a good drought and salt spray tolerance. It is also very tolerant of heavy pruning and may be grown as a hedge. There is very limited information about the propagation of this species. Reportedly, young shoots may be transplanted. Propagation by seeds may be challenging.

 Characters of herbs: Linden flower is the dried flower of Tilia cordata or Tilia platyphyllos, silver liden flower is the dried flower of Tilia tomentosa, and liden leaf is the dried leaf of Tilia cordata or Tilia platyphyllos.

 Pharmacological actions: ①.inducing sweating; ②.soothe cough-related throat irritation; ③.resistance to infection and antimicrobial; ④.anxiety-relieving effect;etc.

 Linden flower tea can make a person start to sweat, flavorful tea from a Tilia species contains a high concentration of tannins.

 Linden flower tea could soothe cough-related throat irritation.

 Linden flower may enhance resistance to certain kinds of infection, it fights the bacteria associated with mouth infections, linden flower is recommended for children with flu-like symptoms.

 Linden flower has anxiety-relieving property, studied identified the flowers of Tilia tomentosa contains a component that has an anxiety-relieving effect on mice.

 Medicinal efficacy: Linden flower tea was used to promote sweating in medieval Europe, and for feverish colds, flu, and other conditions associated with chilling, to alleviate congestion-associated cough and throat irritation. It is also used as a folk remedy for broad-ranging ailments such as headache, diarrhea, and indigestion. Linden flower is used in South America to treat nervousness and other conditions believed to benefit from a sedative or tranquilizer. In Europe, the herb is approved for cough and bronchitis, in folk medicine, the flowers are used for catarrh of the respiratory tract and as a diaphoretic for feverish colds and infectious diseases, where a sweating cure is needed. It is occasionally used as a diuretic, a stomachic, an antispasmodic, and a sedative.

 Administration of Linden flower (Linn flowers): 
Reference: Administration Guide of Linden flower (Linn flowers)
Herbal classic books: Dosage: An infusion is prepared using 1 to 2 teaspoons, 2 to 4 grams of flowers, and is drunk once or twice per day. The liquid flower extract is taken in doses of 2 to 4 ml. A tea is prepared with 2 grams of herb with boiling water, or add the herb to cold water and boil briefly, steep for 5 to 10 minutes, and strain. The recommended daily dosage is 2 to 4 grams of herb.
 Contraindications, Precautions and Adverse Reactions: On the basis of centuries of use, the herb appears to be safe to use in moderation. If drunk excessively, the herb may cause heart damage. For this reason, people with heart problems may want to avoid drinking linden tea.




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  • 1.Introduction of Linden flower:lime tree flower or linn flowers.

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