Introduction of Tu Fu Ling:Glabrous Greenbrier Rhizome or Rhizoma Smilacis Glabrae.

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The TCM herbalism is also known as pharmaceutics of Traditional Chinese Medicine, or Chinese pharmaceutics, is the branch of health science dealing with the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of Chinese herbs. It is majorly composed of Introduction of Chinese Medicinals, Classification of Chinese Herbs, Formulas, and Patent medicines.

Classifications of Herbs:Herbs Clearing Heat and Drying Dampness.

 TCM Herbs Icon05 Introduction: Herbs Clearing Heat and Drying Dampness: an agent or substance bitter in taste and cold in property that is effective for eliminating heat and dampness, usually used in the treatment of diseases caused by damp-heat, such as acute jaundice, acute dysentery, urinary infection, eczema, boils and abscesses.

 
Rhizoma Smilacis Glabrae(Glabrous Greenbrier Rhizome).

Rhizoma Smilacis Glabrae Pin Yin Name: Tǔ Fú Línɡ.
 English Name: Glabrous Greenbrier Rhizome.
 Latin Name: Rhizoma Smilacis Glabrae.
 Property and flavor: plain, sweet, tasteless.

 Brief introduction: The Herb Rhizoma Smilacis Glabrae is the dried rhizome of Smilax glabra roxb.(family Libiaceae), used to counteract toxins and eliminate dampness for the treatment of syphilis, morbid leukorrhea, and heat stranguria. The herb is commonly known as Rhizoma Smilacis Glabrae, Glabrous Greenbrier Rhizome, Tǔ Fú Línɡ.

 Botanical source: Common herbal classics and official herbal classics defined the herb Rhizoma Smilacis Glabrae(Glabrous Greenbrier Rhizome) as the dried rhizome of (1). Smilax glabra roxb., or (2). Smilax lanceaefolia Roxb.var.opaca A.DC. They are plants of the Smilax L. Genus, Liliaceae family, Liliflorae order. This 2 commonly used species are introduced as:

 Smilax glabra roxb. (1).Smilax glabra roxb.:
 Botanical description: It is commonly known as Glabrous Greenbrier, or Tǔ Fú Línɡ. The climbing irrigation was long, 1~4 mm long. Stem smooth, spiny. Rhizomes thick, massive, often connected by stolons, 2~5 cm thick. Leaves alternate; Petiole 5~15~20 mm long, about 3/5~1/4 of the length, with a narrow sheath, often with 2 slender tendrils, exfoliating point near tip; Leaf blade thinly leathery, narrowly elliptic-lanceolate to narrowly ovate-lanceolate, 6~12~15 cm long, 1~4~7 cm wide, apex acuminate, base rounded or obtuse, usually pale green below. Inflorescences umbels solitary in leaf axils, usually with more than 10 flowers; Male inflorescence the total pedicel is 2~5 mm long, usually significantly shorter than petiole, rarely as long as petiole, 1 bud between the total pedicel and petiole. Inflorescence receptacle is swollen, somewhat rosette with most persistent bracteoles, 2~5 mm wide, flowered greenish-white, 6-ribbed, ca. 3 mm in diameter; Outer perianth slice of male flower is nearly oblate, about 2 mm wide, pocket shape, abaxially central with longitudinal groove, inner perianth slice is nearly round, about 1 mm wide, margin has irregular tooth; Male flowers close, with inner tepals nearly equal length, filaments very short; The total peduncle of the female inflorescence is about 1 cm long. The female flower looks like the male flower, but the inner tepals are toothless, with 3 stamens. Berries 6~8 mm in diameter, black when ripe, powdered. Its flowering period is from May to November, fruiting period is from November to April.

 Smilax glabra roxb.Ecological environment: The plant grows in forests, shrubs, riverbanks, or valleys at an elevation below 1,800 meters above sea level. It also grows in forest margins and sparse forests. It distributes in the south of Gansu, the Yangtze river basin south, Hainan, Taiwan, Yunnan, and other areas of China.

 Growth characteristics: The plant Smilax glabra prefers a warm and humid climate, drought and shade tolerance. It can be grown in either sandy or clayey loam.

 Smilax glabra roxb. Characters of herbs: Rhizome subcylindric, or irregularly striate, tuberculate, with short branches; Length 5~22 cm, diameter 2~5 cm. The surface is yellowish-brown, uneven, with a hard fibrous root remnant at the tip of the protuberant tip, round bud marks at the tip of the branch, sometimes irregular cracks on the outside, and residual scaly leaves. It is hard and hard to break. The cut surface is white to reddish-brown, powdery, with vascular bundle points in the middle, and small spots like gravel (still exist after boiling). Quality slightly tough, broken when the dust came out, wet with water stick-slip feeling. Light smell, taste light, astringent. The herb which cross-section light brown, sufficient powder content is better.

 Pharmacological actions: The Rhizoma Smilacis Glabrae contains rich saponin, tannin, resin, it has an antipyretic effect to fever due to all sorts of reasons, can increase the excretion of chloride in urine, reduce the uric acid concentration in blood. It has an inhibition effect on Staphylococcus aureus, hemolytic streptococcus, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Bacillus dysenteriae, and so on. It has diuretic, analgesic, anti-tumor, anti-gossypol toxicity effect, and so on.

 Medicinal efficacy: Clear dampness, clear heat and eliminate dampness, detoxification, discharge turbid and detoxification, benefit joint. It is indicated for stranguria with a turbid discharge of dampness and heat, morbid leukorrhea, diarrhea, carbuncles, scrofula, scabies, syphilis, limb twitches and spasm of syphilis and mercury poisoning, galls and mercury poisoning, arthralgia and myalgia, beriberi, malignant boil, carbuncle swelling, sores and tinea, scrofula.

 Administration of Rhizoma Smilacis Glabrae(Tǔ Fú Línɡ): 
 
Reference: Administration Guide of Rhizoma Smilacis Glabrae(Tǔ Fú Línɡ)
TCM Books: Internally:15~60 grams(CP),Internally:water decoction, 0.5~1 liang(about 15~30 grams),Externally:grinded into powder and apply stick(DCTM),Internally:water decoction, 10~60 grams.Externally:proper amount, grinded into powder and apply stick(CHMM).


 Smilax lanceaefolia Roxb.var.opaca A.DC. (2).Smilax lanceaefolia Roxb.var.opaca A.DC.:
 Botanical description: It is commonly known as An Se Ba Qi. Leaves usually leathery, shiny surface; Pedicels generally longer than petiole, slightly shorter; Anthers nearly circular; Berries are black when ripe. Its flowering period is from September to November, fruiting the following November.

 Smilax lanceaefolia Roxb.var.opaca A.DC.Ecological environment: The plant grows in woods or shade of slopes, at the area with an altitude of 600~2,000 meters above sea level, a few in western Yunnan grow in the area along canyons at altitude up to 2,800 meters. Distribution range: The plant distributes to Yunnan, Guizhou, Sichuan, Hubei, and Guangxi of China. It also distributes in Sikkim, Bhutan, Myanmar, Laos, and Thailand.
 
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References:
  • 1.Introduction of Tu Fu Ling:Glabrous Greenbrier Rhizome or Rhizoma Smilacis Glabrae.
  • 2.TCM Books:DCTM(Dictionary of the Chinese Traditional Medicine),CHMM(Chinese Herbal Materia Medica).

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