Introduction of Xi He Liu:Cacumen Tamaricis or Chinese Tamarisk Twig.

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The article gives records of the herb Chinese Tamarisk Twig, its English name, Latin name, property and flavor, its botanical source one plant species, ①.Tamarix chinensis Lour., with a detailed introduction to the botanical features of this plant, the growth characteristics, and ecological environment of this plant, the features of the herb Chinese Tamarisk Twig, its pharmacological actions, medicinal efficacy, and administration guide.

Cacumen Tamaricis(Chinese Tamarisk Twig).

Chinese Tamarisk Twig:herb photo Pin Yin Name: Xī Hé Liǔ.
 English Name: Chinese Tamarisk Twig.
 Latin Name: Cacumen Tamaricis.
 Property and flavor: neutral in nature, pungent, sweet.

 Brief introduction: The herb Cacumen Tamaricis is the dried young green twig of Tamarix chinensis Lour.(family Tamaricaceae), used for measles to promote eruption, and also for rheumatism to relieve arthralgia. The herb is commonly known as Cacumen Tamaricis, Chinese Tamarisk Twig, Xī Hé Liǔ.

 Botanical source: The herb Cacumen Tamaricis(Chinese Tamarisk Twig) is the dried young green twig and leaves of Tamarix chinensis Lour., it is a plant of the Tamarix L. genus, the Tamaricaceae family of the Parietales order. It is also known as Chinese Tamarisk Twig.

 Tamarix chinensis Lour.:tree Common official herbal classics and other famous herbal classics defined the herb Cacumen Tamaricis(Chinese Tamarisk Twig) as the dried young green twig and leaves of:(1). Tamarix chinensis Lour. This commonly used species is introduced as:

(1).Tamarix chinensis Lour.


 Botanical description: It is also known as Tamarisk willow, Xī Hé Liǔ(literally it means West River Willow). Deciduous shrubs or small trees. Branches are dense, green or reddish, slender, often pendulous. Leaves are alternate, minute, scaly, ovate-triangular, apex acuminate, base sheathed clasped, sessile. Racemes are evacuated panicles; Flowers are small, white to pink, bracts triangular; 5 sepals, 5 petals, filaments are longer than corolla, disk 10 or 5 lobed; Ovary superior, 1-locule, 3 styles. Capsule is small. Seed apex tufted. Its flowering period is from April to September, fruiting period is from August to October.

 Tamarix chinensis Lour.:flowering branches Growth characteristics: The tree grows in hilly, humid, sandy, and alkaline lands and riverbank alluvial lands. The herb is mainly produced in Hebei and Henan province, and most parts of China.

 Characters of herbs: The stems and branches of the herb are thin cylindrical with a diameter of 0.5 ~ 1.5 mm. The surface is gray-green, with many alternate scaly leaflets. The texture of the herb is crisp and easily broken. The surface of slightly thick branches is reddish brown, the leaves often fall off and the protruding leaf base remains, the fracture surface(the cross-section) is yellowish white, and there is pith at the center part. The herb has slight smell, tastes mild or tasteless.

 Medicinal efficacy: Dispel wind, detoxification, promoting eruption, indicated for measles without adequate eruption, rheumatism, and numbness pain.

 Administration of Cacumen Tamaricis(Xī Hé Liǔ): 
 
Reference: Administration Guide of Cacumen Tamaricis(Xī Hé Liǔ)
TCM Books: ①.Internally:3~6 grams,water decoction.Externally:proper amount, scrub and wash with water decoction.

 
Pungent-cool Exterior-releasing Herbs.

 Introduction: Pungent-cool exterior-releasing herbs: an agent or substance herbs pungent in flavor and cool in property, which is usually used for treating a wind-heat exterior syndrome.
 
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References:
  • 1.Introduction of Xi He Liu:Cacumen Tamaricis or Chinese Tamarisk Twig.

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