Introduction of Huai Hua:Pagodatree Flower or Flos Sophorae.
✵The article gives records of the herb Pagodatree Flower, its English name, Latin name, property and flavor, its botanical source one plant species, ①.Sophora japonica L., with a detailed introduction to the botanical features of this plant species, the growth characteristics, and ecological environment of this plant species, the features of the herb Pagodatree Flower, its pharmacological actions, medicinal efficacy, and administration guide.
Flos Sophorae(Pagodatree Flower).
Pin Yin Name: Huái Huā.
English Name: Pagodatree Flower.
Latin Name: Flos Sophorae.
Property and flavor: slightly cold, bitter.
Brief introduction: The herb Flos Sophorae is the dried flower of Sophora japonica L., used (1).to cool blood and stop bleeding in various cases of hemorrhages due to blood heat, particularly hemorrhoidal bleeding, and (2).to clear liver fire for up-flaming of liver fire with headache and also for hypertension. The herb is commonly known as Flos Sophorae, Pagodatree Flower, Huái Huā.
Botanical source: Common herbal classics and other famous herbal classics defined the herb Flos Sophorae(Pagodatree Flower) as the dried flower of the species (1). Sophora japonica L. It is a plant of the Sophora genus, the Fabaceae family (Leguminosae, legume, pea family) of the Rosales order. This commonly used species is introduced:
(1).Sophora japonica L.
Botanical description: The tree is commonly known as Huái. Trees, the tree grows up to 25 meters high; The bark is grayish brown, with longitudinal cracks. Annual branches are green, glabrous. Pinnately compound leaves are 25 cm long; The leaf axis is at first sparsely pilose, immediately depurses; Petiole base is enlarged, enveloping buds; Stipules are variously shaped, sometimes ovate, foliate, sometimes linear or subulate, caducous; 4~7 pairs of leaflets, opposite or subalternate, papery, ovate-lanceolate or ovate-oblong, 2.5~6 cm long, 1.5~3 cm wide, apex is acuminate, with a small tip, base is broadly cuneate or subrounded, slightly oblique, initially sparsely pubescent, turning glabrous; 2 small stipules, subulate.
Panicles are terminal, often pyramidal, 30 cm long; Pedicels are shorter than calyx; 2 bracteoles, resembling lesser stipules; Calyx is shallow campanulate, ca. 4 mm long, 5 calyx teeth, subequal, rounded or obtuse triangular, grayish pubescent, calyx tube is subglabrous; Corolla is white or pale yellow, flag is nearly round, long and wide, ca. 11 mm, with a short stalk, purple-veined, apex emarginate, base is shallow cordate, wing is ovoid oblong, 10 mm long, 4 mm wide, apex is rounded, base is oblique halliform, without folds, keel flap is broadly ovoid oblong, as long as the wing, up to 6 mm wide; Stamens are subdetached, persistent; Ovary is subglabrous.
Pods are beaded, 2.5~5 cm long or slightly longer, ca. 10 mm in diameter, the inconspicuous constriction between seeds, closely arranged seeds, fleshy pericarp, not dehiscent when mature, 1~6 seeds. Seeds are ovoid, yellowish-green, dark brown after drying. Its flowering period is from June to July, the fruiting period is from August to October.
Ecological Environment: The tree grows on hillsides, plains, or in gardens. It is distributed in most areas of China, majorly produces in the north area, the lower reaches area of the Yangtze River, the Zhujiang river area, and other areas.
Growth characteristics: The tree Sophora japonica has strong adaptability to climate and can be cultivated in the field with a deep soil layer, especially in the sandy loam with moist, deep, fertile, and good drainage. But it can also grow normally in calcareous and mildly saline-alkali soil.
Characters of herbs: The herb pagodatree flower is mostly shriveled and curled, and many scattered petals. The complete calyx is campanulate, yellow-green, apex is 5-lobed; 5 petals, yellow or yellowish-white, 1 large, nearly round, slightly concave at the apex, and the remaining 4 are oblong; 10 stamens, of which 9 bases are united and filaments are slender; the pistil is cylindrical, curved. The herb of better grade is large, compact, yellow-green, with sessile leaves.
Pharmacological actions: ①.shorten the clotting time; ②.component rutin and quercetin can reduce capillary permeability, enhance the resistance of capillary, but also can expand coronary artery, enhance myocardial contractive power, slow down the heart rate, reduce blood pressure, prevent arteriosclerosis; ③.inhibition effect on the dermatophytes such as Trichophyton violaceum and Trichophyton schoenleini, etc.
Medicinal efficacy: Cool blood and hemostasis (stanch bleeding), clear heat, removing heat from the liver and purging the pathogenic fire, removing heat from the liver and improving eyesight. It is indicated for hemafecia (pass blood in stool), hemorrhoidal hamorrhage and hemafecia (pass blood in stool), hemorrhoids blood, hematuria (blood in urine), bloody stranguria (stranguria complicated by hematuria), blood dysentery, uterine bleeding, hememesis (spitting blood), epistaxis (nose bleeding or bleeding from five aperture or subcutaneous tissue), dysentery with bloody stool, liver heat and red eyes, wind-heat and red eyes, red eyes and swelling pain, liver heat and headache, ulcer and sore poison, headache and dizziness. It is also indicated for the prevention of apoplexia.
Administration of Flos Sophorae (Huái Huā):
Administration Guide of Flos Sophorae (Huái Huā)
①.Internally:5~9 grams; ②.Internally:water decoction,2~5 qian (about 6~15 grams), or prepare to pill, powder. Externally: fumigation washes with water decoction, or prepare to ground herb powder and sprinkle; ③.Internally: water decoction, 5~10 grams, or prepared to pill, powder. Externally: proper amount, fumigation wash with water decoction, or prepare to finely ground herb powder and sprinkle apply.
Flos Sophorae Immaturus(Pagodatree Flower-bud).
Brief Introduction: The herb Flos Sophorae Immaturus is used in the same way as the flower, with stronger action. The herb is commonly known as Flos Sophorae Immaturus, Pagodatree Flower-bud, Huái Mǐ.
Botanical source: Common herbal classics and other famous herbal classics defined the herb Flos Sophorae Immaturus(Pagodatree Flower-bud) as the dried flower buds of the species (1).Sophora japonica L. It is a plant of the Sophora genus, the Fabaceae family (Leguminosae, legume, pea family) of the Rosales order. This commonly used species is introduced in the entry "Flos Sophorae(Pagodatree Flower)".
Characters of herbs: The herb Pagodatree Flower-bud is egg-shaped or oval, 2~6 mm long and 2~3 mm in diameter. There are several longitudinal lines in the lower part of the calyx. The upper part of the calyx is yellow and white petals are not flowered. The pedicel is tiny. The herb is light, easily broken, the herb has a slight odor, and it tastes bitter.
Fructus Sophorae(Pogodatree Pod).
Brief Introduction: The herb Fructus Sophorae is the dried ripe fruit of Sophora japonica L., used as pagodatree flower, chiefly for the treatment of hemorrhoidal bleeding. The herb is commonly known as Fructus Sophorae, Pogodatree Pod, Huái Jiǎo.
Botanical source: Common herbal classics and other famous herbal classics defined the herb Fructus Sophorae(Pogodatree Pod) as the dried ripe fruit of the species (1).Sophora japonica L. It is a plant of the Sophora genus, the Fabaceae family (Leguminosae, legume, pea family) of the Rosales order. This commonly used species is introduced in the entry "Flos Sophorae(Pagodatree Flower)".
Characters of herbs: The pods are cylindrical, sometimes curved, and constricted among seeds to form beads, with a length of 1~6 cm and a diameter of 0.6~1 cm. The surface is yellowish-green or yellowish-brown, wrinkled, coarse and rough, slightly shiny. There is a yellow band on one side of the back suture, a protruding stump at the top, and a stalk residue at the base. The texture of the herb is soft, easy to break at the constriction, the pulp is yellow-green, sticky, translucent, and keratose. 1~6 seeds, kidney-shaped or oblong, 8~10 mm long and 5~8 mm wide, brown-black, the surface is smooth and shiny, with concave gray-white round hilum on one side, it is hard and has 2 cotyledons, yellow-green. The herb has a slight odor, it tastes slightly bitter. The herb has a fishy smell of beans when it is chewed. The herb of better grade is full, yellowish-green and the texture of the herb is soft and moist.
Contraindications, Precautions and Adverse Reactions:the herb Fructus Sophorae should be avoid using during pregnancy.
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1.Introduction of Huai Hua:Pagodatree Flower or Flos Sophorae.