Introduction of Xiang Fu:Nutgrass Galingale Rhizome or Rhizoma Cyperi.

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The article gives records of the herb Nutgrass Galingale Rhizome, its English name, Latin name, property and flavor, its botanical source one plant species, ①.Cyperus rotundus L., with a detailed introduction to the botanical features of this plant species, the growth characteristics, and ecological environment of this plant species, the features of the herb Nutgrass Galingale Rhizome, its pharmacological actions, medicinal efficacy, and administration guide.

Rhizoma Cyperi(Nutgrass Galingale Rhizome).

Rhizoma Cyperi:herb photo Pin Yin Name: Xiānɡ Fù.
 English Name: Nutgrass Galingale Rhizome.
 Latin Name: Rhizoma Cyperi.
 Property and flavor: neutral in nature,pungent,slight bitter,sweet.

 Brief introduction: The herb Rhizoma Cyperi is the dried tuber of Cyperus rotundus L.(family Cyperaceae), used to soothe liver Qi, regulate menstruation and alleviate pain for treating chest and abdominal distension with pain, amenorrhea, and dysmenorrhea. The herb is commonly known as Rhizoma Cyperi, Nutgrass Galingale Rhizome, Xiānɡ Fù.

 Botanical source: Herbal classic book defined the herb Rhizoma Cyperi(Nutgrass Galingale Rhizome) as the dried tuber of the species (1). Cyperus rotundus L. It is a plant of the Cyperus Linn genus, the Cyperaceae family of the Cyperales order. This commonly used species is introduced as:

(1).Cyperus rotundus L.


 Cyperus rotundus L.:drawing of whole plant Botanical description: The Cyperus rotundus L., is a plant of the Cyperaceae(sedge family) family and Cyperus genus, it is commonly known as "Cyperus rotundus", or "Cyperus Root", or "Suō Cǎo". Perennial herb, spindle-shaped tubers are attached to elongated rhizomes. The stalk is solitary and has three sharp edges. Leaves are basal, narrowly linear, apex acute, shorter than the rod, the base sheath is brown, often fissile into fibrous, leaf sheath closed to stalk.

 Inflorescences repetitive, 3~6 in stalks arranged in an umbrella shape. 2~4 pieces of a leafy total scorpion, several as long as inflorescence or longer than inflorescence; spikelets are broadly linear, 2 scales, ovate, membranous, purple-red on both sides, 1 flower per scale.

 Cyperus rotundus L.:flowering plants Its flowering period is from June to August, the fruiting period is from July to November. Nutlets are obovately obovate, trigonous, ca. 1/2 length, with fine spots on the surface.

 Cyperus rotundus L.:flowering plants Ecological environment: The Cyperus rotundus L., grows in wet fields, wasteland, roadside, ditch, or fields in the sun. It is one of the most vicious weeds in the world and is not easy to remove. Geographical distribution: This species widely distributes throughout the world, in China, it mainly distributes in the south of the Qinling Mountains, north, central south, northwest, southwest areas, Taiwan, and other areas of China.

 Nutgrass Galingale Rhizome:herb photo Characters of herbs: The rhizome of the herb is mostly spindle-shaped, some are slightly curved, with a length of 2~3.5 cm and a diameter of 0.5~1 cm. The surface is brown or dark brown, with irregular longitudinal wrinkles and 6~10 obvious and slightly raised ring nodes, and there are many dark brown hairs and root marks on the joints. The hairless whiskers are smooth, with fine longitudinal ridges, and the links are not obvious. The texture of the herb is hard, the fracture surface is yellow-brown or reddish-brown after steaming, keratose; the fracture surface of the sun-dried rhizome is powdery, white-like, with obvious endodermis rings, the stele is dark and scattered punctate vascular bundles. The herb has an aromatic odor, it tastes slightly bitter. The herb of better grade is big, with a solid and firm texture, brown, and fragrance. In China, there are many native names of the Rhizoma Cyperi: "Xiang Fu, Xiang Tou Cao, Que Tou Xiang, Sha Cao Gen, Xiang Fu Zi, Lei Gong Tou, Xiang Fu Mi, San Leng Cao Gen, etc."

 Cyperus rotundus L.:drawing of whole plant Pharmacological actions: ①.inhibit the smooth muscle of the animal uterus and ileum in vitro; ②.anti-inflammatory; ③.analgesic; ④.inhibitory center; ⑤.antipyretic effects, and other effects.

 Medicinal efficacy: Regulating Qi and dispel melancholy, regulates menstruation and stops pain, miscarriage prevention. It is indicated for liver stagnation and Qi stagnation, Qi stagnation and discomfort, liver-stomach disharmony, epigastric and abdominal distension and pain, distending pain in hypochondrium chest and abdomen, stuffiness and chest congestion, phlegm and retained fluid and stuffiness in chest and abdomen, dyspepsia, nausea and vomiting, cold hernia and abdominal pain, breast distending pain, irregular menstruation, menoschesis and dysmenorrhea, dysmenorrhea(abdominal pain after menstruation), uterine bleeding and morbid leukorrhea, threatened abortion, hernia pain(colic pain), etc.

 Administration of Rhizoma Cyperi(Xiānɡ Fù): 
 
Reference: Administration Guide of Rhizoma Cyperi(Xiānɡ Fù)
TCM Books: ①.Internally:6~9 grams; ②.Internally:water decoction, 1.5~3 qian(about 4.5~9 grams), or prepare to pill, powder. Externally:prepare to finely ground herb powder and sprinkle, apply stick or prepare as a cake, heat and iron; ③.or water decoction, 1.5~6 grams, big dosage could be 15~30 grams; prepare to finely ground herb powder and prepared to pill, powder.
 Contraindications,Precautions and Adverse Reactions:Should forbidden using the herb Rhizoma Cyperi in conditions advanced menstruation due to blood heat.

 
Herbs regulating the flow of Qi.

 Introduction: Herbs regulating the flow of Qi: also known as Qi-regulating herbs, an agent or substance that regulates the activity of Qi to treat Qi stagnation or adverse Qi flow, also known as Qi-moving herbs.
 
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References:
  • 1.Introduction of Xiang Fu:Nutgrass Galingale Rhizome or Rhizoma Cyperi.

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