Introduction of Guarana:Brazilian cocoa or guarana gum.

Popular Herbs. ✵The article gives records of the herb Guarana, its English name, Latin name, common names, property and flavor, its botanical source one plant species, ①.Paullinia cupana Kunth var.sorbilis(Mart.)Ducke., with a detailed introduction to the botanical features of this plant species, the growth characteristics, and ecological environment of this plant species, the features of the herb Guarana, its pharmacological actions, medicinal efficacy, and administration guide.

Guarana(guarana gum).

fruiting branch of Guarana English Name: Guarana
 Latin Name: Paullinia cupana Kunth var.sorbilis(Mart.)Ducke and Paullinia sorbilis(L.)Mart.
 Common Names: Brazilian cocoa, guarana gum, guarana paste, Guarana Bread, Paullinia, zoom
 Property and flavor: The tastes is astringent, bitter then sweet, and the odor is reminiscent of chocolate.

 Brief introduction: Guarana consists of a dried paste made from the seeds of climbing evergreen shrubs native to the Amazon, primarily Paullina cupana and Paullina sorbilis. The seeds can be found in the orange-yellow fruits of these perennials. They are typically dry-roasted, crushed, mixed into a paste with water, molded into bars or cylindrical masses, and dried.

 Botanical source: Common herbal classics defined the herb Guarana as the dried paste of the species (1).Paullinia cupana Kunth var.sorbilis(Mart.)Ducke. It is a plant species of the Paullina genus, the Sapindaceae family (soapberry family). The dried paste is used medicinally. This commonly used species is introduced:

(1).Paullinia cupana Kunth var.sorbilis(Mart.)Ducke.

 growing tree of Paullinia cupana with orange-colored fruits Botanical description: The plant is a ligneous (woody), evergreen perennial vine up to 10 meters long, which climbs through the jungle. It is bushier in its cultivated form. The leaves are large, palmate, coriaceous, distinctly ribbed, and roughly crenate-serrate.

 The usually unisexual flowers are inconspicuous, yellow to whitish, and fragrant. They are in 30 long panicles, which only produce female or male flowers at any one time. The fruit is hazelnut-sized, deep yellow to red-orange, resectioned capsule, which bursts open when ripe and releases 1 purple-brown to black seed in a cuplike aril.

 Paullinia cupana:orange-colored fruits with big brown seeds growing on branch Ecological environment: Paullinia cupana is native to the Amazone basin and has been introduced into other rain forests. The main area of cultivation is between Maues and Manau in Brazil.

 Characters of herbs: The medicinal parts are the peeled, dried, roasted, and pulverized seeds, formed into a thick paste with water. A paste is formed from the pulverized and roasted seeds, formed into rolls or bars, and dried. The taste is astringent, bitter then sweet, and the odor is reminiscent of chocolate.

 Pharmacological actions: ①.stimulant; ②.boost energy; ③.relieve headache; ④.rich in tannins; ⑤.inhibit platelet aggregation; ⑥.cognitive enhancement; ⑦.mood enhancement; ⑧.weight loss, etc.

 Guarana is a caffeine-containing stimulant, just like coffee and black tea, the caffeine concentration is about 3.5 percent, higher than coffee beans and dried tea leaves. The caffeine content of guarana boosts energy, its alkaloids theophylline and theobromine help relieve migraine headaches and suppress appetite. Guarana is rich in tannins, it controls or stops diarrhea by reducing inflammation in the intestines. Guarana also inhibits platelet aggregation in lab rabbits, it inhibits the development of potentially dangerous blood clots. Guarana enhances the speed of memory task performance without significant accuracy deficiency. A combination of guarana with passiflora and other herbs relieves anxious mood. Various studies found guarana and other herbs could cause weight loss effects.

 Medicinal efficacy: Guarana was used by Amazonian Indians as a caffeine-containing beverage, and it offers the same stimulant and social pleasures as are celebrated by other people around the world who favor tea or coffee. It is also used to treat chronic or infectious diarrhea, headaches including migraine, pain associated with rheumatic or menstrual ailments, water retention, fevers, malaria, heat stress, and other ailments. It is also used as an aphrodisiac.

 Guarana is used in a carbonated soft drink as the national beverage of Brazil, it is used by American manufacturers as a weight-loss aid and as an ingredient in combination herbal energy products.

 Administration of Guarana (guarana gum): 
Reference: Administration Guide of Guarana (guarana gum)
Herbal classic books: Dosage: A common dosage is 500 to 1,000 mg of the dried herb. Powdered guarana is taken in doses of 0.5 to 4 grams. Commercial preparations should be used according to package directions. Homeopathic dosage is 5 drops, 10 globules every 30 to 60 minutes for an acute condition, or 1 to 3 times a day for a chronic condition, parenterally: 1 to 2 ml sc, acute:3 times daily; chronic: once a day.
 Contraindications, Precautions and Adverse Reactions: Guarana appears to be relatively safe to use in moderation. Its caffeine content may cause the same reactions similar to coffee, tea, cola, and other caffeine-containing drinks: nervousness, shakiness, trouble sleeping, fast or irregular heartbeat, and stomach upset. It should be avoided by children, heart disease suffers, and pregnant women. Tannin-rich herb should not be used over long periods, drinking guarana with milk may significantly reduce its risk of being counter-productive as it interferes with protein use. Over dosage use will lead to symptoms of poisoning dysuria, vomiting, and abdominal spasms.




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