Introduction of Jinɡ Jie:Herba Schizonepetae or Fineleaf Schizonepeta Herb.

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The article gives records of the herb Fineleaf Schizonepeta Herb, Fineleaf Schizonepeta Spike, Carbonized Fineleaf Schizonepeta, its English name, Latin name, property and flavor, its botanical source 2 plant species, ①.Schizonepeta tenuifolia Briq., and ②.Schizonepaeta multifida (L.)Briq., with a detailed introduction to the botanical features of these two plants, the growth characteristics, and ecological environment of these two plants, the features of the herb Fineleaf Schizonepeta Herb, its pharmacological actions, medicinal efficacy, and administration guide.

Herba Schizonepetae(Fineleaf Schizonepeta Herb).

Fineleaf Schizonepeta Herb Pin Yin Name: Jīnɡ Jiè.
 English Name: Fineleaf Schizonepeta Herb.
 Latin Name: Herba Schizonepetae.
 Property and flavor: light warm, pungent, slightly bitter.

 Brief introduction: The herb Herba Schizonepetae is the dried aerial part of Schizonepeta tenuifolia Briq.(family Labiatae), used (1).to release the superficies and disperse wind in cases of wind-cold affliction, (2).to promote eruption for treating measles, and (3).to dispel wind for urticaria. The herb is commonly known as Herba Schizonepetae, Fineleaf Schizonepeta Herb, Jīnɡ Jiè.

 Botanical source: The herb Herba Schizonepetae(Fineleaf Schizonepeta Herb) is the dried aerial part of Schizonepeta tenuifolia Briq. It is also known as Fineleaf Schizonepeta Herb, Herb of Fineleaf Schizonepeta.

 Common official herbal classics defined the herb Herba Schizonepetae(Jīnɡ Jiè) as the dried aerial part of (1).Schizonepeta tenuifolia Briq. Other famous herbal classics defined the herb as the dried aerial part of species of the same family:(1).Schizonepeta tenuifolia Briq., (2).Schizonepaeta multifida (L.)Briq. They are plant species of the Nepeta Linn. Genus, Labiatae family of the Lamiales order. These 2 commonly used species are introduced:

(1).Schizonepeta tenuifolia Briq.


 Schizonepeta tenuifolia Briq:color picture Botanical description: The plant is also known as Nepeta tenuifolia Bent., or Lie Ye Jing Jie. Annual herbs, 60~100 cm high. Strong aroma. Stem is upright, prismatic, upper part is much-branched, base is brownish-purple. The whole plant is covered with pale pubescent. Leaves are opposite; Stem base of leaf is sessile or nearly sessile, pinnate has deep cleft, 5 lobes, middle and upper leaves are sessile, pinnate has deep cleft, 3~5 lobes, 1~3.5 cm long, 1.5~2.5 cm wide, apex lancet, base is cuneate and gradually narrow the postponement of petiole, lobes are lanceolate, margin is entire-edge, the dark green, sage green at lower part, both surfaces are glabrous, veins and edge is close, have a poof gland. Flowers for the inflorescence, multi-wheelel dense at the branch end, form spike, 3~13 cm long; Bracts are leaflike, 4~17 mm long; Bracteoles are linear, smaller; Flowers are small, calyx is funnelform obconical, 3 mm long, 1.2 mm in diameter, gray pilose and yellow-green glandular points, apex 5-dentate, lobes are ovate-triangular; The upper lip apex is 2-lobed, 3-lobed, middle lobe is largest. 4 stamens, 2-strong; Ovary is 4-lobed, stylopodium, stigma 2-lobed. 4 nutlets, oblong triangular, 1.5 mm long, 0.7 mm in diameter, tan, smooth. Its flowering period is from July to September, fruiting from September to November.

 Schizonepeta tenuifolia Briq:plant and flower Ecological environment: This species grows on hillsides by roadsides or in valleys. The altitude is between 540 and 2,700 meters above sea level. The plant distributes in northwest, southwest, the middle and lower reaches areas of the Yangtze River, and other provinces of China.

 Growth characteristics: The plant prefers the warm and humid climate, seedlings can withstand low temperature around 0℃, frost damage at a temperature below -2℃. It likes enough sunshine, afraid of drought, and avoid water logging. It is advisable to cultivate with loose and fertile sandy loam, oil sandy soil, and sandy soil with good drainage. Avoid continuous cropping.

 Characters of herbs: The stem of the herb is a square column, with branches at the upper part, 50~80 cm in length and 0.2~0.4 cm in diameter. The surface is yellowish green or purplish red, pubescent; Light, crisp, the cross-section is off-white. Leaves are opposite, mostly detached, leaves 3-5 pinnately divided, lobes are slender. Spike verticillaster inflorescence grows terminally, 2~9 cm long and about 0.7 cm in diameter. Corolla is deciduous, persistent calyx is campanulate or bell-shaped, apex is 5-toothed, light brown or yellowish green, pubescent; Nuts are brown and black. It smells aromatic, tastes slightly astringent, pungent and cool. The herb of better grade is light yellow-green, the spike is dense and long, fragrant.

 Pharmacological actions: ①.Antipyretic and analgesic effect; ②.Antiviral effect: antibacterial effect on Staphylococcus aureus and Bacillus diphtheria in vitro, inhibitory effect on Bacillus anthracis, Streptococcus B, Bacilli typhoid, Bacillus dysentery, Pseudomonas aerustris, and Mycobacterium tuberculosis; ③.Hemostatic effect; ④.Anti-cancer effect: weak inhibition of cancer cells in vitro.

 Medicinal efficacy: Dispel wind, relieving exterior syndrome, promoting eruption, stanch bleeding. Indicated for fever of cold, cephalea(headache), itching of the eye, cough, swelling and pain in throat, measles, carbuncle swelling, scabies, epistaxis, hematemesis, hematochezia, metrorrhagia and metrostaxis(uterine bleeding), postpartum anemic fainting, etc.

 Administration of Herba Schizonepetae(Jīnɡ Jiè): 
 
Reference: Administration Guide of Herba Schizonepetae(Jīnɡ Jiè)
TCM Books: ①.Internally:4.5~9 grams;②.1.5~3 qian(about 4.5~9 grams), water decoction, or grinded to a fine powder and prepared to pill, powder. Externally: proper amount, mashed and apply stick, grinded into a fine powder and apply stick, or wash with water decoction;③.water decoction, 3~10 grams, or prepare to pill, powder.Externally: fumigation wash with water decoction, smashed and apply, or grinded to a fine powder and apply.

(2).Schizonepaeta multifida (L.)Briq.


 Schizonepaeta multifida Briq:plant and flower 01 Botanical description: The plant is also known as Nepeta multifida L., or Duo Lie Ye Jing Jie. Perennial herb, it grows up to 40~50 cm tall. Stem base is lignified, upper part is four-edge shape, white villous. Leaves are opposite; Petiole is about 1.5 cm long; Leaves are feathery deeply divided or divided, sometimes lobed to entire-edge, lobes are ovate or ovate-lanceolate, entire-edge or sparsely toothed, 2~3.4 cm long, 1.5~2 cm wide, apex acute, base is sub truncate to cordate, dark green at upper part, slightly pilose, white yellow at lower part, white short bristles, veins upper and margin lashes, glandular. Most of the inflorescences form a terminal spike, 6~12 cm long. Bracts are leafy, deep or entire, ovate, 1 cm long; Bracteoles are ovate-lanceolate or lanceolate, purplish, slightly longer or as long as flowers; Calyx is purplish, 5 mm long, 15 veined, externally sparsely pubescent, apex is 5-dentate, triangular; Corolla is 2-lipped, blue-purple, pale yellow after drying, 8 mm long, pilose, upper lip is 2-lobed, lower lip is 3-lobed, middle lobe is largest; 4 stamens, anthers mauve, style is slender, stigma is 2-lobed. 4 nutlets, oblong, slightly ribbed, 1.6 mm long, 0.6 mm wide, brown. Its flowering period is from July to September, fruiting after September.

 Schizonepaeta multifida Briq:plant and flower 02 Ecological environment: The plant grows on the edge of pine forest, hillside grass, or wet grassland, in areas with an altitude of 1,300~2,000 meters above sea level. It grows in the north, northwest, and other areas of China.

 Characters of herbs: The herb of Schizonepaeta multifida is the stems and branches, purplish red, pubescent; Light and brittle, easy to break, the cross-section is fibrous. Leaf lobes are wider, ovate or ovate-lanceolate. Inflorescences are continuous and rarely interrupted; Calyx teeth are sharp. The smell is fragrant, the taste is slight sour but spicy cool.
 
Spica Schizonepetae(Fineleaf Schizonepeta Spike).

Fineleaf Schizonepeta Spike:herb photo Pin Yin Name: Jīnɡ Jiè Suì.
 English Name: Fineleaf Schizonepeta Spike.
 Latin Name: Spica Schizonepetae.
 Property and flavor: light warm, pungent, bitter.

 Brief introduction: The Spica Schizonepetae is the seed-bearing part of schizonepeta, it is used similarly as Herba Schizonepetae, fineleaf schizonepeta herb, with stronger actions.
 
Herba Schizonepetae Carbonisata(Carbonized Fineleaf Schizonepeta).

Carbonized Fineleaf Schizonepeta:herb photo Pin Yin Name: Jīnɡ Jiè Tàn.
 English Name: Carbonized Fineleaf Schizonepeta.
 Latin Name: Herba Schizonepetae Carbonisata.
 Property and flavor: light warm, pungent, slightly bitter.

 Brief introduction: The Herba Schizonepetae Carbonisata is the carbonized schizonepeta, it is used as a hemostatic for treating functional uterine bleeding and hematochezia.
 
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References:
  • 1.Introduction of Jinɡ Jie:Herba Schizonepetae or Fineleaf Schizonepeta Herb.

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